The beneficial effects of horse trekking on autonomic nervous activity in experienced rider with no disability
Contributor(s):: Matsuura, A., Maruta, H.
Effects of a Form of Equine-Facilitated Learning on Heart Rate Variability, Immune Function, and Self-Esteem in Older Adults
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Contributor(s):: Ann L. Baldwin, Barbara K. Rector, Ann C. Alden
Equine-facilitated learning (EFL) helps people access their immediate sensations and feelings because horses, as prey animals, are continually aware of their environment and provide instant feedback to human behaviors and emotions. We hypothesize that during EFL, older people become more aware...
Monty Roberts' Public Demonstrations: Preliminary Report on the Heart Rate and Heart Rate Variability of Horses Undergoing Training during Live Audience Events
Contributor(s):: Loni Loftus, Kelly Marks, Rosie Jones-McVey, Jose L. Gonzales, Veronica L. Fowler
Effective training of horses relies on the trainer’s awareness of learning theory and equine ethology, and should be undertaken with skill and time. Some trainers, such as Monty Roberts, share their methods through the medium of public demonstrations. This paper describes the opportunistic...
Hippotherapy acute impact on heart rate variability non-linear dynamics in neurological disorders
Contributor(s):: Cabiddu, R.
Behavioural, endocrine and cardiac autonomic responses to a model of startle in horses
Contributor(s):: Villas-Boas, J. D., Dias, D. P. M., Trigo, P. I., Almeida, N. A. dos S., Almeida, F. Q. de, Medeiros, M. A. de
Startle is a fast response elicited by sudden acoustic, tactile or visual stimuli in a variety of animal species and in humans. The magnitude of startle response can be modulated by external and internal variables and can be a useful tool to study the sensory-motor integration in animals....
Interactions with Horses is Associated with Higher Mindfulness and Heart Rate Variability and Lower Electrodermal Response in College Students
Contributor(s):: Sarah Mary Wach
A wealth of research has revealed psychological and physiological benefits of interactions with animals. As yet, research is limited to smaller animals such as dogs and cats and has not examined the benefits of human-horse interactions. The present study examined the effects of video-simulated...
A trained demonstrator has a calming effect on naive horses when crossing a novel surface
Contributor(s):: Rorvang, M. V., Ahrendt, L. P., Christensen, J. W.
Habituated horses have been found to have a calming effect on conspecifics in fear-eliciting situations. In practice, experienced horses are often used as companions when young horses are introduced to potentially frightening situations, like loading onto a trailer. However, studies of social...
Exploring synchronicity in the heart rates of familiar and unfamiliar pairs of horses and humans undertaking an in-hand task
Contributor(s):: Hockenhull, J., Young, T. J., Redgate, S. E., Birke, L.
Physiological responses that occur in horses and humans during their interactions, on the ground and during ridden work, have been investigated in a number of studies with some conflicting results. These suggest that in some situations emotional state may be transferred from humans to horses and...
Heart rate changes in the horse to human contact
Contributor(s):: Lynch, J. J., Fregin, G. F., Mackie, J. B., Monroe, R. R., Jr.
Are results of Crib Opening Test connected with efficacy of training horses in a round-pen?
Contributor(s):: Wilk, I., Kedzierski, W., Stachurska, A., Janczarek, I.
Training the horse is based on human-horse relationship, which requires that the horse shows active, conscious behaviour as well as an ability to learn. It was hypothesized that the horse's learning skill to open the crib is correlated with the effectiveness of training. The aim of the study was...
Measuring heart rate variability in horses to investigate the autonomic nervous system activity - pros and cons of different methods
Contributor(s):: Stucke, D., Ruse, M. G., Lebelt, D.
Power spectrum analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) may provide insight into the mental state of the animal held in restricted specific experimental conditions. Determining inter-beat-interval (IBI) variations is one way to measure changes in autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity in horses....
No increased stress response in horses on small and electrically fenced paddocks
Contributor(s):: Glauser, A., Burger, D., Dorland, H. A. van, Gygax, L., Bachmann, I., Howald, M., Bruckmaier, R. M.
Regular free movement is an important factor for the wellbeing of horses, reducing the risk of behavioural disorders as well as maintaining bodily functions healthy. Currently animal welfare legislations in several countries require minimal stay times in outdoor enclosures. However, clear legal...
The effects of a high-starch or high-fibre diet on equine reactivity and handling behaviour
Contributor(s):: Bulmer, L., McBride, S., Williams, K., Murray, J. A.
Increasing performance work in the horse is often associated with a reduction in the forage ration and an increase in concentrates, usually in the form of high-starch cereal grains. This type of diet has been associated with stereotypic behaviours and health problems. High-starch diets are also...
A nonnatural head-neck position ( Rollkur ) during training results in less acute stress in elite, trained, dressage horses
Contributor(s):: Breda, E. van
This study measured parameters of stress in recreational, trained horses (REC; n=7) and elite (International Grand Prix level) trained, dressage horses (DRES; n=5). The training of the DRES horses uses an unnatural head-neck position (Rollkur), whereas in the REC horses such training techniques...
Assessing the rider's seat and horse's behavior: difficulties and perspectives. (Special Issue: Equitation science.)
Contributor(s):: Blokhuis, M. Z., Aronsson, A., Hartmann, E., Reenen, C. G. van, Keeling, L.
A correct seat and position are the basis for a good performance in horseback riding. This study aimed to measure deviations from the correct seat, test a seat improvement program (dismounted exercises), and investigate whether horse behaviour was affected by the rider's seat. Five experienced...
Is it a good idea to train fillies and colts separately?
Contributor(s):: Janczarek, I., Kedzierski, W.
This study compared the physiological response to novel situations in sex-separated and sex-mixed groups of horses, as measured by heart rate (HR). The study evaluated the possibility of training horses in a mixed-sex system. The study included 41 Purebred Arabian 21/2-year-olds during their...
The welfare of young Polish Konik horses subjected to agricultural workload
Contributor(s):: Kedzierski, W., Pluta, M.
Every year a new group of young Polish Konik colts are separated from the forest herds to be trained in the stable breeding system. The aim of this study was to evaluate how the young Polish Konik horses who had been born in a forest reserve adapt to and tolerate draft work. Two groups of 6...
Trailer loading stress in horses: behavioral and physiological effects of nonaversive training (TTEAM)
Contributor(s):: Shanahan, S.
Resistance in the horse to trailer loading is a common source of stress and injury to horses and their handlers. The objective of this study was to determine whether non-aversive training based on the Tellington-Touch Equine Awareness Method (TTEAM; Tellington-Jones & Bruns, 1988) would decrease...
Effect of classic massage therapy on the heart rate of horses working in hippotherapy. Case study
Contributor(s):: Lojek, J., Lojek, A., Soborska, J.
The objective of this study was determine the effect of classical massage therapy on heart rate in horses working in hippotherapy. We hypothesised that massage can be used to improve the horse's welfare, because it mentally relaxes the horse. The relationship between variables were examined to...
Sex differences in the response of yearling horses to handling by unfamiliar humans
Contributor(s):: Wulf, Manuela, Aurich, Jörg, May, Ann-Cathrin, Aurich, Christine