Perception of animal sentience by Brazilian and French citizens: The case of sheep welfare and sentience
| Contributor(s):: Priscilla Regina Tamioso, Daniel Santiago Rucinque, Mara Miele, Alain Boissy, Carla Forte Maiolino Molento
The study compared the perception of ordinary citizens from Curitiba, Brazil (OB) and Clermont-Ferrand, France (OF), as well as OB, Brazilian veterinarians (VB), biologists (BB) and animal scientists (AB), concerning animal welfare and sentience. An online survey containing 18 open-ended,...
Evaluating the Media's Role in Public and Political Responses to Human-Shark Interactions in NSW, Australia
| Contributor(s):: Sam Fraser-Baxter
Of all animals that pose danger to humans in this world, few are more feared than sharks. Human-shark interactions are traumatic, emotional and difficult to rationalize. While rare, human-shark interactions generate a disproportionate amount of media coverage and public debate. The mass media is...
Prisoners in War: Zoos and Zoo Animals During Human Conflict 1870-1947
| Contributor(s):: Clelly Johnson
Animals are sentient beings capable of many of the same feelings experienced by humans. They mourn a loss, they feel love and loyalty, and they experience fear. During wars and conflicts, fear is a prevailing emotion among humans, who worry for their wellbeing. Animals,...
Without stress at the veterinarian: make the visit in the veterinary practice cat-friendlyOhne Stress sum Tierarzt: Den Besuch in der Tierarztpraxis katzenfreundlich gestalten
| Contributor(s):: Melchers, V.
This article describes how to reduce stress in cats presented at animal hospitals for routine and medical procedures.
A preliminary study of the effects of individual response to challenge tests and stress induced by humans on learning performance of weaned piglets (Sus scrofa)
| Contributor(s):: Brajon, S., Laforest, J. P., Schmitt, O., Devillers, N.
This study investigated whether individual behavioural characteristics of piglets and stress induced by experience with humans can influence learning performance. After weaning, piglets received a chronic experience with humans to modulate their emotional state: rough (ROU), gentle (GEN), or...
Distúrbios comportamentais relacionados com o medo em cães
| Contributor(s):: João Ricardo Ferreira Teotónio
Os distúrbios comportamentais relacionados com o medo são comuns, induzem sofrimento nos animais e prejudicam os laços afectivos com os seus donos. O presente estudo procurou, por um lado, avaliar o envolvimento de variáveis intrínsecas e extrínsecas no...
Comportamento do cão no acto de consulta médico-veterinária profilática
| Contributor(s):: Inês Machado Guimarães
O comportamento de medo é habitualmente demonstrado pelos cães durante a consulta médico-veterinária. Uma tentativa de defesa, por parte do cão, pode tornar uma consulta de rotina numa tarefa complicada, pelo que é fundamental prevenir a...
Thunderstorm phobia in dogs
| Contributor(s):: Kari Wallentine
Canine thunderstorm phobia is a common, frustrating, and complex problem that, due to the often severe nature of the clinical signs, can lead to canine relinquishment to shelters. Although a potentially treatable disorder, existing treatment options have several limitations and variable success...
The Management of Horses during Fireworks in New Zealand
| Contributor(s):: Gabriella Gronqvist, Chris Rogers, Erica Gee
Within popular press there has been much coverage of the negative effects associated with firework and horses. The effect of fireworks has been documented in companion animals, yet no studies have investigated the negative effects, or otherwise, of fireworks on horses. This study aims to document...
Cattle handling pointers: stockmanship and low-stress handling
| Contributor(s):: Gill, R., Machen, R.
The effects of food-related environmental complexity on litter directed behaviour, fear and exploration of novel stimuli in young broiler chickens
| Contributor(s):: Pichova, K., Nordgreen, J., Leterrier, C., Kostal, L., Moe, R. O.
