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  1. A comparison of zoo animal behavior in the presence of familiar and unfamiliar people

    Contributor(s):: Martin, R. A., Melfi, V.

    As recorded in domestic nonhuman animals, regular interactions between animals in zoos and keepers and the resulting relationship formed (human-animal relationship [HAR]) are likely to influence the animals' behaviors with associated welfare consequences. HAR formation requires that zoo animals...

  2. The Ethical Disconnect of the Circus: Humanity's acceptance of Performing Elephants

    Contributor(s):: Jaynes, Mike

  3. GPS technology as a proxy tool for determining relationships in social animals: an example with African elephants

    Contributor(s):: Hacker, C. E., Horback, K. M., Miller, L. J.

    The potential application of GPS technology in determining relationships among social animals was addressed in this study of eight African elephants residing at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park in Escondido, CA, USA between 2009 and 2011. GPS coordinates were collected over nine 24 h periods from...

  4. The Big Attraction: The Circus Elephant and American Culture

    Contributor(s):: Mosier, Jennifer L.

  5. “Killing the Elephant”: Murderous Beasts and the Thrill of Retribution, 1885–1930

    Contributor(s):: Wood, Amy Louise

  6. The sizes of elephant groups in zoos: implications for elephant welfare

    Contributor(s):: Rees, P. A.

    This study examined the distribution of 495 Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) and 336 African elephants (Loxodonta africana) in 194 zoos, most of which were located in Europe (49.1

  7. Personality assessment in African elephants ( Loxodonta africana): comparing the temporal stability of ethological coding versus trait rating

    Contributor(s):: Horback, K. M., Miller, L. J., Kuczaj, S. A., II

    The consistency of personality assessment was addressed in this study of 12 zoological African elephants living at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park in Escondido, CA, USA during the 2010 and 2011 summer seasons. Using 480 h of observational behavior data, three personality traits were determined...

  8. Entertaining elephants : animal agency and the business of the American circus

    Contributor(s):: Nance, Susan

  9. The effects of GPS collars on African elephant (Loxodonta africana) behavior at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park

    Contributor(s):: Horback, K. M., Miller, L. J., Andrews, J., Kuczaj, S. A., II, Anderson, M.

  10. Validating methods to determine walking rates of elephants within a zoological institution

    Contributor(s):: Miller, L. J., Andrews, J., Anderson, M.

  11. Behavior of picketed circus elephants

    Contributor(s):: Friend, T. H.

    The behaviour of 14 female Asian (Elephas maximus) and 3 female African (Loxodonta africana) elephants who performed 2 shows each day with a circus that travelled to a new location (40 to 250 km from the previous day's lot) daily, was studied. When not performing or working, the elephants were...

  12. The effect of penning versus picketing on stereotypic behavior of circus elephants

    Contributor(s):: Friend, T. H., Parker, M. L.

    The behaviour of 9 female Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) who performed 2 shows each day with a circus that travelled to a new location in the USA (40 to 250 km from the previous day's lot) daily or every 2 days was studied during the 1996 and 1998 seasons. When not performing or working, the...

  13. A survey of elephant husbandry and foot health in North American zoos. (Special Issue: The care and welfare of elephants in AZA institutions.)

    Contributor(s):: Lewis, K. D., Shepherdson, D. J., Owens, T. M., Keele, M.

    The foot health of elephants in human care is a longstanding concern. In 2001, the AZA Standards for Elephant Management and Care were published recommending husbandry to improve foot health. This article reports the results of a 2006 survey: basic statistics describing facility, husbandry, and...