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Walking the thylacine: records of indigenous companion animals in Australian narrative and photographic history
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Contributor(s):: Philip, J., Garden, D.
This report examines the history and significance of indigenous companion animals within traditional Aboriginal society and in early Euro-Australian settlements. Working from historical photographic and anthropological records, the project constructs a visual and written record of these...
Caregiver/orangutan relationships at Auckland Zoo: empathy, friendship, and ethics between species
Contributor(s):: Palmer, A., Malone, N., Park, J.
Drawing on ethnographic, ethological, and historical data, we examined the relationships between orangutans and caregivers at Auckland Zoo. Caregivers displayed high levels of empathy and adjusted their husbandry routines to their interpretations of the orangutans' moods. Caregivers experienced...
Humanization of the companion animal - human relationship
Contributor(s):: Fox, R., Gee, N. R.
This paper explores the changing nature of companion animal-human relationships in Britain over the past 30 years. This period has seen rapid change in attitudes and practices towards companion animals, with notable advances in medical treatment, nutrition, and understanding of non-human animal...
Application of the welfare quality protocol in pig slaughterhouses of five countries
Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Nande, A., Vieira-Pinto, M., Zamprogna, S., Martino, G. di, Ribas, J. C. R., Costa, M. P. da, Halinen-Elemo, K., Velarde, A.
The objective of the present study is to assess the variability of the measures used in the welfare quality (WQ) protocol for pigs among slaughterhouses in five different countries and to propose alarm and critical thresholds for the calculation of scores for future development of an animal...
Human-animal interactions and safety during dairy cattle handling - comparing moving cows to milking and hoof trimming
Contributor(s):: Lindahl, C., Pinzke, S., Herlin, A., Keeling, L. J.
Cattle handling is a dangerous activity on dairy farms, and cows are a major cause of injuries to livestock handlers. Even if dairy cows are generally tranquil and docile, when situations occur that they perceive or remember as aversive, they may become agitated and hazardous to handle. This...
Human-cat relationship in an oceanic biosphere reserve: the case of La Palma Island, Canary archipelago
Contributor(s):: Medina, F. M., Nogales, M., Farnworth, M. J., Bonnaud, E.
Removal of feral cats from island environments is a useful mechanism by which their ecological impact on endangered species can be reduced or ended. Nevertheless, because cats are anthropogenic in their origins, social perceptions of management practices play a large role in their...
Face processing of animal and human static stimuli by children with autism spectrum disorder: a pilot study
Contributor(s):: Grandgeorge, M., Degrez, C., Alavi, Z., Lemonnier, E.
Animals are part of humans' social environment and present numerous benefits. Each partner in a human-animal interaction uses signals emitted by the other (e.g. postures, gestures or gaze directions) to collect information to adjust their behaviour. Face processing impairment is associated with...
Practices and perceptions of animal contact and associated health outcomes in pregnant women and new mothers
Contributor(s):: Weng, HsinYi, Ankrom, K.
Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...
Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species
Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.
This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental shift...
Exploring children's perspectives on the welfare needs of pet animals
Contributor(s):: Muldoon, J. C., Williams, J. M., Lawrence, A.
Children are increasingly viewed as important recipients of educational interventions to improve animal welfare, yet research examining their perspectives is lacking, particularly within the UK. Helping children to care appropriately for animals depends, not least, on an ability to understand...
The emotional lives of companion animals: attachment and subjective claims by owners of cats and dogs
Contributor(s):: Martens, P., Enders-Slegers, M. J., Walker, J. K.
There is a growing body of scientific evidence supporting the existence of emotions in nonhuman animals. Companion-animal owners show a strong connection and attachment to their animals and readily assign emotions to them. In this paper we present information on how the attachment level of...
The protective association between pet ownership and depression among street-involved youth: a cross-sectional study
Contributor(s):: Lem, M., Coe, J. B., Haley, D. B., Stone, E., O'Grady, W.
Street-involved youth represent a particularly vulnerable subsection of the homeless population and are at increased risk of health problems, substance abuse, and depression. Qualitative research has demonstrated that animal companions help homeless youth cope with loneliness, are motivators for...
In the water with white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias): participants' beliefs toward cage-diving in Australia
Contributor(s):: Apps, K., Dimmock, K., Lloyd, D., Huveneers, C.
White shark (Carcharodon carcharias) cage-diving tourism is a controversial activity that provokes emotional and often opposing points of view. With increasing demand for shark tourism since the 1990s, the underlying determinants driving this growth in participation remain unclear. This paper...
Changing human-animal relationships in sport: an analysis of the UK and Australian horse racing whips debates
Contributor(s):: Graham, R., McManus, P.
Changing social values and new technologies have contributed to increasing media attention and debate about the acceptable use of animals in sport. This paper focuses on the use of the whip in thoroughbred horse racing. Those who defend its use argue it is a necessary tool needed for safety,...
The associations between animal-based welfare measures and the presence of indicators of food safety in finishing pigs
Contributor(s):: Alpigiani, I., Bacci, C., Keeling, L. J., Salman, M. D., Brindani, F., Pongolini, S., Hitchens, P. L., Bonardi, S.
Stressful housing and management practices affect animals, potentially increasing their receptiveness to pathogens. Since some pathogens do not lead to clinical signs of sickness, subclinical pigs could enter the food-chain, contaminating carcases and offal at slaughter, representing a threat to...
Companion animal economics: the economic impact of companion animals in the UK. Research report
Contributor(s):: Hall, S., Dolling, L., Bristow, K., Fuller, T., Mills, D.
The aim of this report is to raise awareness of the importance of research concerning the economic impact of companion animals on society. This report was inspired by the seminal Council for Science and Society (CSS) report Companion Animals in Society (1988), and updates and extends its...
This chapter introduces the report, which describes the animal and human health costs and benefits impact of pets in the UK.