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Tags: Pets and companion animals

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  1. CONTEMPORARY MAYAN GROUPS' CONCEPTS ABOUT ANIMALS

    Contributor(s):: Fernando Guerrero Martinez

    The concepts Mayan groups have regarding fauna involve knowledge and practices that result from sharp observation of their surroundings. This paper articulates important aspects of human-animal interaction in order to demonstrate the complexity underlying the notion of what animals mean in the...

  2. An empirical examination of the conceptualization of companion animals

    The results provide information on the relative importance of salient attributes and thus indicate which attributes that are important to consider, for example, when analyzing human-animal interaction, animal welfare, human health and subjective-well-being, or the economic value of cats and...

  3. Modelling personality, plasticity and predictability in shelter dogs

    Contributor(s):: Conor Goold, Ruth C. Newberry

    Behavioural assessments of shelter dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) typically comprise standardized test batteries conducted at one time point, but test batteries have shown inconsistent predictive validity. Longitudinal behavioural assessments offer an alternative. We modelled longitudinal...

  4. Nasally-Administered Oxytocin Has Limited Effects on Owner-Directed Attachment Behavior in Pet Dogs (Canis lupus familiaris)

    Contributor(s):: Lauren E. Thielke, giovanna renata rosenlicht, Sarina R Saturn, Monique A. R. Udell

    The present study explored the effects of intranasal oxytocin, a naturally occurring hormone, on the behavior of pet dogs during an attachment test. Each dog participated in two testing sessions. On one visit saline was administered nasally, and on another, oxytocin was administered nasally. For...

  5. Dogs in classrooms? At these private schools, pets are all over the place.

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Steve Hendrix

  6. Therapy dogs help calm people under stress

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Patricia Montemurri, L. L. Braiser

  7. The Effects of Pet Visitation and Human Interaction on the Happiness of Retirement Home Residents

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Candace Jean Donaghy, Richard Tucker (adviser)

  8. Determinants of the Level of Care Provided for Various Types and Sizes of Dogs in New Providence, The Bahamas

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: William J. Fielding

    This paper reports the level of care offered 424 dogs, classified as small dogs, large dogs, pit bulls and potcakes (the colloquial name for the local mongrel) in New Providence, The Bahamas. Levels of care that meet the legal minimum –food water and shelter– as well as care...

  9. Pets, Purity and Pollution: Why Conventional Models of Disease Transmission Do Not Work for Pet Rat Owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Charlotte Robin, Elizabeth Perkins, Francine Watkins, Robert Christley

    In the United Kingdom, following the emergence of Seoul hantavirus in pet rat owners in 2012, public health authorities tried to communicate the risk of this zoonotic disease, but had limited success. To explore this lack of engagement with health advice, we conducted in-depth, semi-structured...

  10. I Walk My Dog Because It Makes Me Happy: A Qualitative Study to Understand Why Dogs Motivate Walking and Improved Health

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carri Westgarth, Robert M. Christley, Garry Marvin, Elizabeth Perkins

    Dog walking is a popular everyday physical activity. Dog owners are generally more active than non-owners, but some rarely walk with their dog. The strength of the dog–owner relationship is known to be correlated with dog walking, and this qualitative study investigates why. Twenty-six...

  11. The Interspecies Family: Attitudes and Narratives

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nicole Lynne Owens

    Families are conceptualized and accomplished in increasingly diverse ways in the 21st century. A constructionist framework was utilized to examine a widespread contemporary family form, the interspecies family. This mixed-method approach relied on both quantitative survey data and qualitative...

  12. Validation of a Commercially Available Enzyme ImmunoAssay for the Determination of Oxytocin in Plasma Samples from Seven Domestic Animal Species

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cecile Bienboire-Frosini, Camille Chabaud, Alessandro Cozzi, Elisa Codecasa, Patrick Pageat

    The neurohormone oxytocin (OT) has a broad range of behavioral effects in mammals. It modulates a multitude of social behaviors, e.g., affiliative and sexual interactions. Consequently, the OT role in various animal species is increasingly explored. However, several issues have been raised...

  13. The Human-Animal Bond and Combat-Related Posttraumatic Stress

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Melissa White

    This study explored the lived experiences of Operational Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) service members with combatrelated posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms who had a companion animal postdeployment. Twelve OEF and OIF veterans participated in...

  14. Can you spare 15 min? The measurable positive impact of a 15-min petting session on shelter dog well-being

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ragen T. S. McGowan, Cynthia Bolte, Hallie R. Barnett, Gerardo Perez-Camargo, François Martin

    It is well established that human interaction has positive effects on shelter dogs. This work set out to answer the question: “Does one 15-min petting session make a difference for shelter dogs?” Fifty-five dogs were subject to one 15-min petting session with one of five unfamiliar...

  15. Assessment of Recent Cases of Animal Hoarding in Germany: The Challenge for Animal Shelters and Public Authorities

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sophie Arnold, Henriette Mackensen, Evelyn Ofensberger, Brigitte Rusche

    Animal hoarding is a severe problem in the field of human-animal interaction. The goal of this study was to assess the current situation of animal hoarding in Germany. Reports of animal hoarding cases were collected from animal shelters and public media between January 2012 and December 2015;...

  16. Human-animal interaction as a social determinant of health: descriptive findings from the health and retirement study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Megan Kiely Mueller, Nancy Dreschel, Regina M. Bures

    Background We focused on human-animal interaction (HAI) as an important aspect of social functioning at the individual level, framing this emerging field from a public health perspective. Methods Using data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) 2012 HAI module, we describe the...

  17. The Effect of Pet Ownership on ESL Students' U.S. Academic Success

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Emily Benjumea

    This study examines the academic success of English as a second language (ESL) students based on ownership of and/or relationship with a pet, due to pets’ ability to benefit and support their owners. A survey was compiled for middle school, ESL students in the Fayetteville, Arkansas...

  18. The Processing of Human Emotional Faces by Pet and Lab Dogs: Evidence for Lateralization and Experience Effects

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anjuli L.A. Barber, Dania Randi, Corsin A. Müller, Ludwig Huber

    From all non-human animals dogs are very likely the best decoders of human behavior. In addition to a high sensitivity to human attentive status and to ostensive cues, they are able to distinguish between individual human faces and even between human facial expressions. However, so far little...

  19. Parent perceptions of the quality of life of pet dogs living with neuro-typically developing and neuro-atypically developing children: An exploratory study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sophie S. Hall, Hannah F. Wright, Daniel S. Mills

    There is growing scientific and societal recognition of the role that pet dogs can play in healthy development of children; both those who are neuro-typically developing and those who live with a neuro-developmental disorder, such as autism or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. However,...

  20. The Truth about Humans: The Decision to Adopt Dogs & Cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Leann Stadtlander

    Millions of dogs and cats are adopted from animal shelters every year, however, little is known about why specific animals are adopted. This study examines the qualitative comments given by adopters of cats and dogs for selecting specific animals. Differences between the species and insights...