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  1. Face processing of animal and human static stimuli by children with autism spectrum disorder: a pilot study

    Contributor(s):: Grandgeorge, M., Degrez, C., Alavi, Z., Lemonnier, E.

    Animals are part of humans' social environment and present numerous benefits. Each partner in a human-animal interaction uses signals emitted by the other (e.g. postures, gestures or gaze directions) to collect information to adjust their behaviour. Face processing impairment is associated with...

  2. Measuring dog-owner relationships: crossing boundaries between animal behaviour and human psychology

    Contributor(s):: Rehn, T., Keeling, L. J.

    Previous research suggests that dogs (Canis familiaris) form attachment bonds to their owners and that the strengths of the attachment can vary. However, it does not seem reasonable to believe that all dogs share the same attachment style, considering their differences in genetic background,...

  3. Therapeutic activities associating the animal, for a better quality of life in the hospital

    Contributor(s):: Didier Vernay

    It is common to say or publish that the Animal-AAA Therapeutic Activities in the hospital are pioneers. This statement becomes false. In France, we now have a history, theoretical foundations, concepts, programs and current experiments that deny this position (ref. "The dog: a partner of...

  4. Piglets call for maternal attention: vocal behaviour in Sus scrofa domesticus is modulated by mother's proximity

    Contributor(s):: Iacobucci, P., Colonnello, V., D'Antuono, L., Cloutier, S., Newberry, R. C.

    Plasticity in the production of "separation distress" vocalizations, and seeking of caregivers beyond mere satisfaction of immediate physiological needs, are manifestations of attachment that we investigated in the domestic pig ( Sus scrofa domesticus). Female piglets from eight litters were...

  5. The major welfare problems of dairy cows in French commercial farms: an epidemiological approach

    Contributor(s):: Roches, A. de B. des, Veissier, I., Coignard, M., Bareille, N., Guatteo, R., Capdeville, J., Gilot-Fromont, E., Mounier, L.

    Animal welfare enhancement requires that problems are reliably identified and ranked in order to prioritise corrective actions. Welfare problems vary with the conditions in which animals are maintained. The objectives were to highlight major welfare problems for dairy cows on farms in France, and...

  6. I like my dog, does my dog like me?

    Contributor(s):: Rehn, T., Lindholm, U., Keeling, L., Forkman, B.

    In this study, the possibility of there being an association between how an owner perceives his/her relationship to their dog and the way the dog experiences the relationship to its owner was investigated using two well-established methods within the anthrozoology literature. Twenty dog-owner...

  7. Intraspecific attachment in adult domestic dogs ( Canis familiaris): preliminary results

    Contributor(s):: Mariti, C., Carlone, B., Ricci, E., Sighieri, C., Gazzano, A.

    Canis familiaris is a highly social species. Among the social relationships between two individuals, a particular case is represented by attachment bonds. The aim of the current study was to assess whether the bond between adult cohabitant dogs may be regarded as attachment. Twenty-two couples of...

  8. Lateralization of agonistic and vigilance responses in Przewalski horses ( Equus przewalskii)

    Contributor(s):: Austin, N. P., Rogers, L. J.

    Eye and limb preferences were scored in the closest undomesticated relative of Equus caballus using the same methods as used previously to study laterality in feral horses. Observations were made of 33 Przewalski horses ( Equus ferus przewalskii) (male N=20, female N=13) living under natural...

  9. Behavioural reactivity, social and cognitive abilities of Vietnamese and Pitman-Moore weaned piglets

    Contributor(s):: Val-Laillet, D., Tallet, C., Guerin, C., Meunier-Salaun, M. C.

  10. Loading density and welfare of goat kids during long distance road transport

    Contributor(s):: Hindle, V. A., Reimert, H. G. M., Werf, J. T. N. van der, Lambooij, E.

  11. The welfare of growing pigs in five different production systems in France and Spain: assessment of health

    Contributor(s):: Temple, D., Courboulay, V., Velarde, A., Dalmau, A., Manteca, X.

  12. Human direct actions may alter animal welfare, a study on horses ( Equus caballus )

    Contributor(s):: Lesimple, C., Fureix, C., Menguy, H., Hausberger, M.

    Background: Back pain is the cause of bad welfare in humans and animals. Although vertebral problems are regularly reported on riding horses, these problems are not always identified nor noticed enough to prevent these horses to be used for work. Methodology/Principal Findings: Nineteen horses...

  13. Temporal association between food distribution and human caregiver presence and the development of affinity to humans in lambs

    Contributor(s):: Tallet, C., Veissier, I., Boivin, X.

    The presence of the caregiver around feeding favors the development of a human-animal relationship. To understand the underlying mechanism, we tested various temporal associations between food distribution and human presence: from an early age, a person was repeatedly present for 2 min just...

  14. Intake rate, intake per bite and time per bite of lactating ewes on vegetative and reproductive swards

    Contributor(s):: Prache, S.

    Rotational grazing by 8 Ile de France ewes, was examined in a cocksfoot (Dactylis glomerata cv. Lucifer) sward at a vegetative or reproductive (appearance of first flowerheads in the canopy) stage. Measurements were made during progressive grazing down of 1030-msuperscript 2 paddocks. Regression...

  15. Separation distress in artificially-reared lambs depends on human presence and the number of conspecifics

    Contributor(s):: Rault, J. L., Boissy, A., Boivin, X.

    The way animals perceive partners, including humans, is yet relatively unknown. Research has shown that humans can provide social support or act as social substitute for domestic animals. Nonetheless, studies investigating the perception of humans by domestic animals in their social environment,...

  16. The behavior of the domestic dog ( Canis familiaris ) during separation from and reunion with the owner: a questionnaire and an experimental study

    Contributor(s):: Konok, V., Doka, A., Miklosi, A.

    We have constructed a questionnaire to investigate the separation behavior in a sample of family dogs (Canis familiaris) (N=45) and in parallel we have observed dogs' separation-related behavior in a simple behavioral test (Separation and greeting test, S&G). We recorded the dogs' behavior...

  17. Breed differences in canine aggression

    Contributor(s):: Duffy, D. L., Hsu, Y. Y., Serpell, J. A.

    Canine aggression poses serious public health and animal welfare concerns. Most of what is understood about breed differences in aggression comes from reports based on bite statistics, behaviour clinic caseloads, and experts' opinions. Information on breed-specific aggressiveness derived from...

  18. The level of social contact affects social behaviour in pre-weaned dairy calves

    Contributor(s):: Duve, L. R., Jensen, M. B.

    The present study investigated the effects of the level of social contact in the home environment on the social preference, bonding and social behaviour of pre-weaned dairy calves. Twenty-seven pairs of calves were reared from birth until 6 weeks either individually (with limited social contact...

  19. The relationship between farmers' attitude and behaviour towards calves, and productivity of veal units

    Contributor(s):: Lensink, J., Boissy, A., Veissier, I.

    Although veal production is highly standardized, there still remains variability in productivity between farms, which might be due to the farmers' behaviour towards their animals, which in turn depends on their attitude towards animals. 50 affiliated with the same veal company were studied. The...

  20. Rangifer and man: an ancient relationship

    Contributor(s):: Gordon, B.

    A long-term relationship between Rangifer and humans is documented in three case studies: the Canadian Barrenlands (8000 years ago to Historic period), Ice-Age France (11 000-19 000 years ago) and Mesolithic Russia (7000-10 000 years ago). Ancient human and herd migration occurred in all areas,...