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  1. Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior

    Contributor(s):: Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.

    Zoological institutions develop human-animal interaction opportunities for visitors to advance missions of conservation, education, and recreation; however, the animal welfare implications largely have yet to be evaluated. This behavioral study was the first to quantify impacts of guest feeding...

  2. Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species

    Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.

    This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental shift...

  3. Living on the edge: attitudes of rural communities toward Bengal tigers (Panthera tigris) in central India

    Contributor(s):: Reddy, C. S., Reuven, Yosef

    To date, most studies of the Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris) are of biological research, techniques, conservation, population modeling, or tiger-human conflicts. Few studies have attempted to understand the rural population that share a region with the tigers, and some of the villages are even...

  4. In the water with white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias): participants' beliefs toward cage-diving in Australia

    Contributor(s):: Apps, K., Dimmock, K., Lloyd, D., Huveneers, C.

    White shark (Carcharodon carcharias) cage-diving tourism is a controversial activity that provokes emotional and often opposing points of view. With increasing demand for shark tourism since the 1990s, the underlying determinants driving this growth in participation remain unclear. This paper...

  5. Rural and urban students' perceptions of and attitudes toward brown bears in Turkey

    Contributor(s):: Ambarli, H.

    Many studies have examined adults' perceptions of and attitudes toward large carnivores to assess human-wildlife conflict and inform conservation strategies, but there have been few studies concerning children. I studied secondary school students' perceptions of and attitudes toward brown bears...

  6. Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species

    Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.

    This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental shift...

  7. Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species

    Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.

    This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental shift...

  8. Living on the edge: attitudes of rural communities toward Bengal tigers ( Panthera tigris) in central India

    Contributor(s):: Reddy, C. S., Reuven, Yosef

    To date, most studies of the Bengal tiger ( Panthera tigris) are of biological research, techniques, conservation, population modeling, or tiger-human conflicts. Few studies have attempted to understand the rural population that share a region with the tigers, and some of the villages are even...

  9. In the water with white sharks ( Carcharodon carcharias): participants' beliefs toward cage-diving in Australia

    Contributor(s):: Apps, K., Dimmock, K., Lloyd, D., Huveneers, C.

    White shark ( Carcharodon carcharias) cage-diving tourism is a controversial activity that provokes emotional and often opposing points of view. With increasing demand for shark tourism since the 1990s, the underlying determinants driving this growth in participation remain unclear. This paper...

  10. Horses as Sources of Proprietary Information: Commercialization, Conservation, and Compensation Pursuant to the Convention on Biological Diversity

    Contributor(s):: Haley McClory, Stanley P. Kowalski

    Horses indigenous to East and Southeast (E/SE) Asia, including native, landrace, feral, and wild populations, embody valuable genetic diversity. Conservation efforts for animals have largely been driven by humane altruism, with little consideration for the information value of genomes. Yet, if...

  11. Density-dependent diet selection and body condition of cattle and horses in heterogeneous landscapes

    Contributor(s):: Cornelissen, P., Vulink, J. T.

    For some decades, grazing by cattle and horses is used as a management tool to achieve different nature management goals. For managers there are still questions to be answered about the effects of herbivore densities on their performance, vegetation development and biodiversity. This study...

  12. Public attitudes in India and Australia toward elephants in zoos

    Contributor(s):: Gurusamy, V., Tribe, A., Toukhsati, S., Phillips, C. J. C.

    We surveyed the attitudes of people toward captive elephants in australia, where importation into zoos has been controversial recently, compared with India, where elephants are indigenous. Both australian (AR, n=101) and Indian (IR, n=101) respondents rated conservation as the most important...

  13. The morality of the reptile "pet" trade

    Contributor(s):: Warwick, C.

    The trade in, and private keeping of, reptiles as "pets" raises several ethical concerns regarding animal welfare (associated with handling, storage, transportation, intensive captive breeding, captivity stress, injury, disease, and high premature mortality); public health and safety (associated...

  14. The role of zoos in modern society - a comparison of zoos' reported priorities and what visitors believe they should be

    Contributor(s):: Roe, K., McConney, A., Mansfield, C. F.

    Modern zoos are required to fulfill a growing number of responsibilities including scientific research, wildlife conservation, public recreation, and education. With so many roles and responsibilities and limited funds, zoos have to prioritize their activities in relation to their own specified...

  15. Assessing acute effects of trapping, handling, and tagging on the behavior of wildlife using GPS telemetry: a case study of the common brushtail possum

    Contributor(s):: Dennis, T. E., Shah, S. F.

    Trapping, handling, and deployment of tracking devices (tagging) are essential aspects of many research and conservation studies of wildlife. However, often these activities place nonhuman animals under considerable physical or psychological distress, which disrupts normal patterns of behavior...

  16. The role of behavioral research in the conservation of chimpanzees and gorillas

    Contributor(s):: Lonsdorf, E. V.

    Chimpanzees and gorillas are among man's closest living relatives, sharing most of the human genetic code and having many similarities to humans in anatomy, physiology, and behavior. Like humans, these apes make and use tools and have strong family bonds. Chimpanzees even show population-specific...

  17. What's in a name? Perceptions of stray and feral cat welfare and control in Aotearoa, New Zealand

    Contributor(s):: Farnworth, M. J., Campbell, J., Adams, N. J.

    New Zealanders (n=354) rated the acceptability of lethal and nonlethal cat control methods and the importance of conservation and welfare. Lethal control was more acceptable for feral cats than strays; for nonlethal control, the inverse was true. More than concern for the welfare of cats...

  18. Evaluation of factors affecting emotional responses in zoo visitors and the impact of emotion on conservation mindedness

    Contributor(s):: Powell, D. M., Bullock, E. V. W.

    Creating experiences for visitors that increase their biological knowledge and inspire conservation mindedness is a critical task for zoos and aquariums. A growing body of literature suggests that emotional stimulation is affected by characteristics of both the visitor and the visitor's...

  19. Naturalistic exhibits may be more effective than traditional exhibits at improving zoo-visitor attitudes toward African apes

    Contributor(s):: Lukas, K. E., Ross, S. R.

    Zoos play a unique role in wildlife conservation, particularly in the area of conservation education. Because of their popularity and flagship status for broader conservation issues, great apes may prove to be one of the most important educational conduits in zoos. In 2002, we surveyed knowledge...

  20. A comparison of body size, coat condition and endoparasite diversity of wild Barbary macaques exposed to different levels of tourism

    Contributor(s):: Borg, C., Majolo, B., Qarro, M., Semple, S.

    Primate tourism is a rapidly growing industry with the potential to provide considerable conservation benefits. However, assessing the impact of tourists on the animals involved is vital to ensure that the conservation value of primate tourism is maximized. In this study, we compared body size,...