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Zoo agent's measure in applying the five freedoms principles for animal welfare
| Contributor(s):: Argyo Demartoto, Robertus Bellarminus Soemanto, Siti Zunariyah
Background: Animal welfare should be prioritized not only for the animal's life sustainability but also for supporting the sustainability of living organism's life on the earth. However, Indonesian people have not understood it yet, thereby still treating animals arbitrarily and...
Gentling and welfare of lambs
| Contributor(s):: M Caroprese, L Taibi, V Franco, M Musto, A Muscio
Gentling e benessere dell’agnello. Al fine di valutare l’effetto delle cure dell’operatore sul benessere dell’agnello allattato artificialmente è stata effettuata una prova della durata di 7 settimane condotta su 64 agnelli di razza Comisana. Gli agnelli in...
Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Genetic Diversity of Bartonella henselae Infections in Pet Cats in Four Regions of the United States
| Contributor(s):: L. Guptill, C.-C. Wu, H. HogenEsch, L.N. Slater, N. Glickman, A. Dunham, H. Syme, L. Glickman
Blood was collected from a convenience sample of 271 pet cats aged 3 months to 2 years (mean age, 8 months, median and mode, 6 months) between May 1997 and September 1998 in four areas of the United States (southern California, Florida, metropolitan Chicago, and metropolitan Washington, D.C.)....
Review of Taming the Wild Horse: An Annotated Translation and Study of the Daoist Horse Taming Pictures
| Contributor(s):: Regina Swanson
This review of Louis Komjathy’s translation and interpretation of a 13th century set of illustrated poems places the work squarely within the emerging field of animal studies. Though essentially a map for Daoist monastic training, Komjathy notes that the Horse Taming Pictures, as he...
Are Illegal Direct Actions by Animal Rights Activists Ethically Vigilante?
| Contributor(s):: Michael P. Allen, Erica von Essen
Constructed as terrorist, illegal direct actions by animal rights activists have become the subject of draconian law enforcement measures in the US and UK. Some scholars respond to this phenomenon by interpreting such actions to protect vulnerable animals not as terrorist but civilly...
Implementing a One Health approach to emerging infectious disease: reflections on the socio-political, ethical and legal dimensions
| Contributor(s):: Chris Degeling, Jane Johnson, Ian Kerridge, Andrew Wilson, Michael Ward, Cameron Stewart, Gwendolyn Gilbert
Background: ‘One Health’ represents a call for health researchers and practitioners at the human, animal and environmental interfaces to work together to mitigate the risks of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases (EIDs). A One Health approach emphasizing inter-disciplinary...
A Multivariate Model of Stakeholder Preference for Lethal Cat Management
| Contributor(s):: Dara M. Wald, Susan K. Jacobson
Identifying stakeholder beliefs and attitudes is critical for resolving management conflicts. Debate over outdoor cat management is often described as a conflict between two groups, environmental advocates and animal welfare advocates, but little is known about the variables predicting...
Efficacy of Manual Ventilation Techniques During Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Kate Hopper, Marlis L. Rezende, Angela Borchers, Steven E. Epstein
The efficacy of ventilation of dogs during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with a tight fitting face mask or mouth-to-nose rescue breathing has not been evaluated. Twentyfour purpose bred research dogs: Dogs were randomized to be ventilated by cuffed orotracheal tube, tight fitting face...
Perception of animal sentience by Brazilian and French citizens: The case of sheep welfare and sentience
| Contributor(s):: Priscilla Regina Tamioso, Daniel Santiago Rucinque, Mara Miele, Alain Boissy, Carla Forte Maiolino Molento
The study compared the perception of ordinary citizens from Curitiba, Brazil (OB) and Clermont-Ferrand, France (OF), as well as OB, Brazilian veterinarians (VB), biologists (BB) and animal scientists (AB), concerning animal welfare and sentience. An online survey containing 18 open-ended,...
Major medical causes by breed and life stage for dogs presented at veterinary clinics in the Republic of Korea: a survey of electronic medical records
| Contributor(s):: Eunju Kim, Changyong Choe, Jae Guy Yoo, Sang-Ik Oh, Younghun Jung, Ara Cho, Suhee Kim, Yoon Jung Do
Background Age and breed are considered the greatest risk factors for disease prevalence and mortality in companion dogs. Understanding the prevalence of diseases, in relation to age and breed, would support appropriate guidance for future health care strategies and provide useful information...
