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The associations between animal-based welfare measures and the presence of indicators of food safety in finishing pigs
Contributor(s):: Alpigiani, I., Bacci, C., Keeling, L. J., Salman, M. D., Brindani, F., Pongolini, S., Hitchens, P. L., Bonardi, S.
Stressful housing and management practices affect animals, potentially increasing their receptiveness to pathogens. Since some pathogens do not lead to clinical signs of sickness, subclinical pigs could enter the food-chain, contaminating carcases and offal at slaughter, representing a threat to...
Environmentally enriching American mink ( Neovison vison) increases lymphoid organ weight and skeletal symmetry, and reveals differences between two sub-types of stereotypic behaviour
Contributor(s):: Diez-Leon, M., Bursian, S., Galicia, D., Napolitano, A., Palme, R., Mason, G.
Enrichment studies for wild carnivores (e.g., in zoos) are often short-term, use enrichments of unknown motivational significance, and focus on glucocorticoids and stereotypic behaviour (SB), ignoring other stress-relevant variables. Our study assessed the broad behavioural and physiological...
Program animal welfare: using behavioral and physiological measures to assess the well-being of animals used for education programs in zoos
Contributor(s):: Baird, B. A., Kuhar, C. W., Lukas, K. E., Amendolagine, L. A., Fuller, G. A., Nemet, J., Willis, M. A., Schook, M. W.
This study investigates program animal welfare using both behavioral and physiological measures in two separate experiments. In Experiment One, we examined possible differences in behavior and fecal glucocorticoid metabolites (FGM) between education, exhibit and off-exhibit armadillos ( N=59)...
Effect of cage type on fecal corticosterone concentration in buck rabbits during the reproductive cycle
Contributor(s):: Cornale, P., Macchi, E., Renna, M., Prola, L., Perona, G., Mimosi, A.
Fecal corticosterone concentration (FCC) was measured in 14 buck rabbits individually housed in standard-dimension cages (SC) or in bigger cages (BC; with a volume more than double that of SC and equipped with a plastic foot mat) during 4 consecutive reproductive cycles. Cage type and...
The influence of gentle interactions on avoidance distance towards humans, weight gain and physiological parameters in group-housed dairy calves
Contributor(s):: Lurzel, S., Munsch, C., Windschnurer, I., Futschik, A., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.
The quality of the relationship between cattle and their caretakers is important for animal welfare and productivity. Nevertheless, the influence of gentle interactions on group-housed dairy calves has not been thoroughly studied so far. We examined the effects of 42 min of gentle interactions...
Hormonal and behavioural stress responses to capture and radio-collar fitting in free-ranging pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus)
Contributor(s):: Munerato, M. S., Marques, J. A., Caulkettt, N. A., Tomas, W. M., Zanetti, E. S., Trovati, R. G., Pereira, G. T., Palme, R.
This study evaluated the short-term hormonal and behavioural responses to capture and radio-collar fitting in free-ranging pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus). Twenty adult deer (eleven females and nine males) were captured in the South Pantanal wetland (Brazil) and equipped with VHF...
The effects of social interaction and environmental enrichment on the space use, behaviour and stress of owned housecats facing a novel environment
Contributor(s):: Rehnberg, L. K., Robert, K. A., Watson, S. J., Peters, R. A.
Every day, millions of domestic cats are held temporarily in captive environments, such as boarding catteries and rescue shelters. Being in confinement can potentially invoke high levels of stress for these animals. Therefore, there is a need to develop appropriate strategies to reduce these...
Effects of visual contact with zoo visitors on black-capped capuchin welfare
Contributor(s):: Sherwen, S. L., Harvey, T. J., Magrath, M. J. L., Butler, K. L., Fanson, K. V., Hemsworth, P. H.
Previous research has suggested that the presence of zoo visitors may be stressful for various primate species, and visual contact with visitors may be the sensory stimuli that mediate visitor effects. We studied a group of black-capped capuchins, Cebus apella, in a controlled experiment,...
