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  1. Effects of Short-Term Human-Horse Interactions on Human Heart Rate Variability: A Multiple Single Case Study

    | Contributor(s):: Saan Ecker, Amy Lykins

  2. Effects of a Form of Equine-Facilitated Learning on Heart Rate Variability, Immune Function, and Self-Esteem in Older Adults

    | Contributor(s):: Ann L. Baldwin, Barbara K. Rector, Ann C. Alden

    Equine-facilitated learning (EFL) helps people access their immediate sensations and feelings because horses, as prey animals, are continually aware of their environment and provide instant feedback to human behaviors and emotions. We hypothesize that during EFL, older people become more aware...

  3. Human-animal interactions and safety during dairy cattle handling - comparing moving cows to milking and hoof trimming

    | Contributor(s):: Lindahl, C., Pinzke, S., Herlin, A., Keeling, L. J.

    Cattle handling is a dangerous activity on dairy farms, and cows are a major cause of injuries to livestock handlers. Even if dairy cows are generally tranquil and docile, when situations occur that they perceive or remember as aversive, they may become agitated and hazardous to handle. This...

  4. Human-animal interactions and safety during dairy cattle handling--Comparing moving cows to milking and hoof trimming

    | Contributor(s):: Lindahl, C., Pinzke, S., Herlin, A., Keeling, L. J.

  5. Physiological and Behavioral Responses of Horses to Wither Scratching and Patting the Neck When Under Saddle

    | Contributor(s):: Thorbergson, Z. W., Nielsen, S. G., Beaulieu, R. J., Doyle, R. E.

  6. Changes in human health parameters associated with a touch tank experience at a zoological institution

    | Contributor(s):: Sahrmann, John M., Niedbalski, Amy, Bradshaw, Louise, Johnson, Rebecca, Deem, Sharon L.

  7. Effects of a brief mindfulness meditation intervention on student stress and heart rate variability

    | Contributor(s):: Shearer, Annie, Hunt, Melissa, Chowdhury, Mifta, Nicol, Lorena

  8. Behavioural, endocrine and cardiac autonomic responses to a model of startle in horses

    | Contributor(s):: Villas-Boas, J. D., Dias, D. P. M., Trigo, P. I., Almeida, N. A. dos S., Almeida, F. Q. de, Medeiros, M. A. de

    Startle is a fast response elicited by sudden acoustic, tactile or visual stimuli in a variety of animal species and in humans. The magnitude of startle response can be modulated by external and internal variables and can be a useful tool to study the sensory-motor integration in animals....

  9. Pinch-induced behavioural inhibition (clipthesia) as a restraint method for cats during veterinary examinations: preliminary results on cat susceptibility and welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Nuti, V., Cantile, C., Gazzano, A., Sighieri, C., Mariti, C.

    Cats are often subjected to minimally painful or forced procedures during routine clinical practice, which can be poorly tolerated, leading veterinary surgeons to need to offer physical restraint, usually aided by an assistant. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness and ultimate...

  10. The "pet effect": physiological calming in the presence of canines

    | Contributor(s):: Wheeler, E. A., Faulkner, M. E.

    The "pet effect," whereby interaction with a companion animal reduces the physiological indices of stress, varies with respect to fear of animals, companion animal guardianship, type of companion animal, or types of stress. In this study, a non-clinical sample of 223 undergraduates underwent the...

  11. Effects of gentle interactions on the relationship with humans and on stress-related parameters in group-housed calves

    | Contributor(s):: Lurzel, S., Windschnurer, I., Futschik, A., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.

    Although the relationship between farm animals and humans has strong implications for animal welfare and productivity, there have been few experimental studies on the influence of gentle interactions in group-housed calves. In the present study, Austrian Simmental calves were housed in groups of...

  12. No increased stress response in horses on small and electrically fenced paddocks

    | Contributor(s):: Glauser, A., Burger, D., Dorland, H. A. van, Gygax, L., Bachmann, I., Howald, M., Bruckmaier, R. M.

    Regular free movement is an important factor for the wellbeing of horses, reducing the risk of behavioural disorders as well as maintaining bodily functions healthy. Currently animal welfare legislations in several countries require minimal stay times in outdoor enclosures. However, clear legal...

  13. Stress assessment in small ruminants kept on city farms in Southern Germany

    | Contributor(s):: Schilling, A. K., Reese, S., Palme, R., Erhard, M., Wohr, A. C.

    Sheep and goats are frequently used in nonhuman animal-assisted activities on city farms. There are few data available on this type of usage of small ruminants. Health evaluations, behavioral observations (feeding, resting, comfort, explorative and social behaviors), behavioral tests (human...

  14. The reinforcing value of physical contact and the effect on canine heart rate of grooming in different anatomical areas

    | Contributor(s):: McGreevy, P. D., Righetti, J., Thomson, P. C.

    The human-animal relationship frequently involves physical touch, and this may have benefits for both participants. Grooming of horses at the withers has a calming effect on recipients, a phenomenon regularly used to reward horses. No studies on the effect on heart rate of grooming in different...

  15. Heart rate variability during a working memory task: does touching a dog or person affect the response?

    | Contributor(s):: Gee, N. R., Friedmann, E., Stendahl, M., Fisk, A., Coglitore, V.

    The presence of a dog has been associated with reduced responses to stressors in several, but not all, previous studies. The presence of a dog has also been related to improved performance on some cognitive tasks. The current study was designed to evaluate the effect of touching a dog on stress...

  16. A nonnatural head-neck position ( Rollkur ) during training results in less acute stress in elite, trained, dressage horses

    | Contributor(s):: Breda, E. van

    This study measured parameters of stress in recreational, trained horses (REC; n=7) and elite (International Grand Prix level) trained, dressage horses (DRES; n=5). The training of the DRES horses uses an unnatural head-neck position (Rollkur), whereas in the REC horses such training techniques...

  17. Trailer loading stress in horses: behavioral and physiological effects of nonaversive training (TTEAM)

    | Contributor(s):: Shanahan, S.

    Resistance in the horse to trailer loading is a common source of stress and injury to horses and their handlers. The objective of this study was to determine whether non-aversive training based on the Tellington-Touch Equine Awareness Method (TTEAM; Tellington-Jones & Bruns, 1988) would decrease...

  18. Effects of the level of experience of horses and their riders on cortisol release, heart rate and heart-rate variability during a jumping course

    | Contributor(s):: Ille, N., Lewinski, M. von, Erber, R., Wulf, M., Aurich, J., Mostl, E., Aurich, C.

  19. Heart rate variability in horses engaged in equine-assisted activities

    | Contributor(s):: Gehrke, E. K., Baldwin, A., Schiltz, P. M.

  20. Prenatal stress puzzle, the oxytocin piece: prenatal stress alters the behaviour and autonomic regulation in piglets, insights from oxytocin

    | Contributor(s):: Rault, J. L., Mack, L. A., Carter, C. S., Garner, J. P., Marchant-Forde, J. N., Richert, B. T., Lay, D. C., Jr.