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  1. Effects of Short-Term Human-Horse Interactions on Human Heart Rate Variability: A Multiple Single Case Study

    | Contributor(s):: Saan Ecker, Amy Lykins

  2. Heart Rate and Heart Rate Variability during Sleep in Family Dogs (Canis familiaris). Moderate Effect of Pre-Sleep Emotions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bence Varga, Anna Gergely, Agoston Galambos, Anna Kis

    It is common knowledge that negative emotions in humans are accompanied by both impaired subjective experience as well as maladaptive changes in behavior and physiology. The present paper investigates heart rate—one of the most commonly used emotion-related physiology measures—in...

  3. Effects of a Form of Equine-Facilitated Learning on Heart Rate Variability, Immune Function, and Self-Esteem in Older Adults

    | Contributor(s):: Ann L. Baldwin, Barbara K. Rector, Ann C. Alden

    Equine-facilitated learning (EFL) helps people access their immediate sensations and feelings because horses, as prey animals, are continually aware of their environment and provide instant feedback to human behaviors and emotions. We hypothesize that during EFL, older people become more aware...

  4. Human-animal interactions and safety during dairy cattle handling - comparing moving cows to milking and hoof trimming

    | Contributor(s):: Lindahl, C., Pinzke, S., Herlin, A., Keeling, L. J.

    Cattle handling is a dangerous activity on dairy farms, and cows are a major cause of injuries to livestock handlers. Even if dairy cows are generally tranquil and docile, when situations occur that they perceive or remember as aversive, they may become agitated and hazardous to handle. This...

  5. Monty Roberts' Public Demonstrations: Preliminary Report on the Heart Rate and Heart Rate Variability of Horses Undergoing Training during Live Audience Events

    | Contributor(s):: Loni Loftus, Kelly Marks, Rosie Jones-McVey, Jose L. Gonzales, Veronica L. Fowler

    Effective training of horses relies on the trainer’s awareness of learning theory and equine ethology, and should be undertaken with skill and time. Some trainers, such as Monty Roberts, share their methods through the medium of public demonstrations. This paper describes the opportunistic...

  6. Puppy temperament assessments predict breed and American Kennel Club group but not adult temperament

    | Contributor(s):: Robinson, L. M., Thompson, R. S., Ha, J. C.

    Puppy assessments for companion dogs have shown mixed long-term reliability. Temperament is cited among the reasons for surrendering dogs to shelters. A puppy temperament test that reliably predicts adult behavior is one potential way to lower the number of dogs given to shelters. This study used...

  7. Behavioural, endocrine and cardiac autonomic responses to a model of startle in horses

    | Contributor(s):: Villas-Boas, J. D., Dias, D. P. M., Trigo, P. I., Almeida, N. A. dos S., Almeida, F. Q. de, Medeiros, M. A. de

    Startle is a fast response elicited by sudden acoustic, tactile or visual stimuli in a variety of animal species and in humans. The magnitude of startle response can be modulated by external and internal variables and can be a useful tool to study the sensory-motor integration in animals....

  8. Pinch-induced behavioural inhibition (clipthesia) as a restraint method for cats during veterinary examinations: preliminary results on cat susceptibility and welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Nuti, V., Cantile, C., Gazzano, A., Sighieri, C., Mariti, C.

    Cats are often subjected to minimally painful or forced procedures during routine clinical practice, which can be poorly tolerated, leading veterinary surgeons to need to offer physical restraint, usually aided by an assistant. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness and ultimate...

  9. Interactions with Horses is Associated with Higher Mindfulness and Heart Rate Variability and Lower Electrodermal Response in College Students

    | Contributor(s):: Sarah Mary Wach

    A wealth of research has revealed psychological and physiological benefits of interactions with animals. As yet, research is limited to smaller animals such as dogs and cats and has not examined the benefits of human-horse interactions. The present study examined the effects of video-simulated...

  10. The "pet effect": physiological calming in the presence of canines

    | Contributor(s):: Wheeler, E. A., Faulkner, M. E.

    The "pet effect," whereby interaction with a companion animal reduces the physiological indices of stress, varies with respect to fear of animals, companion animal guardianship, type of companion animal, or types of stress. In this study, a non-clinical sample of 223 undergraduates underwent the...

