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  1. Head partitions at the feed barrier affect behaviour of goats

    Contributor(s):: Nordmann, E., Barth, K., Futschik, A., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.

    Space allowance at the feeding places often forces goats to feed in close proximity, that is, less than their individual distances. In consequence, agonistic behaviour may increase as well as stress and injuries, while access to feed may decrease, especially in low-ranking goats. Partitions...

  2. A critically appraised topic (CAT) to compare the effects of single and multi-cat housing on physiological and behavioural measures of stress in domestic cats in confined environments

    Full-text: Available

    Contributor(s):: Lauren R Finka, Sarah LH Ellis, Jenny Stavisky

    BackgroundDomestic cats have evolved from solitary, asocial predators and whilst they may display social behaviours, they can still exist as solitary survivors. Over-population and relinquishment of pet cats are ubiquitous problems worldwide, and rehoming centres (also known as rescues/ shelters)...

  3. Associations of behaviour with secretory immunoglobulin A and cortisol in domestic cats during their first week in an animal shelter

    Contributor(s):: Gourkow, N., LaVoy, A., Dean, G. A., Phillips, C. J. C.

    We tested the hypothesis that during their first week in an animal shelter, cats exhibit groups of behaviours that are connected to mucosal immune and adrenal responses. The behaviour of 34 cats was observed from admission to day 5 and immunoglobulin A (S-IgA) and cortisol were quantified from...

  4. Housing of female mice in a new environment and its influence on post-surgical behaviour and recovery

    Contributor(s):: Jirkof, P., Cesarovic, N., Rettich, A., Arras, M.

  5. The impact of light, noise, cage cleaning and in-house transport on welfare and stress of laboratory rats

    Contributor(s):: Castelhano-Carlos, M. J., Baumans, V.

    Human interaction and physical environmental factors are part of the stimuli presented to laboratory animals everyday, influencing their behaviour and physiology and contributing to their welfare. Certain environmental conditions and routine procedures in the animal facility might induce stress...

  6. Alternative housing for sows and litters 1. Effects of sow-controlled housing on responses to weaning

    Contributor(s):: Pajor, E. A., Weary, D. M., Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L.

    A sow-controlled housing system and its affects on production and welfare problems resulting from the abrupt separation of piglets from sows at weaning was investigated. 44 sows and litters were housed during lactation in either a 'confined' pen where the sow and litter were kept together, or a...

  7. Alternative housing for sows and litters: 2. Effects of a communal piglet area on pre- and post-weaning behaviour and performance

    Contributor(s):: Weary, D. M., Pajor, E. A., Bonenfant, M., Ross, S. K., Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L.

    An experiment was conducted to determine how allowing piglets access to a communal area affects pre-weaning and post-weaning behaviour and performance. Litters were housed in pens with sows in crates until piglets reached 11 days of age. For 10 experimental cohorts, barriers between the pens of...

  8. Behaviour of Japanese quail ( Coturnix japonica ) kept in semi-natural aviaries

    Contributor(s):: Schmid, I., Wechsler, B.

    Eight groups of 8 or 9 quails of a domestic strain were housed in aviaries (19.1 msuperscript 2) containing natural soil and vegetation from May to October 1994 in Switzerland. There were 2 groups with hens only and 6 groups of varied sex ratio. A time budget analysis showed that the quails spent...

  9. Behavioural effects of environmental enrichment for individually caged rabbits

    Contributor(s):: Lidfors, L.

    The behavioural effects of providing 60 male New Zealand laboratory rabbits with one of four objects in their individual cages as environmental enrichment were investigated. The rabbits were assigned to one of 5 treatments by a random procedure; hay in a water bottle, grass-cubes, two gnawing...

  10. Effects of grouping piglets and changing sow location on suckling behaviour and performance

    Contributor(s):: Wattanakul, W., Stewart, A. H., Edwards, S. A., English, P. R.

    36 sows and litters were used to study how suckling behaviour was influenced by grouping of piglets and changing sow location under controlled conditions. Control sows (C) remained in farrowing pens with crates until weaning at 28 days. In treatment 1 (T1), piglets from 3 litters were grouped in...

  11. Effects of straw bedding and high fibre diets on the behaviour of floor fed group-housed sows

    Contributor(s):: Whittaker, X., Edwards, S. A., Spoolder, H. A. M., Lawrence, A. B., Corning, S.

