Humanization of the companion animal - human relationship
Contributor(s):: Fox, R., Gee, N. R.
This paper explores the changing nature of companion animal-human relationships in Britain over the past 30 years. This period has seen rapid change in attitudes and practices towards companion animals, with notable advances in medical treatment, nutrition, and understanding of non-human animal...
"Who's been a good dog?" - Owner perceptions and motivations for treat giving
Contributor(s):: White, G. A., Ward, L., Pink, C., Craigon, J., Millar, K. M.
Complex relationships commonly exist between owners and their companion animals, particularly around feeding behaviour with an owner's affection or love for their animal most pronounced through the provision of food. It is notable that the pet food market is experiencing strong year-on-year...
How do human-animal emotional relationships influence public perceptions of animal use?
Contributor(s):: Cox, L., Montrose, T.
Human-animal emotional relationships have a complicated interplay with public perceptions of the morality of animal use. Humans may build emotional relationships with companion species. These species are not usually intensively farmed in the United Kingdom, but they may be utilized during animal...
Exploring children's perspectives on the welfare needs of pet animals
Contributor(s):: Muldoon, J. C., Williams, J. M., Lawrence, A.
Children are increasingly viewed as important recipients of educational interventions to improve animal welfare, yet research examining their perspectives is lacking, particularly within the UK. Helping children to care appropriately for animals depends, not least, on an ability to understand the...
Children's beliefs about animal minds (Child-BAM): associations with positive and negative child-animal interactions
Contributor(s):: Hawkins, R. D., Williams, J. M.
Children and animals can have a great impact on each other's lives, yet little is known about the underpinnings of these relationships. Children's interactions with animals may be influenced by their belief in animal minds, that animals are sentient and experience thoughts and feelings. This...
Changing human-animal relationships in sport: an analysis of the UK and Australian horse racing whips debates
Contributor(s):: Graham, R., McManus, P.
Changing social values and new technologies have contributed to increasing media attention and debate about the acceptable use of animals in sport. This paper focuses on the use of the whip in thoroughbred horse racing. Those who defend its use argue it is a necessary tool needed for safety,...
Contributor(s):: Hall, S., Dolling, L., Bristow, K., Fuller, T., Mills, D.
This chapter introduces the report, which describes the animal and human health costs and benefits impact of pets in the UK.
Keeper-animal interactions: differences between the behaviour of zoo animals affect stockmanship
Contributor(s):: Ward, S. J., Melfi, V.
Stockmanship is a term used to describe the management of animals with a good stockperson someone who does this in a in a safe, effective, and low-stress manner for both the stock-keeper and animals involved. Although impacts of unfamiliar zoo visitors on animal behaviour have been extensively...
Pet ownership, attitude toward pets, and support for wildlife management strategies
Contributor(s):: Shuttlewood, C. Z., Greenwell, P. J., Montrose, V. T.
Pet ownership affects engagement with animal-related activities and may be related to support of wildlife management. British participants ( N=220) completed an online survey providing information on pet ownership, attitudes toward pets, and support for wildlife management strategies. Within this...
The morality of livestock farming: a view from the British farmers' standpoints
Contributor(s):: Fukuda, K.
This article describes how livestock farmers respond to moral enquiries about their means of livelihood, by referring to ethnographic data collected in the Scottish Borders. The focus is on three controversial aspects of livestock farming: welfare issues of intensive farming methods, guilt about...
A new questionnaire examining general attitudes toward animals in Cyprus and the United Kingdom
Contributor(s):: Zalaf, A., Egan, V.
A review of the animal welfare literature indicates that all the current measures used to evaluate it have limitations in how they assess attitudes toward animals and their care. Few studies have examined animal welfare outside non-Western nations, although attitudes toward animals and their...
Lost and hound: the more-than-human networks of rural policing
Contributor(s):: Yarwood, R.
The rhetoric of community is widely deployed in rural policing but can be problematic for three main reasons. The idea of community can exclude as well as include; be used as a way of shifting responsibility for policing away from the state and sometimes produces insular, bounded views of places....
Dos and don'ts of canine interaction: importance of responsible ownership
Contributor(s):: Green, E.
Tree cover and injurious feather-pecking in commercial flocks of free-range laying hens: a follow up
Contributor(s):: Bright, A., Gill, R., Willings, T. H.
Injurious feather-pecking in non-cage systems is a serious economic and welfare concern for the egg-producing industry. This study presents results from data of over 1,000 flocks from producers who supplied free-range eggs to McDonald's Restaurants Ltd UK between 2008 and 2013. These producers...
Consumer attitudes to injurious pecking in free-range egg production
Contributor(s):: Bennett, R. M., Jones, P. J., Nicol, C. J., Tranter, R. B., Weeks, C. A.
Free-range egg producers face continuing problems from injurious pecking (IP) which has financial consequences for farmers and poor welfare implications for birds. Beak-trimming has been practised for many years to limit the damage caused by IP, but with the UK Government giving notification that...
An exploration of an Equine-Facilitated Learning intervention with young offenders
Contributor(s):: Hemingway, A., Meek, R., Hill, C. E.
This research reports a qualitative study to explore the behavioral responses and reflections from Young Offenders undertaking an Equine-Facilitated Learning (EFL) Intervention in prison in the United Kingdom. Learning was facilitated by an instructor, and the participants were taught...
The avoidance of farmyards by European badgers Meles meles in a medium density population
Contributor(s):: Mullen, E. M., MacWhite, T., Maher, P. K., Kelly, D. J., Marples, N. M., Good, M.
Mycobacterium bovis (TB) in cattle is a disease with far-reaching economic effects throughout Europe but especially in Great Britain and Ireland. Wildlife reservoirs, in particular the European badger Meles meles, continue to play an important role in the transmission of the disease, although the...
A cross-sectional epidemiological study of prevalence and severity of bit-induced oral trauma in polo ponies and race horses
Contributor(s):: Mata, F., Johnson, C., Bishop, C.
Bit and bridle accessories improperly fitted in ridden horses can cause oral trauma such as bone spurs, commissure ulceration, and tongue lacerations. This study was used to identify, grade, and compare the types of oral traumas commonly found within polo ponies and race horses. Injuries were...
Assessing changes in the UK pet cat and dog populations: numbers and household ownership
Contributor(s):: Murray, J. K., Gruffydd-Jones, T. J., Roberts, M. A., Browne, W. J.
The main aim of this study was to replicate methodology used to estimate the size of the UK pet cat and dog populations in 2006 and the proportion of households owning cats/dogs in 2007, to produce updated data to compare trends in ownership and population sizes. A cross-sectional study design...
Factors affecting penetrating captive bolt gun performance
Contributor(s):: Gibson, T. J., Mason, C. W., Spence, J. Y., Barker, H., Gregory, N. G.
Captive bolt stunning is used for rendering livestock insensible at slaughter. The mechanical factors relating to performance of 6 penetrating captive bolt gun (CBG) models were examined. The Matador Super Securit 3000 and the .25 Cash Euro Stunner had the highest kinetic energy values (443 J and...