Stimulation of foraging behaviour during the first weeks of life by increasing environmental complexity such as scattering food items on the litter may be one way of preventing leg disorders, reducing fear and improving broiler welfare. However, studies on effects of access to various food based...
Plumage damage in free-range laying hens: behavioural characteristics in the rearing period and the effects of environmental enrichment and beak-trimming
| Contributor(s):: Hartcher, K. M., Tran, M. K. T. N., Wilkinson, S. J., Hemsworth, P. H., Thomson, P. C., Cronin, G. M.
Severe feather-pecking, whereby birds peck at and pull out the feathers of other birds, is one of the greatest welfare concerns and the most prevalent behavioural problem in laying hens. It can be extremely difficult to control, especially in non-cage laying flocks. Despite a multitude of studies...
Travel-related problems in pets
| Contributor(s):: Mills, D., Dube, M. B., Zulch, H.
Sections on the nature and treatment of travel-related problems of pets, including cats.
What is suffering in animals?
| Contributor(s):: Weary, D. M., Appleby, M. C., Sandoe, P.
In much of the recent animal welfare literature the word 'suffering' is used simply as an adjunct (as in 'pain and suffering') or to emphasize that the animal consciously perceives pain or some other negative affect. A stronger usage of the term implies that the negative feelings are prolonged,...
Predicting feather damage in laying hens during the laying period. Is it the past or is it the present?
| Contributor(s):: Haas, E. N. de, Bolhuis, J. E., Jong, I. C. de, Kemp, B., Janczak, A. M., Rodenburg, T. B.
Feather damage due to severe feather pecking (SFP) in laying hens is most severe during the laying period. However, SFP can develop at an early age and is influenced by early rearing conditions. In this study we assessed the risk factors during the rearing and laying period for feather damage at...
Development and validation of a behavioral acclimation protocol for cats to respiration chambers used for indirect calorimetry studies
| Contributor(s):: Gooding, M. A., Duncan, I. J. H., Atkinson, J. L., Shoveller, A. K.
Cats exposed to novel environments initiate stress responses by behavioral and physiological changes that modify metabolism and lead to the collection of unreliable data. Fourteen cats (10+or-2 months) were subjected to an 11-week acclimation procedure to adapt to restriction within chambers used...
Influence of stocking density on tonic immobility, lameness, and tibial dyschondroplasia in broilers
| Contributor(s):: Sanotra, G. S., Lawson, L. G., Vestergaard, K. S.
This study assessed the effect of stocking density on the development of fear reaction (tonic immobility), lameness (gait), and tibial dyschondroplasia in broiler chicks of mixed sex. During 3 experiments, the study used 49 500 broiler chicks (Ross 208). Of these, 432 focal chicks were randomly...
Investigating fear in rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss ) using the conditioned-suppression paradigm
| Contributor(s):: Yue, S., Duncan, I. J. H., Moccia, R. D.
Trout learned the operant task of pendulum-pressing for a food-reward in a mean of 4.3 sessions lasting 1 hr. In a separate phase, fish also learned - through classical conditioning - to associate a neutral light cue with an aversive stimulus. When again allowed to pendulum-press for food, after...
Investigating some of the factors that influence "consumer" choice when adopting a shelter dog in the United Kingdom
| Contributor(s):: Siettou, C., Fraser, I. M., Fraser, R. W.
This study examined which characteristics of dogs available at a large rehoming organization in the United Kingdom influenced prospective adopters' choices. The revealed preference data used to model "consumer" choice were from the Dogs Trust rehoming web pages. The analysis of the probability of...
Assessing the human-animal relationship in dairy cows kept in different housing systems
| Contributor(s):: Popescu, S., Borda, C., Diugan, E. A., Popdan, R.
The human-animal relationship (HAR) represents an important feature of adequate cattle breeding, both for improving the animals' welfare and to facilitate the farm activities. The aim of this study was the comparative assessment of the HAR's quality in dairy farms with tie stalls and loose...