The Role of Clinical Veterinary Medicine in the Assessment and Treatment of Laboratory Animal Distress
Contributor(s):: V. Hampshire
It is doubtful that the scientific community will ever arrive at a consensus definition for distress as it may be attempted for the purposes of improving animal welfare in and across the myriad of research, testing and teaching facilities in the United States and throughout the minuet of...
Assessment of acute pain in cats: signs, tools and limitations
Contributor(s):: White, K. L.
Recent advances in pain assessment in companion animals represent a tenacious, painstaking and time-consuming dedication to improving animal welfare. Attitudes and knowledge about pain assessment, particularly in cats, have changed dramatically in the past few decades, representing a very obvious...
The associations between animal-based welfare measures and the presence of indicators of food safety in finishing pigs
Contributor(s):: Alpigiani, I., Bacci, C., Keeling, L. J., Salman, M. D., Brindani, F., Pongolini, S., Hitchens, P. L., Bonardi, S.
Stressful housing and management practices affect animals, potentially increasing their receptiveness to pathogens. Since some pathogens do not lead to clinical signs of sickness, subclinical pigs could enter the food-chain, contaminating carcases and offal at slaughter, representing a threat to...
Pinch-induced behavioural inhibition (clipthesia) as a restraint method for cats during veterinary examinations: preliminary results on cat susceptibility and welfare
Contributor(s):: Nuti, V., Cantile, C., Gazzano, A., Sighieri, C., Mariti, C.
Cats are often subjected to minimally painful or forced procedures during routine clinical practice, which can be poorly tolerated, leading veterinary surgeons to need to offer physical restraint, usually aided by an assistant. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness and ultimate...
Pain evaluation in dairy cattle
Contributor(s):: Gleerup, K. B., Andersen, P. H., Munksgaard, L., Forkman, B.
Pain compromises the welfare of animals. A prerequisite for being able to alleviate pain is that we are able to recognize it. Potential behavioural signs of pain were investigated for dairy cattle with the aim of constructing a pain scale for use under production conditions. Forty-three cows were...
A case study: fecal corticosteroid and behavior as indicators of welfare during relocation of an Asian elephant
Contributor(s):: Laws, N., Ganswindt, A., Heistermann, M., Harris, M., Harris, S., Sherwin, C.
This study was a preliminary investigation of an enzyme immunoassay for measuring fecal glucocorticoid metabolites in a male Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) by investigating changes in behavior and cortisol metabolite excretion associated with a putative stressful event. The study collected...
Cruelty towards domestic cats
Contributor(s):: Siqueira, A. de, Cassiano, F. C., Maioka, P. C.
Impact of rapid treatment of sheep lame with footrot on welfare and economics and farmer attitudes to lameness in sheep
Contributor(s):: Green, L. E., Kaler, J., Wassink, G. J., King, E. M., Thomas, R. G.
Clinical signs caused by the use of electric training collars on dogs in everyday life situations
Contributor(s):: Schalke, E., Stichnoth, J., Ott, S., Jones-Baade, R.
The use of electric shock collars for training dogs is the subject of considerable controversy. Supporters claim that they are a reliable means of eliminating self-rewarding behaviour and that they can be used over greater distances and with less risk of stress and injury than mechanical devices,...
Impact of acute clinical mastitis on cow behaviour
Contributor(s):: Siivonen, J., Taponen, S., Hovinen, M., Pastell, M., Lensink, B. J., Pyorala, S., Hanninen, L.
Acute mastitis is one of the most common diseases of high-producing dairy cows. However, there is still lack of knowledge on which precise behaviours change first at the beginning of acute mastitis, and whether behavioural changes might serve as a tool for early detection of clinical mastitis. In...
An ethicist's commentary on technicians performing management procedures on farm without on-site supervision
Contributor(s):: Rollin, B. E.
An ethicist's commentary on training foreign graduates with humane society animals
An ethicist's commentary on using wood chippers to kill chickens
An ethicist's commentary: Should veterinarians report cruelty to non-veterinarians charged with investigating cruelty?
Ethics and euthanasia
Death-proofing: preventive measures for difficult times
Contributor(s):: Milani, M.
Practical bond considerations: guilt and the treatment process
Diagnosis and treatement methods in separation anxiety in dogs
Contributor(s):: Asztalos, L., Papuc, I., Lazar, I.
A group of 60 dogs from different races, ages and genders in Romania were studied [date not given]. We used clinical and semiological methods and a paraclinical test for the diagnosis of separation anxiety, but the most important and relevant information were the anamnetic dates that the owners...
Treat or euthanize: helping owners make critical decisions regarding pets with behavior problems
Contributor(s):: Haug, L. I.
This article describes the environmental and the animal's own factors that influence the development of behaviour problems and aggression and also considers the owners' perceptions, emotions and finances to help them decide on a treatment programme before considering euthanasia.
Proceedings of the 6th International Veterinary Behavior Meeting (IVBM), Riccione, Italy, 17-19 June 2007
A total of 43 abstracts of papers presented at the 6th International Veterinary Behaviour Meeting are included in this issue. The following topics are covered: behaviour; behavioural medicine; and clinical ethology; behavioural development; relationship and influence of owners on behaviour;...