A case study: fecal corticosteroid and behavior as indicators of welfare during relocation of an Asian elephant
Contributor(s):: Laws, N., Ganswindt, A., Heistermann, M., Harris, M., Harris, S., Sherwin, C.
This study was a preliminary investigation of an enzyme immunoassay for measuring fecal glucocorticoid metabolites in a male Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) by investigating changes in behavior and cortisol metabolite excretion associated with a putative stressful event. The study collected...
A survey of attitudes of local citizens of a residential area toward urban stray cats in Japan
Contributor(s):: Uetake, K., Yamada, S., Yano, M., Tanaka, T.
This study surveyed the attitudes of local residents living in an urban area in Japan toward stray cats. An anonymous questionnaire asked local residents (359 houses) about their attitudes toward stray cats. Responses were received from 126 houses (35%). Answers about nuisance, respondents'...
Effect of breed, cage type, and reproductive phase on fecal corticosterone levels in doe rabbits
Contributor(s):: Prola, L., Cornale, P., Renna, M., Macchi, E., Perona, G., Mimosi, A.
Fecal corticosterone concentration (FCC) is increasingly being used as a noninvasive indicator of stress in assessment of nonhuman animal welfare. The aim of this study was to evaluate effects of breed, cage type, reproductive phase, and their interactions on FCC levels in doe rabbits. A total of...
Frustrated appetitive foraging behavior, stereotypic pacing, and fecal glucocorticoid levels in snow leopards ( Uncia uncia ) in the Zurich Zoo
Contributor(s):: Burgener, N., Gusset, M., Schmid, H.
This study hypothesized that permanently frustrated, appetitive-foraging behavior caused the stereotypic pacing regularly observed in captive carnivores. Using 2 adult female snow leopards (U), solitarily housed in the Zurich Zoo, the study tested this hypothesis experimentally with a novel...
Impact of zoo visitors on the fecal cortisol levels and behavior of an endangered species: Indian blackbuck ( Antelope cervicapra L.)
Contributor(s):: Thangavel, Rajagopal, Govindaraju, Archunan, Mahadevan, Sekar
This study investigated behavioral activities (resting, moving, aggressive, social, and reproductive behavior) and fecal cortisol levels in 8 individually identified adult male blackbucks during periods of varying levels of zoo visitors (zero, low, high, and extremely high zoo visitor density)....
Operant conditioning of urination by calves
Contributor(s):: Vaughan, A., Passille, A. M. de, Stookey, J., Rushen, J.
The accumulation of faeces and urine in dairy barns is a cause of cattle and human health concerns and environmental problems. It is usually assumed that cattle are not capable of controlling defecation and urination. We tested whether calves could be taught to urinate in a location using either...
Behaviour and welfare in donkeys during therapies and activities assisted with animals (AAT/AAA) simulation
Contributor(s):: Amendola, S., Macchi, E., Rasola, M., Carluccio, A., Marsilio, F., Contri, A., Sfirro, M. P., Ponzio, P.
Effect of housing and husbandry practices on adrenocortical activity in captive Canada lynx ( Lynx canadensis)
Contributor(s):: Fanson, K. V., Wielebnowski, N. C.
Hormonal stress response of laboratory mice to conventional and minimally invasive bleeding techniques
Contributor(s):: Voigt, C. C., Klockner, P., Touma, C., Neuschl, C., Brockmann, G., Goritz, F., Palme, R., Thomsen, R.
Influence of environmental conditions and facility on faecal glucocorticoid concentrations in captive pygmy rabbits ( Brachylagus idahoensis)
Contributor(s):: Scarlata, C. D., Elias, B. A., Godwin, J. R., Powell, R. A., Shepherdson, D., Shipley, L. A., Brown, J. L.
Measuring faecal glucocorticoid metabolites as a non-invasive tool for monitoring adrenocortical activity in South American camelids
Contributor(s):: Arias, N., Requena, M., Palme, R.
Novelty exploration, baseline cortisol level and fur-chewing in farm mink with different intensities of stereotypic behaviour
Contributor(s):: Svendsen, P. M., Palme, R., Malmkvist, J.