Animal influence on water, sanitation and hygiene measures for zoonosis control at the household level: A systematic literature review
| Contributor(s):: Francisco Matilla, Yael Velleman, Wendy Harrison, Mandy Nevel
Introduction Neglected zoonotic diseases (NZDs) have a significant impact on the livelihoods of the world’s poorest populations, which often lack access to basic services. Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programmes are included among the key strategies for achieving the World Health...
Establishing a One Health office in Kenya
| Contributor(s):: Murithi Mbabu, Ian Njeru, Sarah File, Eric Osoro, Stella Kiambi, Austine Bitek, Peter Ithondeka, Salome Kairu-Wanyoike, Shanaaz Sharif, Eric Gogstad, Francis Gakuya, Kaitlin Sandhaus, Peninah Munyua, Joel Montgomery, Robert Breiman, Carol Rubin, Kariuki Njenga
A One Health (OH) approach that integrates human,animal and environmental approaches to management of zoonotic diseases has gained momentum in the last decadeas part of a strategy to prevent and...
Transmission dynamics of pandemic influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus in humans and swine in backyard farms in Tumbes, Peru
| Contributor(s):: Yeny O. Tinoco, Joel M. Montgomery, Mathew R. Kasper, Martha I. Nelson, Hugo Razuri, Maria C. Guezala, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner, Marc-Alain Widdowson, John Barnes, Robert H. Gilman, Daniel G Bausch, Armando E. Gonzalez
Objectives We aimed to determine the frequency of pH1N1 transmission between humans and swine on backyard farms in Tumbes, Peru. Design Two‐year serial cross‐sectional study comprising four sampling periods: March 2009 (pre‐pandemic), October 2009 (peak of the pandemic in Peru), April...
2016 Study of Current Conditions of Kentucky County Animal Shelters and Degree of Compliance with Kentucky Animal Shelter Laws
| Contributor(s):: Cynthia L. Gaskill, Rachel Cullman-Clark, Liane Lachiewicz, Matt Lamarre, Brad Rohleder, Kristin Sadler, Rachel Sparling, Craig N. Carter
Kentucky’s county animal shelter conditions have not been studied for over 20 years. Major goals of this study were to assess current conditions in Kentucky’s county shelters and determine the degree of compliance with Kentucky shelter laws. Additional information was gathered to...
Effects of Equine Assisted Activities and Therapies on Equine Stress and Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Sarah Jean Reega
Equine assisted activities and therapies (EAATs) are becoming an increasingly popular approach for therapy, therapeutic recreation, and learning for a broad range of human clients and participants. In the EAAT field, most research has been human-centric, focusing primarily on benefits of EAATs...
Ecology of zoonoses: natural and unnatural histories
| Contributor(s):: William B. Karesh, Andy Dobson, James O. Lloyd-Smith, Juan Lubroth, Matthew A. Dixon, Malcolm Bennett, Stephen Aldrich, Todd Harrington, Pierre Formenty, Elizabeth H. Loh, Catherine C. Machalaba, Mathew Jason Thomas, David L. Heymann
More than 60% of human infectious diseases are caused by pathogens shared with wild or domestic animals. Zoonotic disease organisms include those that are endemic in human populations or enzootic in animal populations with frequent cross-species transmission to people. Some of these diseases...
Relationship between sociability toward humans and physiological stress in dogs
| Contributor(s):: Yoon-Joo Shin, Nam-Shik Shin
Sociability is an essential trait for dogs to successfully interact with humans. In this study, the relationship between sociability and physiological stress was examined. Additionally, whether differences exist between companion dogs (C group) and shelter dogs (S group) was examined. Overall,...
One health: the importance of companion animal vector-borne diseases
| Contributor(s):: Michael J Day
The international prominence accorded the 'One Health' concept of co-ordinated activity of those involved in human and animal health is a modern incarnation of a long tradition of comparative medicine, with roots in the ancient civilizations and a golden era during the 19th century...
Interspecies interactions and potential Influenza A virus risk in small swine farms in Peru
| Contributor(s):: Sarah McCune, Carmen S Arriola, Robert H Gilman, Martin A Romero, Viterbo Ayvar, Vitaliano A Cama, Joel M Montgomery, Armando E Gonzales, Angela M Bayer
The recent avian influenza epidemic in Asia and the H1N1 pandemic demonstrated that influenza A viruses pose a threat to global public health. The animal origins of the viruses confirmed the potential for interspecies transmission. Swine are hypothesized to be prime "mixing vessels" due...
Zoo Animal Welfare: The Human Dimension
| Contributor(s):: Cole, J., Fraser, D.