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  1. Oxytocin and Cortisol Levels in Dog Owners and Their Dogs Are Associated with Behavioral Patterns: An Exploratory Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Maria Petersson, Kerstin Uvnäs-Moberg, Anne Nilsson, Lise-Lotte Gustafson, Eva Hydbring-Sandberg, Linda Handlin

    We have previously shown that dog–owner interaction results in increasing oxytocin levels in owners and dogs, decreasing cortisol levels in owners but increasing cortisol levels in dogs. The present study aimed to further investigate whether oxytocin and cortisol levels in the previously...

  2. Dogs (Canis familiaris), but Not Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), Understand Imperative Pointing

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katharina C. Kirchhofer, Felizitas Zimmermann, Juliane Kaminski, Michael Tomasello

    Chimpanzees routinely follow the gaze of humans to outside targets. However, in most studies using object choice they fail to use communicative gestures (e.g. pointing) to find hidden food. Chimpanzees' failure to do this may be due to several difficulties with this paradigm. They may, for...

  3. CONTEMPORARY MAYAN GROUPS' CONCEPTS ABOUT ANIMALS

    | Contributor(s):: Fernando Guerrero Martinez

    The concepts Mayan groups have regarding fauna involve knowledge and practices that result from sharp observation of their surroundings. This paper articulates important aspects of human-animal interaction in order to demonstrate the complexity underlying the notion of what animals mean in the...

  4. Nasally-Administered Oxytocin Has Limited Effects on Owner-Directed Attachment Behavior in Pet Dogs (Canis lupus familiaris)

    | Contributor(s):: Lauren E. Thielke, giovanna renata rosenlicht, Sarina R Saturn, Monique A. R. Udell

    The present study explored the effects of intranasal oxytocin, a naturally occurring hormone, on the behavior of pet dogs during an attachment test. Each dog participated in two testing sessions. On one visit saline was administered nasally, and on another, oxytocin was administered nasally. For...

  5. The Effects of Pet Visitation and Human Interaction on the Happiness of Retirement Home Residents

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Candace Jean Donaghy, Richard Tucker (adviser)

  6. Pets, Purity and Pollution: Why Conventional Models of Disease Transmission Do Not Work for Pet Rat Owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Charlotte Robin, Elizabeth Perkins, Francine Watkins, Robert Christley

    In the United Kingdom, following the emergence of Seoul hantavirus in pet rat owners in 2012, public health authorities tried to communicate the risk of this zoonotic disease, but had limited success. To explore this lack of engagement with health advice, we conducted in-depth, semi-structured...

  7. I Walk My Dog Because It Makes Me Happy: A Qualitative Study to Understand Why Dogs Motivate Walking and Improved Health

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carri Westgarth, Robert M. Christley, Garry Marvin, Elizabeth Perkins

    Dog walking is a popular everyday physical activity. Dog owners are generally more active than non-owners, but some rarely walk with their dog. The strength of the dog–owner relationship is known to be correlated with dog walking, and this qualitative study investigates why. Twenty-six...

  8. Can you spare 15 min? The measurable positive impact of a 15-min petting session on shelter dog well-being

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ragen T. S. McGowan, Cynthia Bolte, Hallie R. Barnett, Gerardo Perez-Camargo, François Martin

    It is well established that human interaction has positive effects on shelter dogs. This work set out to answer the question: “Does one 15-min petting session make a difference for shelter dogs?” Fifty-five dogs were subject to one 15-min petting session with one of five unfamiliar...

  9. Assessment of Recent Cases of Animal Hoarding in Germany: The Challenge for Animal Shelters and Public Authorities

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sophie Arnold, Henriette Mackensen, Evelyn Ofensberger, Brigitte Rusche

    Animal hoarding is a severe problem in the field of human-animal interaction. The goal of this study was to assess the current situation of animal hoarding in Germany. Reports of animal hoarding cases were collected from animal shelters and public media between January 2012 and December 2015;...

  10. Human-animal interaction as a social determinant of health: descriptive findings from the health and retirement study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Megan Kiely Mueller, Nancy Dreschel, Regina M. Bures

    Background We focused on human-animal interaction (HAI) as an important aspect of social functioning at the individual level, framing this emerging field from a public health perspective. Methods Using data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) 2012 HAI module, we describe the...

  11. The Truth about Humans: The Decision to Adopt Dogs & Cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Leann Stadtlander

    Millions of dogs and cats are adopted from animal shelters every year, however, little is known about why specific animals are adopted. This study examines the qualitative comments given by adopters of cats and dogs for selecting specific animals. Differences between the species and insights...

  12. Using Interactions Between Children and Companion Animals to Build Skills in Self-Regulation and Emotion Regulation

    | Contributor(s):: Wanda Boyer

  13. Survey of personal injuries caused by dogs and cats in Umea

    | Contributor(s):: R Lindström, S Tegenborg, PO Bylund, U Björnstig, A Eriksson

  14. Human-cat interactions: relationships with, and breed differences between, non-pedigree, Persian and Siamese cats [Pets, families and interactions]

    | Contributor(s):: Dennis C. Turner

  15. Death and Dying in Human and Companion Canine Relations

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Maria MA Desougi

    Since before the Neolithic Revolution, when human civilisation first emerged, humans and canines have lived, and died, together. This Scottish study is conducted in the field of animal-human interaction and, using qualitative methods, applies established insights from the sociology of health...

  16. The Effects of Tactile and Indirect Contact with Dogs in a College Population

    | Contributor(s):: Kalina Welch

    To assess how physiological stress response is affected by human-canine interactions, one hundred-thirty (n=130) Carroll College students in Helena, Montana participated in trials designed to measure blood pressure, respiratory rate, heart rate, and galvanic skin response (GSR) in low- and...

  17. Human–Animal Interaction and Older Adults: An Overview

    | Contributor(s):: Nancy R. Gee, Megan K. Mueller, Angela L. Curl

    Both pet ownership and animal-assisted therapy are becoming increasingly popular in the United States, and the science of human–animal interaction (HAI) seeks to explore how these relationships with animals can impact health and well-being. In particular, one burgeoning area of research is...

  18. The Animals in Our Stories: Reading Human-Animal History, Kinship, and Inheritance in Asian Diasporic Literature

    | Contributor(s):: Nandini Thiyagarajan

    This dissertation approaches literary animals in Asian diasporic novels through the concept of drawing close. I am interested in how literary animals can communicate an endeavour to draw animals close, and how literary representations of this closeness imagine normative human-animal relationships...

  19. Minor Immediate Effects of a Dog on Children's Reading Performance and Physiology

    | Contributor(s):: Lisa Schretzmayer, Kurt Kotrschal, Andrea Beetz

    Literacy is a key factor in occupational success and social integration. However, an increasing number of children lack appropriate reading skills. There is growing evidence that dogs have positive effects on reading performance. We investigated the short-term effects of dogs on reading...

  20. Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hsin-Yi Weng, Kimberly Ankrom

    Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...