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  1. Face processing of animal and human static stimuli by children with autism spectrum disorder: a pilot study

    Contributor(s):: Grandgeorge, M., Degrez, C., Alavi, Z., Lemonnier, E.

    Animals are part of humans' social environment and present numerous benefits. Each partner in a human-animal interaction uses signals emitted by the other (e.g. postures, gestures or gaze directions) to collect information to adjust their behaviour. Face processing impairment is associated with...

  2. Des exploitations intensives d'huitres pendant l'Antiquite et le Moyen Age sur le littoral atlantique francais: l'exemple de Beauvoir-sur-Mer (Vendee)

    Contributor(s):: Dupont, C., Rouzeau, N.

    Along the European Atlantic facade, the consumption of flat oysters (Ostrea edulis Linnaeus, 1758) has been known since the Mesolithic era (Gutierrez-Zugasti et al. 2011). This observation is also true for French coasts (Dupont 2006). Especially during Antiquity, the exploitation of this species...

  3. Socio-economic changes and their implication in the consumption and trade of meat during the La Tene period in Northern France: the cases of the Villeneuve-Saint-Germain and Conde-sur-Suippe (Aisne) oppida

    Contributor(s):: Paris, P. E.

    Over the last two centuries B.C., Northern Gaul is confronted with a severe socio-political crisis revealed by a phase of considerable urban development. The re-organization of the territory deeply alters the landscape of Belgic Gaul as the signs of actual Gallic city-states emerge. This rapid...

  4. Intensive exploitation of oysters during Antiquity and the Middle Ages on the French Atlantic coast: the example of Beauvoir-sur-Mer (Vendee)Des exploitations intensives d'huitres pendant l'Antiquite et le Moyen Age sur le littoral atlantique francai

    Contributor(s):: Dupont, C., Rouzeau, N.

    Along the European Atlantic facade, the consumption of flat oysters (Ostrea edulis Linnaeus, 1758) has been known since the Mesolithic era (Gutierrez-Zugasti et al. 2011). This observation is also true for French coasts (Dupont 2006). Especially during Antiquity, the exploitation of this species...

  5. The major welfare problems of dairy cows in French commercial farms: an epidemiological approach

    Contributor(s):: Roches, A. de B. des, Veissier, I., Coignard, M., Bareille, N., Guatteo, R., Capdeville, J., Gilot-Fromont, E., Mounier, L.

    Animal welfare enhancement requires that problems are reliably identified and ranked in order to prioritise corrective actions. Welfare problems vary with the conditions in which animals are maintained. The objectives were to highlight major welfare problems for dairy cows on farms in France, and...

  6. Les tueries de dauphins en Mediterranee ou l'impossible rationalisation d'un massacre (XIXe Siece- Milieu XXe Siecle).

    Contributor(s):: Faget, Daniel

  7. Lateralization of agonistic and vigilance responses in Przewalski horses ( Equus przewalskii)

    Contributor(s):: Austin, N. P., Rogers, L. J.

    Eye and limb preferences were scored in the closest undomesticated relative of Equus caballus using the same methods as used previously to study laterality in feral horses. Observations were made of 33 Przewalski horses ( Equus ferus przewalskii) (male N=20, female N=13) living under natural...

  8. Loading density and welfare of goat kids during long distance road transport

    Contributor(s):: Hindle, V. A., Reimert, H. G. M., Werf, J. T. N. van der, Lambooij, E.

  9. The welfare of growing pigs in five different production systems in France and Spain: assessment of health

    Contributor(s):: Temple, D., Courboulay, V., Velarde, A., Dalmau, A., Manteca, X.

  10. Human direct actions may alter animal welfare, a study on horses ( Equus caballus )

    Contributor(s):: Lesimple, C., Fureix, C., Menguy, H., Hausberger, M.

    Background: Back pain is the cause of bad welfare in humans and animals. Although vertebral problems are regularly reported on riding horses, these problems are not always identified nor noticed enough to prevent these horses to be used for work. Methodology/Principal Findings: Nineteen horses...

