A Comparison of Cats (Felis silvestris catus) Housed in Groups and Single Cages at a Shelter: A Retrospective Matched Cohort Study
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Contributor(s):: Malini Suchak, Jacalyn Lamica
When cats are relinquished to shelters, they frequently experience a great deal of stress. Shelters often try to control certain aspects of their environment, such as housing, to help them relax. Some cats are placed in small group rooms upon entry, whereas others are placed in single cages....
No Room to Swing a Cat? Animal Treatment and Urban Space in Singapore
Contributor(s):: Ying-kit Chan
Since Singapore's independence in 1965, the People's Action Party government has launched an extensive urban planning program to transform the island into a modern metropolis. This paper discusses human-animal relations and the management of stray cats in postcolonial Singapore. In...
A critically appraised topic (CAT) to compare the effects of single and multi-cat housing on physiological and behavioural measures of stress in domestic cats in confined environments
Contributor(s):: Lauren R Finka, Sarah LH Ellis, Jenny Stavisky
BackgroundDomestic cats have evolved from solitary, asocial predators and whilst they may display social behaviours, they can still exist as solitary survivors. Over-population and relinquishment of pet cats are ubiquitous problems worldwide, and rehoming centres (also known as rescues/ shelters)...
Alternative housing for sows and litters 1. Effects of sow-controlled housing on responses to weaning
Contributor(s):: Pajor, E. A., Weary, D. M., Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L.
A sow-controlled housing system and its affects on production and welfare problems resulting from the abrupt separation of piglets from sows at weaning was investigated. 44 sows and litters were housed during lactation in either a 'confined' pen where the sow and litter were kept together, or a...
Alternative housing for sows and litters: 2. Effects of a communal piglet area on pre- and post-weaning behaviour and performance
Contributor(s):: Weary, D. M., Pajor, E. A., Bonenfant, M., Ross, S. K., Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L.
An experiment was conducted to determine how allowing piglets access to a communal area affects pre-weaning and post-weaning behaviour and performance. Litters were housed in pens with sows in crates until piglets reached 11 days of age. For 10 experimental cohorts, barriers between the pens of...
Pregnant gilt behavior in outdoor and indoor intensive pork production systems
Contributor(s):: Dailey, J. W., McGlone, J. J.
The behaviour of three genotypes of gilts, PIC Camborough-15 (C-15), PIC Camborough-Blue (CB), and YorkxLandrace (YL), were compared in an English-style extensive outdoor production system and an intensive indoor system. Mutually exclusive behaviours were defined and recorded and included...
A synthesis of the inter-relations animal house, environment, rentability, human and animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Maton, A.
Types of housing for dairy cattle, pigs and poultry are assessed in terms of environmental impact, economic factors and animal and human welfare.
Research approaches for improving the physical welfare and environment of laying hens
Contributor(s):: Tauson, R.
A multiple free choice model for pigs
Contributor(s):: Mwanjali, S., Smidt, D., Ellendorff, F.
A model which takes into consideration previous criticism of multiple free choice systems is proposed. A hexagonal housing system was constructed with 6 identical cubicles, which allowed elimination of all variables except the 1 to be investigated. Barriers could be introduced at the entrance to...
Factors affecting lying behaviour and stall utilization of dairy cattle
Contributor(s):: Arave, C. W., Walters, J. L.
Stall usage under relatively uncrowded conditions by 59 dry Holstein cows and 18 heifers in late pregnancy were evaluated during 24-h periods. Left laterality (lying down on the left side) was observed 74.7 plus or minus 1.1% of the time for cows and 61.8 plus or minus 2.7% of the time for...
Relationship between production factors and dominance in White Leghorn hens in a study on social rank and cage design
Contributor(s):: Cunningham, D. L., Tienhoven, A. van
The effects of social rank and cage shape on feeding frequency, weight gain, production rate, egg size, shell strength and overt aggressive activity were determined for layers housed 6 per cage in deep and shallow cages. Social rank significantly affected feeding frequency, production rate, egg...
An ethological approach to housing requirements of golden hamsters, Mongolian gerbils and fat sand rats in the laboratory - a review
Contributor(s):: Sorensen, D. B., Krohn, T., Hansen, H. N., Ottesen, J. L., Hansen, A. K.
When housing hamsters and gerbils little has been done to identify the preferences of these species. The solitary nature of fat sand rats and hamsters is often discordant with housing practices in animal laboratories. This article provides a comparison of the behaviour of wild-living animals with...
Behaviour and distribution of fattening pigs in the multi-activity pen
Contributor(s):: Simonsen, H. B.
Five groups of fattening pigs were observed in an experimental multi-activity pen with environmental enrichment. The pen measuring 36 msuperscript 2 included sections containing straw, feed and water connected by two corridors. In addition the pigs had access to straw racks, a shower and...
Behavioural reaction of individual pigs raised in different environments to a novel object and to handling at slaughter in relation to measurements of the adrenal cortex
Contributor(s):: Rasmussen, A. A.
Effect of housing on in situ postures of gestating gilts
Contributor(s):: Taylor, L., Friend, T., Smith, L. A.
Behaviour of gilts housed in tethered housing, crates, loose housing or dirtlot was video-recorded for 48-h observation periods commencing on days 0, 7 and 63. Lying was the most frequent activity, ranging from 65 to 90
Effects of cage-front design on the feeding behaviour of laying hens
Contributor(s):: Sherwin, C. M., Alvey, D. M., Williamson, J. D.
The effects on feeding behaviour of 4 cage-front designs: vertical bars, horizontal bars, feed trough raised 33 cm, and feed trough enclosed within the cage, were examined. Cage-front design had no significant effect on mean feeding-bout duration (range of 69-85 seconds) or proportion of time...
Effects of visual cover on farmed red deer behaviour
Contributor(s):: Whittington, C. J., Chamove, A. S.
The behaviour of 20 female red deer in a paddock with no visual cover was observed for 2 weeks. Cover, consisting of 2 shade cloth barriers and hanging plastic strips, was placed in one half of the paddock and the behaviour observed. After replication in a 2nd paddock in reversed order, it was...
Influences of intermittent daily draught on the behaviour of weaned pigs
Contributor(s):: Scheepens, C. J. M., Hessing, M. J. C., Laarakker, E., Schouten, W. G. P., Tielen, M. J. M.
The influence of time-unpredictable draught (forced cold air) on the behaviour of pigs was observed in a climate-controlled pig house with 2 identical rooms each with 5 pens. Two days after farrowing, pigs were matched pairwise to correct for genetic, weight and sex differences, and weaning at an...
Open-field test behaviour of growing swine maintained on a concrete floor and a pasture
Contributor(s):: Taylor, L., Friend, T. H.
Open-field test behaviours of 5 barrows and 5 gilts from each of two housing treatments were recorded for 5-minute periods. The pigs had been housed in their respective systems (pasture or concrete floor) for 6 weeks and averaged 18 weeks old at the time of the experiment. The 38 x 198-m pasture...
Sow body movements that crush piglets: a comparison between two types of farrowing accommodation
Contributor(s):: Weary, D. M., Pajor, E. A., Fraser, D., Honkanen, A. M.
The behavior of 20 sows and their litters kept in farrowing crates or more open pens was video recorded for 4 days after farrowing. 24 piglets were killed by maternal crushing during the study (4 in the farrowing crates, 20 in the pens). On 98 other occasions (30 in the farrowing crates, 68 in...