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Service dogs in the hospital: helpful or harmful? A case report and clinical recommendations
Contributor(s):: Pellegrino, L. D., Cerimele, J. M., Dubovsky, A. N.
Assessment of acute pain in cats: signs, tools and limitations
Contributor(s):: White, K. L.
Recent advances in pain assessment in companion animals represent a tenacious, painstaking and time-consuming dedication to improving animal welfare. Attitudes and knowledge about pain assessment, particularly in cats, have changed dramatically in the past few decades, representing a very obvious...
Feline aggression directed toward people: causes and treatment
Contributor(s):: Horwitz, D. F.
The fearful, anxious, & worried pet
Contributor(s):: Deporter, T.
Comparison of stress exhibited by cats examined in a clinic versus a home setting
Contributor(s):: Nibblett, B. M., Ketzis, J. K., Grigg, E. K.
Serum cortisol levels, physiological parameters and behavior were used to assess stress experienced by cats examined using equivalent low stress handling techniques in two different environments: their home and an idealized veterinary clinic setting. Healthy cats ( n=18) were examined in a...
Individual differences in visual and olfactory cue preference and use by cats ( Felis catus)
Contributor(s):: Mayes, E. R. E., Wilkinson, A., Pike, T. W., Mills, D. S.
Animals are constantly presented with stimuli through different sensory challenges, which may sometimes contain contradictory information and so they must decide which is more salient in a given situation. Both vision and olfaction are extensively utilised by the domestic cat ( Felis catus) in a...
Pain evaluation in dairy cattle
Contributor(s):: Gleerup, K. B., Andersen, P. H., Munksgaard, L., Forkman, B.
Pain compromises the welfare of animals. A prerequisite for being able to alleviate pain is that we are able to recognize it. Potential behavioural signs of pain were investigated for dairy cattle with the aim of constructing a pain scale for use under production conditions. Forty-three cows were...
Dominance rank is associated with body condition in outdoor-living domestic horses ( Equus caballus)
Contributor(s):: Giles, S. L., Nicol, C. J., Harris, P. A., Rands, S. A.
The aim of our study was to explore the association between dominance rank and body condition in outdoor group-living domestic horses, Equus caballus. Social interactions were recorded using a video camera during a feeding test, applied to 203 horses in 42 herds. Dominance rank was assigned to...
The prevalence and implications of human-animal co-sleeping in an Australian sample
Contributor(s):: Smith, B., Thompson, K., Clarkson, L., Dawson, D.
Sleep research is characterized by an interest in humans, with the realm of animal sleep left largely to ethologists and animal scientists. However, the lives of sleep-study participants and those with sleep problems frequently involve animals. For the majority of the population in developed...
A case study: fecal corticosteroid and behavior as indicators of welfare during relocation of an Asian elephant
Contributor(s):: Laws, N., Ganswindt, A., Heistermann, M., Harris, M., Harris, S., Sherwin, C.
This study was a preliminary investigation of an enzyme immunoassay for measuring fecal glucocorticoid metabolites in a male Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) by investigating changes in behavior and cortisol metabolite excretion associated with a putative stressful event. The study collected...
A descriptive study of 215 dogs diagnosed with separation anxiety
Contributor(s):: Storengen, L. M., Boge, S. C. K., Strom, S. J., Loberg, G., Lingaas, F.
Clinical records of dogs visiting a behavioral clinic were used to study the behavior and background of dogs with separation anxiety (SA). 215 dogs (with SA) were included in the study, representing 22.6% of the patients seen during the 40 months the study covered ( n=952). Male dogs comprised...
Video analysis of dogs suffering from anxiety when left home alone and treated with clomipramine
Contributor(s):: Cannas, S., Frank, D., Minero, M., Aspesi, A., Benedetti, R., Palestrini, C.
This study sought to film dogs with separation anxiety when left home alone while undergoing treatment with clomipramine and to compile objective information on behaviors exhibited. Twenty-three dogs ranging in age from 5 months to 9 years (mean, 32 years) were included. The dogs were filmed when...
Stress and behavioural issues in pets
Contributor(s):: Barklett-Judge, M.
What is the relationship between level of infection and 'sickness behaviour' in cattle?
Contributor(s):: Szyszka, O., Kyriazakis, I.
A bio-behavioral study of chronic idiopathic colitis in the rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta). (Special Issue: The welfare of laboratory primates.)
Contributor(s):: Howell, S., White, D., Ingram, S., Jackson, R., Larin, J., Morales, P., Garcia, A. P., Hicks, C., Hopper, K., Wagner, J.
Physiological and welfare consequences of transport, relocation, and acclimatization of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). (Special Issue: The welfare of laboratory primates.)
Contributor(s):: Schapiro, S. J., Lambeth, S. P., Jacobsen, K. R., Williams, L. E., Nehete, B. N., Nehete, P. N.
Canine cognitive dysfunction syndrome: prevalence, clinical signs and treatment with a neuroprotective nutraceutical
Contributor(s):: Osella, M. C., Re, G., Odore, R., Girardi, C., Badino, P., Barbero, R., Bergamasco, L.
Cognitive dysfunction syndrome (CDS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder of senior dogs. Since age-related behavioural changes may be useful indicators for early diagnosis and treatment, the first purpose of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of clinical signs of CDS in a...
Clinical signs caused by the use of electric training collars on dogs in everyday life situations
Contributor(s):: Schalke, E., Stichnoth, J., Ott, S., Jones-Baade, R.
The use of electric shock collars for training dogs is the subject of considerable controversy. Supporters claim that they are a reliable means of eliminating self-rewarding behaviour and that they can be used over greater distances and with less risk of stress and injury than mechanical devices,...
Impact of acute clinical mastitis on cow behaviour
Contributor(s):: Siivonen, J., Taponen, S., Hovinen, M., Pastell, M., Lensink, B. J., Pyorala, S., Hanninen, L.
Acute mastitis is one of the most common diseases of high-producing dairy cows. However, there is still lack of knowledge on which precise behaviours change first at the beginning of acute mastitis, and whether behavioural changes might serve as a tool for early detection of clinical mastitis. In...