Local knowledge held by farmers in Eastern Tyrol (Austria) about the use of plants to maintain and improve animal health and welfare
Contributor(s):: Vogl, C. R., Vogl-Lukasser, B., Walkenhorst, M.
Background: The sustainable management of animal health and welfare is of increasing importance to consumers and a key topic in the organic farming movement. Few systematic studies have been undertaken investigating farmers' local knowledge related to this issue. Ethnoveterinary medicine (EVM) is...
Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study
Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.
The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...
Effects of gentle interactions on the relationship with humans and on stress-related parameters in group-housed calves
Contributor(s):: Lurzel, S., Windschnurer, I., Futschik, A., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.
Although the relationship between farm animals and humans has strong implications for animal welfare and productivity, there have been few experimental studies on the influence of gentle interactions in group-housed calves. In the present study, Austrian Simmental calves were housed in groups of...
Alternative housing systems for fattening bulls under Austrian conditions with special respect to rubberised slatted floors
Contributor(s):: Rouha-Muelleder, C., Absmanner, E., Kahrer, E., Zeiner, H., Scharl, T., Leisch, F., Stanek, C., Troxler, J.
Assessing the welfare of dairy calves: outcome-based measures of calf health versus input-based measures of the use of risky management practices
Contributor(s):: Vasseur, E., Pellerin, D., Passille, A. M. de, Winckler, C., Lensink, B. J., Knierim, U., Rushen, J.
Birds of a feather flock together? Perceived personality matching in owner-dog dyads
Contributor(s):: Turcsan, B., Range, F., Viranyi, Z., Miklosi, A., Kubinyi, E.
Identifying reasons for stun failures in slaughterhouses for cattle and pigs: a field study
Contributor(s):: Wenzlawowicz, M. von, Holleben, K. von, Eser, E.
The evolution of imitation: what do the capacities of non-human animals tell us about the mechanisms of imitation? (Special Issue: Evolution, development and intentional control of imitation.)
Contributor(s):: Huber, L., Range, F., Voelkl, B., Szucsich, A., Viranyi, Z., Miklosi, A.
In this paper, we review reports and present new empirical data from studies with marmosets and dogs that address the correspondence problem of imitation research. We focus on the question of how it is possible to transform visual information into matching motor acts. Here, the important issue is...
Learning emotion recognition from canines? Two for the road
Contributor(s):: Stetina, B. U., Turner, K., Burger, E., Glenk, L. M., McElheney, J. C., Handlos, U., Kothgassner, O. D.
The ability to recognize emotions is a prerequisite for interpersonal interaction and essential for emotional competencies. The present study aimed at exploring the possibility of enhancing the emotion recognition capability of human beings by using an animal-assisted intervention focusing on...
Social licking in dairy cattle - effects on heart rate in performers and receivers
Contributor(s):: Laister, S., Stockinger, B., Regner, A. M., Zenger, K., Knierim, U., Winckler, C.
Using heart rate (HR) measurements we investigated whether potential calming effects of social licking were evident for both active (performers) and passive (receivers) licking partners. A HR decline was assumed to indicate relaxation and thus the experience of positive emotions. Effects of the...
Effects of different housing systems on the behaviour of beef bulls - an on-farm assessment on Austrian farms
Contributor(s):: Absmanner, E., Rouha-Mulleder, C., Scharl, T., Leisch, F., Troxler, J.
Previous studies noted significant health and behavioural problems in cattle accommodated on fully slatted floors. As the majority of beef bulls in Austria are still housed on fully slatted floors the development of alternative housing systems becomes vitally important. On the basis of...
Animal welfare in Austria: basic concepts of animal ethics, legal framework and animal welfare-related research
Contributor(s):: Binder, R., Palme, R., Sommerfeld-Stur, I., Baumgartner, J., Niebuhr, K., Zaludik, K., Bartussek, H., Waiblinger, S., Reifinger, M., Kubber-Heiss, A., Rabitsch, A., Gneist, M., Troxler, J.
The first part of the following article summarizes basic concepts of animal ethics and provides a short survey of the framework of the Austrian animal protection legislation. Emphasis is given to the historical development and to the status quo as well as to the forthcoming reform which aims to...
Assessment of animal welfare in 80 dairy cow herds in cubicle housing # animal health and other animal-related parameters
Contributor(s):: Rouha-Mulleder, C., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.
Introduction: With growing concerns about farm animal welfare (e.g. by consumers; WILDNER, 1998), knowledge about the actual situation with regard to animal welfare on farms is important. Valid assessment of animal welfare requires the use of animal-based parameters, while environmental...
Cortisol concentrations in saliva of humans and their dogs during intensive training courses in animal-assisted therapy
Contributor(s):: Haubenhofer, D., Mostl, E., Kirchengast, S.
This study was conducted to investigate the levels of disturbances that affected dog owners and their dogs while attending a 5 day training course of the Animals as Therapy in Vienna, Austria to become therapeutic teams in animal-assisted therapy. Cortisol samples were taken from 32 humans and...
Analysis of factors influencing animal welfare, animal health & performance of dairy cows in loose housing with cubicles
Contributor(s):: Mulleder, C., Waiblinger, S., Troxler, J.
A study investigated a random sample of 80 dairy herds of 21-80 Simmental cows during the winter months of 2002 and 2003 in Lower and Upper Austria. An assessment was made of buildings and fittings, feeding, behaviour and interaction of cows and personnel, and welfare in terms of lameness and...
Exploration as an indicator of good welfare in beef bulls: an attempt to develop a test for on-farm assessment
Contributor(s):: Westerath, H. S., Laister, S., Winckler, C., Knierim, U.
Exploration appears to be carried out for its own purpose due to being self-rewarding. Furthermore, it increases environmental certainty with the effect of increased predictability and control of the environment. We, therefore, supposed that exploratory behaviour is associated with positive...
Reliability and feasibility of selected measures concerning resting behaviour for the on-farm welfare assessment in dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Plesch, G., Broerkens, N., Laister, S., Winckler, C., Knierim, U.
Resting is important for regeneration and disturbances are welfare relevant as they may be associated with insufficient recuperation, frustration, discomfort or pain and increased risk for health problems such as lameness or lesions. As part of the Welfare QualityReg. project this study aimed to...
Austrian and American approaches to animal-based health care services
Contributor(s):: Haubenhofer, D. K., Kirchengast, S.
Animal-based health care services in Austria originate from models used in the New World. This study compares the main organizations in the USA and Austria, Delta Society and Tiere als Therapie. It investigates how the original American animal-based health care models of animal-assisted...
Behavioural effects of the presence of a dog in a classroom
Contributor(s):: Kotrschal, K., Ortbauer, B.
To test the idea that dogs have a positive influence on the social behaviour of school children, one of three dogs was introduced alternately into a class at an elementary school in Vienna, attended by 24 children (mean age: 6.7 years). Most of the 14 boys and ten girls came from first-generation...
School-based social training with and without dogs: evaluation of their effectiveness
Contributor(s):: Tissen, I., Hergovich, A., Spiel, C.
This study examined the effects of different training methods on social behavior, empathy, and aggression (open and relational) in children (third-graders) at several intervals. There were three experimental conditions: "Social training without dogs," "Social training with dogs," and "Dog...