Conceptual and methodological issues relating to pain assessment in mammals: The development and utilisation of pain facial expression scales
Contributor(s):: McLennan, Krista M., Miller, Amy L., Dalla Costa, Emanuela, Stucke, Diana, Corke, Murray J., Broom, Donald M., Leach, Matthew C.
Service dogs in the hospital: helpful or harmful? A case report and clinical recommendations
Contributor(s):: Pellegrino, L. D., Cerimele, J. M., Dubovsky, A. N.
Assessment of acute pain in cats: signs, tools and limitations
Contributor(s):: White, K. L.
Recent advances in pain assessment in companion animals represent a tenacious, painstaking and time-consuming dedication to improving animal welfare. Attitudes and knowledge about pain assessment, particularly in cats, have changed dramatically in the past few decades, representing a very obvious...
The associations between animal-based welfare measures and the presence of indicators of food safety in finishing pigs
Contributor(s):: Alpigiani, I., Bacci, C., Keeling, L. J., Salman, M. D., Brindani, F., Pongolini, S., Hitchens, P. L., Bonardi, S.
Stressful housing and management practices affect animals, potentially increasing their receptiveness to pathogens. Since some pathogens do not lead to clinical signs of sickness, subclinical pigs could enter the food-chain, contaminating carcases and offal at slaughter, representing a threat to...
Feline aggression directed toward people: causes and treatment
Contributor(s):: Horwitz, D. F.
The fearful, anxious, & worried pet
Contributor(s):: Deporter, T.
Comparison of stress exhibited by cats examined in a clinic versus a home setting
Contributor(s):: Nibblett, B. M., Ketzis, J. K., Grigg, E. K.
Serum cortisol levels, physiological parameters and behavior were used to assess stress experienced by cats examined using equivalent low stress handling techniques in two different environments: their home and an idealized veterinary clinic setting. Healthy cats ( n=18) were examined in a...
Individual differences in visual and olfactory cue preference and use by cats ( Felis catus)
Contributor(s):: Mayes, E. R. E., Wilkinson, A., Pike, T. W., Mills, D. S.
Animals are constantly presented with stimuli through different sensory challenges, which may sometimes contain contradictory information and so they must decide which is more salient in a given situation. Both vision and olfaction are extensively utilised by the domestic cat ( Felis catus) in a...
Pinch-induced behavioural inhibition (clipthesia) as a restraint method for cats during veterinary examinations: preliminary results on cat susceptibility and welfare
Contributor(s):: Nuti, V., Cantile, C., Gazzano, A., Sighieri, C., Mariti, C.
Cats are often subjected to minimally painful or forced procedures during routine clinical practice, which can be poorly tolerated, leading veterinary surgeons to need to offer physical restraint, usually aided by an assistant. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness and ultimate...
Pain evaluation in dairy cattle
Contributor(s):: Gleerup, K. B., Andersen, P. H., Munksgaard, L., Forkman, B.
Pain compromises the welfare of animals. A prerequisite for being able to alleviate pain is that we are able to recognize it. Potential behavioural signs of pain were investigated for dairy cattle with the aim of constructing a pain scale for use under production conditions. Forty-three cows were...
Forensic entomology of decomposing humans and their decomposing pets
Contributor(s):: Sanford, M. R.
Domestic pets are commonly found in the homes of decedents whose deaths are investigated by a medical examiner or coroner. When these pets become trapped with a decomposing decedent they may resort to feeding on the body or succumb to starvation and/or dehydration and begin to decompose as well....
Dominance rank is associated with body condition in outdoor-living domestic horses ( Equus caballus)
Contributor(s):: Giles, S. L., Nicol, C. J., Harris, P. A., Rands, S. A.
The aim of our study was to explore the association between dominance rank and body condition in outdoor group-living domestic horses, Equus caballus. Social interactions were recorded using a video camera during a feeding test, applied to 203 horses in 42 herds. Dominance rank was assigned to...
The prevalence and implications of human-animal co-sleeping in an Australian sample
Contributor(s):: Smith, B., Thompson, K., Clarkson, L., Dawson, D.
Sleep research is characterized by an interest in humans, with the realm of animal sleep left largely to ethologists and animal scientists. However, the lives of sleep-study participants and those with sleep problems frequently involve animals. For the majority of the population in developed...
A case study: fecal corticosteroid and behavior as indicators of welfare during relocation of an Asian elephant
Contributor(s):: Laws, N., Ganswindt, A., Heistermann, M., Harris, M., Harris, S., Sherwin, C.
This study was a preliminary investigation of an enzyme immunoassay for measuring fecal glucocorticoid metabolites in a male Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) by investigating changes in behavior and cortisol metabolite excretion associated with a putative stressful event. The study collected...
A descriptive study of 215 dogs diagnosed with separation anxiety
Contributor(s):: Storengen, L. M., Boge, S. C. K., Strom, S. J., Loberg, G., Lingaas, F.
Clinical records of dogs visiting a behavioral clinic were used to study the behavior and background of dogs with separation anxiety (SA). 215 dogs (with SA) were included in the study, representing 22.6% of the patients seen during the 40 months the study covered ( n=952). Male dogs comprised...
Video analysis of dogs suffering from anxiety when left home alone and treated with clomipramine
Contributor(s):: Cannas, S., Frank, D., Minero, M., Aspesi, A., Benedetti, R., Palestrini, C.
This study sought to film dogs with separation anxiety when left home alone while undergoing treatment with clomipramine and to compile objective information on behaviors exhibited. Twenty-three dogs ranging in age from 5 months to 9 years (mean, 32 years) were included. The dogs were filmed when...
Cruelty towards domestic cats
Contributor(s):: Siqueira, A. de, Cassiano, F. C., Maioka, P. C.
Stress and behavioural issues in pets
Contributor(s):: Barklett-Judge, M.
What is the relationship between level of infection and 'sickness behaviour' in cattle?
Contributor(s):: Szyszka, O., Kyriazakis, I.