  11. Democracy at its best? The consensus conference in a cross-national perspective. (Special Issue: Ethical tools.)

    Contributor(s):: Nielsen, A. P., Lassen, J., Sandoe, P.

    Over recent decades, public participation in technology assessment has spread internationally as an attempt to overcome or prevent societal conflicts over controversial technologies. One outcome of this new surge in public consultation initiatives has been the increased use of participatory...

  12. Farming and landscape management: how French farmers are coping with the ecologization of their activities

    Contributor(s):: Deuffic, P., Candau, J.

    In Europe, an increasing share of public subsidies for food production is being transferred towards the production of goods and environmental services. Today, farmers hesitate between the quest for technical and economic performance, which has been the paradigm of their professional activities...

  13. Naturalness and conservation in France

    Contributor(s):: Schnitzler, A., Genot, J. C., Wintz, M., Hale, B. W.

    This article discusses the ecological and cultural criteria underlying the management practices for protected areas in France. It examines the evolution of French conservation from its roots in the 19th century, when it focused on the protection of scenic landscapes, to current times when the...

  14. The food debate: ethical versus substantial equivalence. (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)

    Contributor(s):: Pouteau, S.

    Substantial equivalence (SE) has been introduced to assess novel foods, including genetically modified (GM) food, by means of comparison with traditional food. Besides a number of objections concerning its scientific validity for risk assessment, the main difficulty with SE is that it implies...

  15. Temporal association between food distribution and human caregiver presence and the development of affinity to humans in lambs

    Contributor(s):: Tallet, C., Veissier, I., Boivin, X.

    The presence of the caregiver around feeding favors the development of a human-animal relationship. To understand the underlying mechanism, we tested various temporal associations between food distribution and human presence: from an early age, a person was repeatedly present for 2 min just...

  16. Intake rate, intake per bite and time per bite of lactating ewes on vegetative and reproductive swards

    Contributor(s):: Prache, S.

    Rotational grazing by 8 Ile de France ewes, was examined in a cocksfoot (Dactylis glomerata cv. Lucifer) sward at a vegetative or reproductive (appearance of first flowerheads in the canopy) stage. Measurements were made during progressive grazing down of 1030-msuperscript 2 paddocks. Regression...

  17. Breed differences in canine aggression

    Contributor(s):: Duffy, D. L., Hsu, Y. Y., Serpell, J. A.

    Canine aggression poses serious public health and animal welfare concerns. Most of what is understood about breed differences in aggression comes from reports based on bite statistics, behaviour clinic caseloads, and experts' opinions. Information on breed-specific aggressiveness derived from...

  18. The relationship between farmers' attitude and behaviour towards calves, and productivity of veal units

    Contributor(s):: Lensink, J., Boissy, A., Veissier, I.

    Although veal production is highly standardized, there still remains variability in productivity between farms, which might be due to the farmers' behaviour towards their animals, which in turn depends on their attitude towards animals. 50 affiliated with the same veal company were studied. The...

  19. Rangifer and man: an ancient relationship

    Contributor(s):: Gordon, B.

    A long-term relationship between Rangifer and humans is documented in three case studies: the Canadian Barrenlands (8000 years ago to Historic period), Ice-Age France (11 000-19 000 years ago) and Mesolithic Russia (7000-10 000 years ago). Ancient human and herd migration occurred in all areas,...

  20. Dogs a sentinels of human risk from environmental origin: interest for saturnim prevention; first study conducted in the Alfort French Veterinary School

    Contributor(s):: Enriquez, B., Hakou, G., Tabaries, A., Revol, B., Moal, J. le, Sasco, A., Benet, J. J.

    A study was carried out at the Alfort Veterinary School to apply the concept of sentinel animals to environmental toxicology, associated with pet epidemiology. The recruitment, with owners' consent, of adequate dogs (over 10 kg) in sufficient number, at the School's attending clinics has made it...