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Sustained attention to the owner is enhanced in dogs trained for animal assisted interventions
Contributor(s):: Mongillo, P., Pitteri, E., Marinelli, L.
Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior
Contributor(s):: Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.
Zoological institutions develop human-animal interaction opportunities for visitors to advance missions of conservation, education, and recreation; however, the animal welfare implications largely have yet to be evaluated. This behavioral study was the first to quantify impacts of guest feeding...
Current opinion on maximizing veterinary profession growth and contributions
Contributor(s):: Nimmanapalli, R., Donapaty, S. R.
Veterinary profession sphere overlaps three major biology arenas namely agriculture, basic sciences, and human medicine. Thus, so far the investments in veterinary field are not proportional to the scope of their responsibilities. Rededication and rejuvenation can help veterinary profession to...
Validity and feasibility of human-animal relationship tests for on-farm welfare assessment in dairy goats
Contributor(s):: Battini, M., Barbieri, S., Waiblinger, S., Mattiello, S.
This study aims at establishing suitable tests to measure the quality of the Human-Animal Relationship (HAR) in dairy goats for on-farm welfare assessment protocols by evaluating the predictive validity of different categories of HAR tests and their feasibility in on-farm condition. Twelve...
Judging a dog by its cover: morphology but not training influences visitor behavior toward kenneled dogs at animal shelters
Contributor(s):: Protopopova, A., Wynne, C. D. L.
Currently, visitor behavior in companion animal shelters is not adequately explored. A sequence of experiments investigated how visitors interacted with kenneled dogs at an animal shelter and whether training dogs to not engage in undesirable behavior in their kennels would evoke more interest...
Children's beliefs about animal minds (Child-BAM): associations with positive and negative child-animal interactions
Contributor(s):: Hawkins, R. D., Williams, J. M.
Children and animals can have a great impact on each other's lives, yet little is known about the underpinnings of these relationships. Children's interactions with animals may be influenced by their belief in animal minds, that animals are sentient and experience thoughts and feelings. This...
Hounds and homesickness: the effects of an animal-assisted therapeutic intervention for first-year university students
Contributor(s):: Binfet, J. T., Passmore, H. A.
Transitioning from high school to university can prove to be a for midable challenge for many first-year students, with many experiencing home sickness. Given that students who experience homesickness are more likely than their non-homesick cohorts to drop out of university, universities have a...
In the water with white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias): participants' beliefs toward cage-diving in Australia
Contributor(s):: Apps, K., Dimmock, K., Lloyd, D., Huveneers, C.
White shark (Carcharodon carcharias) cage-diving tourism is a controversial activity that provokes emotional and often opposing points of view. With increasing demand for shark tourism since the 1990s, the underlying determinants driving this growth in participation remain unclear. This paper...
Empathy towards animals and belief in animal-human-continuity in Italian veterinary students
Contributor(s):: Colombo, E. S., Pelosi, A., Prato-Previde, E.
Empathy towards animals and beliefs in animal-human continuity appear to play an important role in shaping the human-animal relationship and in determining the way animals are treated and cared for. Veterinary medicine plays a central role in animal welfare and has been recognised as a highly...
An Interactive Teddy Bear Clinic Tour: Teaching Veterinary Students How to Interact with Young Children
Contributor(s):: Dalley, J. S., Creary, P. R., Durzi, T., McMurtry, C. M.
Overweight and obese pet owners: respondent and pet characteristics in the rural Midwestern United States
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Contributor(s):: Heuberger, R. A., Garner, J. A., Corby, A., DeWitt, K., Sluis, R. vander
The obesity epidemic has impacted both people and pets in the rural Midwestern United States (MWUS). Tailoring health advice to the socio-demographic characteristics and dietary patterns of owners and their pets can help promote adherence to health behavior changes for owners and foster health...
The emotional lives of companion animals: attachment and subjective claims by owners of cats and dogs
Contributor(s):: Martens, P., Enders-Slegers, M. J., Walker, J. K.
There is a growing body of scientific evidence supporting the existence of emotions in nonhuman animals. Companion-animal owners show a strong connection and attachment to their animals and readily assign emotions to them. In this paper we present information on how the attachment level of...
In the water with white sharks ( Carcharodon carcharias): participants' beliefs toward cage-diving in Australia
White shark ( Carcharodon carcharias) cage-diving tourism is a controversial activity that provokes emotional and often opposing points of view. With increasing demand for shark tourism since the 1990s, the underlying determinants driving this growth in participation remain unclear. This paper...
The National Wildlife Control Training Program: an evolution in wildlife damage management education for industry professionals
Contributor(s):: Curtis, Paul D., Smith, Raj, Hygnstrom, Scott
A survey of animal welfare experts and practicing veterinarians to identify and explore key factors thought to influence canine and feline welfare in relation to veterinary care
Contributor(s):: Dawson, L. C., Dewey, C. E., Stone, E. A., Guerin, M. T., Niel, L.
Veterinary care is important for maintaining companion animal health; however, it also has the potential to impact other aspects of patient welfare. To investigate factors related to veterinary care that are likely to influence canine and feline welfare, animal welfare researchers, veterinarians...
Attitudes of Taiwan veterinarians towards animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Wu, S. Y., Lai, Y. T., Fei, C. Y., Jong, D. S.
A survey was carried out to examine the attitudes of veterinarians in Taiwan towards animal welfare issues and current systems related to animal protection. The respondents were asked to express the extent to which they agreed with the importance of the Five Freedoms and relevant education in...
May 28 2015
IAHAIO Symposium 2015
A conditioned response overrides social attraction in common carp: a possibility for low stress sorting strongly schooling fish?
Contributor(s):: Mesquita, F. O., Borcato, F. L., Huntingford, F. A.
In this study we investigated whether a conditioned response to a light cue can override the strong schooling tendency of common carp, with a view to identifying a possible system for low stress control of movement for captive fish. Carp were trained in groups of three to approach and bite a...
Behavioural and physiological responses of domestic dogs ( Canis familiaris) to agonistic growls from conspecifics
Contributor(s):: Wood, P. A., Bie, J. de, Clarke, J. A.
Motivation-structural rule theory predicts that a sender producing harsh, low frequency sounds directed at a conspecific modifies the receiver's behaviour, in part, by communicating its willingness to escalate to an attack. Motivation-structural (MS) rules generally assume that receivers respond...
GPS technology as a proxy tool for determining relationships in social animals: an example with African elephants
Contributor(s):: Hacker, C. E., Horback, K. M., Miller, L. J.
The potential application of GPS technology in determining relationships among social animals was addressed in this study of eight African elephants residing at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park in Escondido, CA, USA between 2009 and 2011. GPS coordinates were collected over nine 24 h periods from...