  11. A trained demonstrator has a calming effect on naive horses when crossing a novel surface

    | Contributor(s):: Rorvang, M. V., Ahrendt, L. P., Christensen, J. W.

    Habituated horses have been found to have a calming effect on conspecifics in fear-eliciting situations. In practice, experienced horses are often used as companions when young horses are introduced to potentially frightening situations, like loading onto a trailer. However, studies of social...

  12. The influence of gentle interactions on avoidance distance towards humans, weight gain and physiological parameters in group-housed dairy calves

    | Contributor(s):: Lurzel, S., Munsch, C., Windschnurer, I., Futschik, A., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.

    The quality of the relationship between cattle and their caretakers is important for animal welfare and productivity. Nevertheless, the influence of gentle interactions on group-housed dairy calves has not been thoroughly studied so far. We examined the effects of 42 min of gentle interactions...

  13. Exploring synchronicity in the heart rates of familiar and unfamiliar pairs of horses and humans undertaking an in-hand task

    | Contributor(s):: Hockenhull, J., Young, T. J., Redgate, S. E., Birke, L.

    Physiological responses that occur in horses and humans during their interactions, on the ground and during ridden work, have been investigated in a number of studies with some conflicting results. These suggest that in some situations emotional state may be transferred from humans to horses and...

  14. The psychological and physiological effects of using a therapy dog in mindfulness training

    | Contributor(s):: Henry, C. L., Crowley, S. L.

    The present study was a randomized controlled trial examining the psychological and physiological effects of adding animal-assisted therapy (AAT) to a modified Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction program (MBSR) for clients experiencing psychological distress. It was hypothesized that AAT would...

  15. Does physical contact with a dog or person affect performance of a working memory task?

    | Contributor(s):: Gee, N. R., Friedmann, E., Coglitore, V., Fisk, A., Stendahl, M.

    Working memory (WM) plays a critical role in the execution of a wide variety of cognitive tasks and predicts academic success. This study was designed to compare the impact of the presence of a dog or a person, and physical contact with them, on the performance of a WM task. It also examined...

  16. Effects of gentle interactions on the relationship with humans and on stress-related parameters in group-housed calves

    | Contributor(s):: Lurzel, S., Windschnurer, I., Futschik, A., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.

    Although the relationship between farm animals and humans has strong implications for animal welfare and productivity, there have been few experimental studies on the influence of gentle interactions in group-housed calves. In the present study, Austrian Simmental calves were housed in groups of...

  17. Are results of Crib Opening Test connected with efficacy of training horses in a round-pen?

    | Contributor(s):: Wilk, I., Kedzierski, W., Stachurska, A., Janczarek, I.

    Training the horse is based on human-horse relationship, which requires that the horse shows active, conscious behaviour as well as an ability to learn. It was hypothesized that the horse's learning skill to open the crib is correlated with the effectiveness of training. The aim of the study was...

  18. Measuring heart rate variability in horses to investigate the autonomic nervous system activity - pros and cons of different methods

    | Contributor(s):: Stucke, D., Ruse, M. G., Lebelt, D.

    Power spectrum analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) may provide insight into the mental state of the animal held in restricted specific experimental conditions. Determining inter-beat-interval (IBI) variations is one way to measure changes in autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity in horses....

  19. No increased stress response in horses on small and electrically fenced paddocks

    | Contributor(s):: Glauser, A., Burger, D., Dorland, H. A. van, Gygax, L., Bachmann, I., Howald, M., Bruckmaier, R. M.

    Regular free movement is an important factor for the wellbeing of horses, reducing the risk of behavioural disorders as well as maintaining bodily functions healthy. Currently animal welfare legislations in several countries require minimal stay times in outdoor enclosures. However, clear legal...

  20. Stress assessment in small ruminants kept on city farms in Southern Germany

    | Contributor(s):: Schilling, A. K., Reese, S., Palme, R., Erhard, M., Wohr, A. C.

    Sheep and goats are frequently used in nonhuman animal-assisted activities on city farms. There are few data available on this type of usage of small ruminants. Health evaluations, behavioral observations (feeding, resting, comfort, explorative and social behaviors), behavioral tests (human...