    Twenty groups of 7 multiparous Landrace x Large White sows were used in a 2 x 2 factorial design to investigate the effects on behaviour of floor feeding sows the same daily weight of isoenergetic conventional (C) or high fibre (H containing 600 g of unmolassed sugar beet pulp/kg diet) pregnancy...

  12. Oestrus and mating behaviour in gilts during boar induced puberty in relation to stress and housing

    Contributor(s):: Pedersen, L. J., Jensen, K. H., Giersing Linder, A.

    The effect of intermittent electroshock and individual vs. pair housing on sexual proceptive behaviour was studied in 48 large White x Danish Landrace gilts. In addition, the effect of intermittent electroshock on the behavioural response to boar stimulation and on sexual receptivity during first...

  13. A note on the effect of isolation during testing and length of previous confinement on locomotor behaviour during open-field test in dairy calves

    Contributor(s):: Jensen, M. B.

    This study investigated firstly if confined calves perform more locomotor behaviour when open-field tested in pairs than when tested individually, and secondly if length of confinement affects the build-up of motivation to perform locomotor behaviour. In the first experiment, 14 calves were...

  14. Effects of mixed-species stocking and space allowance on the behaviour and growth of red deer hinds and ewes at pasture

    Contributor(s):: Blanc, F., Theriez, M., Brelurut, A.

    A study was conducted to test whether the effects of space allowance on social interactions, activity patterns and growth rates of hinds reared at pasture in single-species groups, were modified by mixing them with ewes. 30 red deer hinds (10 months old) from the same breeding group and 30 ewes...

  15. Housing conditions and behavioural problems of indoor cats as assessed by their owners

    Contributor(s):: Heidenberger, E.

    Housing conditions and behavioural problems of a sample of 1177 cats were described by their 550 owners. Indications for inadequate housing in the light of species-specific needs were analysed. 65.1% of the cats were Domestic European Shorthairs and 78.7% were castrated animals. 87% of the...

  16. Oral/nasal/facial and other behaviors of sows kept individually outdoors on pasture, soil or indoors in gestation crates

    Contributor(s):: Dailey, J. W., McGlone, J. J.

    PIC Camborough-15 sows were housed either on pasture (n=8), on soil (n=8) or in gestation crates (n=16). All were fed 2.0 kg of fortified sorghum-soybean diet each day in pellet form, except half of the crated sows which were fed meal. The occurrences of standing, lying, sitting, feeding,...

  17. Pregnant gilt behavior in outdoor and indoor intensive pork production systems

    Contributor(s):: Dailey, J. W., McGlone, J. J.

    The behaviour of three genotypes of gilts, PIC Camborough-15 (C-15), PIC Camborough-Blue (CB), and YorkxLandrace (YL), were compared in an English-style extensive outdoor production system and an intensive indoor system. Mutually exclusive behaviours were defined and recorded and included...

  18. The behavioural and physiological responses of farmed red deer ( Cervus elaphus ) penned adjacent to other species

    Contributor(s):: Abeyesinghe, S. M., Goddard, P. J., Cockram, M. S.

    This experiment describes the implications of red deer being kept in pens in close proximity to other species as may occur during abattoir lairage. 20 groups of 5 male yearling red deer were used to study behavioural and physiological responses over a 2-h period to 1 of 5 treatments: red deer...

  19. The effects of some factors associated with transportation on the behavioural and physiological reactions of farmed red deer

    Contributor(s):: Grigor, P. N., Goddard, P. J., Cockram, M. S., Rennie, S. C., Macdonald, A. J.

    The effects of several aspects of transportation on the behavioural and physiological responses of red deer (Cervus elaphus) were studied. In two experiments conducted in winter and summer, two groups of five adult male castrated red deer (housed at a space allowance of 2.7 msuperscript 2 per...

  20. The relationship between trough height, feather cover and behaviour of laying hens in modified cages

    Contributor(s):: Freire, R., Walker, A., Nicol, C. J.

    The feather condition and behaviour of ISA Brown laying hens in modified cages with elevated (28 cm above floor) and conventional (6 cm above floor) height feed troughs were measured at 32-34 and 56-59 weeks of age. Feather cover was generally better at the younger age than the older, and in...