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Animal influence on water, sanitation and hygiene measures for zoonosis control at the household level: A systematic literature review
| Contributor(s):: Francisco Matilla, Yael Velleman, Wendy Harrison, Mandy Nevel
Introduction Neglected zoonotic diseases (NZDs) have a significant impact on the livelihoods of the world’s poorest populations, which often lack access to basic services. Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programmes are included among the key strategies for achieving the World Health...
Working with Animals
Fact sheet on working with animals produced by the Women’s Occupational Health Resource Center (WOHRC). The WOHRC (1979-1987) was a research and training program devoted to identifying and better understanding hazards faced by women workers. WOHRC was housed in Columbia’s School...
Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior
| Contributor(s):: Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.
Zoological institutions develop human-animal interaction opportunities for visitors to advance missions of conservation, education, and recreation; however, the animal welfare implications largely have yet to be evaluated. This behavioral study was the first to quantify impacts of guest feeding...
Children's beliefs about animal minds (Child-BAM): associations with positive and negative child-animal interactions
| Contributor(s):: Hawkins, R. D., Williams, J. M.
Children and animals can have a great impact on each other's lives, yet little is known about the underpinnings of these relationships. Children's interactions with animals may be influenced by their belief in animal minds, that animals are sentient and experience thoughts and feelings. This...
Risk of zoonotic pathogen exposure among veterinary professionals and students at veterinary schools and best practices to minimize this risk on individual and institutional levels
| Contributor(s):: Ellen R.E. Heinrich
The College of Veterinary Medicine (CVM) environment is a place where veterinarians, veterinary staff, and veterinary students may have increased risk of exposure to zoonotic pathogens. This exposure may occur in classrooms or laboratories where pre-clinical veterinary students and non-clinical...
Best practices for designing and planning events where human-animal interactions are encouraged, based on observations of risk behaviors and hand hygiene at such events
| Contributor(s):: Gonzalo Erdozain
Outbreaks of human illness have been linked to visiting settings with animal contact throughout developed countries. These outbreaks demonstrate that although contact with animals in public settings can provide educational and entertainment opportunities, the potential to spread disease exists if...
Video Observation of Infection Control Practices in Veterinary Clinics and a Petting Zoo, with Emphasis on Hand Hygiene and Interventions to Improve Hand Hygiene Compliance
| Contributor(s):: Maureen Anderson
This thesis is an investigation of the use of various infection control practices, including hand hygiene, in companion animal veterinary clinics and a public petting zoo. Video observation of petting zoo visitors found overall hand hygiene compliance was 58% (340/583). Improved signage with...
Protocol for expert report on animal welfare in case of companion animal cruelty suspicion
| Contributor(s):: Hammerschmidt, J., Molento, C. F. M.
Animal welfare expert reports may support court decisions when animal abuse or maltreatment is suspected. The objective of this work is to adapt animal welfare assessment protocols to identify companion animal abuse. The proposed protocol includes four indicator categories: nutritional, comfort,...
Rooting area and drinker affect dunging behaviour of organic pigs
| Contributor(s):: Vermeer, H. M., Altena, H., Vereijken, P. F. G., Bracke, M. B. M.
Hygiene is a common problem on outdoor runs of growing organic pigs. Manure and urine are mainly excreted outdoors and tend to spread all over the run. Reducing the soiled surface area may be beneficial to animal welfare, hygiene, ammonia emissions and labour, not only in organic but also in...
The ticking clock: addressing farm animal welfare in emerging countries
| Contributor(s):: Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von, Hotzel, M. J.
Over the last decade many emerging economies, and in particular Brazil, have established themselves as major players in global food animal production. Within these countries much of the increase in food animal production has been achieved by the adoption of intensive housing systems similar to...
Well-being and its roots
| Contributor(s):: Fraser, A. F.
This chapter describes the physiological and behavioural indicators of health and well-being in cats. The specific behavioural traits of some different cat breeds are also included.
An epidemiological approach to welfare research in zoos: the Elephant Welfare Project
| Contributor(s):: Carlstead, K., Mench, J. A., Meehan, C., Brown, J. L.
Multi-institutional studies of welfare have proven to be valuable in zoos but are hampered by limited sample sizes and difficulty in evaluating more than just a few welfare indicators. To more clearly understand how interactions of husbandry factors influence the interrelationships among welfare...
Hediger revisited: how do zoo animals see us?
| Contributor(s):: Hosey, G.
Contact with people, both familiar (e.g., caretakers) and unfamiliar (e.g., members of the public), is a significant part of the lives of nonhuman animals in zoos. The available empirical evidence shows that in many cases this contact represents a source of stress to the animals, although there...
Morbidity and mortality of invertebrates, amphibians, reptiles, and mammals at a major exotic companion animal wholesaler
| Contributor(s):: Ashley, S., Brown, S., Ledford, J., Martin, J., Nash, A. E., Terry, A., Tristan, T., Warwick, C.
The authors formally investigated a major international wildlife wholesaler and subsequently confiscated more than 26,400 nonhuman animals of 171 species and types. Approximately 80% of the nonhuman animals were identified as grossly sick, injured, or dead, with the remaining in suspected...
Welfare evaluations of nonhuman animals in selected zoos in the Philippines
| Contributor(s):: Almazan, R. R., Rubio, R. P., Agoramoorthy, G.
This study evaluated 3 zoos in the Philippines: the Wildlife Rescue Center and Mini Zoo, Manila Zoological and Botanical Garden, and Cavite Botanical and Zoological Park to determine the standards of nonhuman animal welfare. The study measured and compared the cage sizes of various animals to the...
Welfare, health, and hygiene of laying hens housed in furnished cages and in alternative housing systems
| Contributor(s):: Rodenburg, T. B., Tuyttens, F. A. M., Sonck, B., Reu, K. de, Herman, L., Zoons, J.
The aim of this review was to compare welfare, health, and hygienic status of laying hens housed in furnished cages and in alternative systems. In alternative systems (floor housing and aviaries), birds have more freedom of movement and a more complex environment than in furnished cages. However,...
Are therapy dogs like xanax? Does animal-assisted therapy impact processes relevant to cognitive behavioral psychotherapy?
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| Contributor(s):: Hunt, M. G., Chizkov, R. R.
Despite an increase in the popularity of animal-assisted therapy, little is known about the impact of animals on processes relevant to effective psychotherapy. This study tested the impact of having a dog present on process variables relevant to cognitive behavioral therapy, including emotional...
Industrial farm animal production: a comprehensive moral critique
| Contributor(s):: Rossi, J., Garner, S. A.
Over the past century, animal agriculture in the United States has transformed from a system of small, family farms to a largely industrialized model-often known as 'industrial farm animal production' (IFAP). This model has successfully produced a large supply of cheap meat, eggs and dairy...
Operant conditioning of urination by calves
| Contributor(s):: Vaughan, A., Passille, A. M. de, Stookey, J., Rushen, J.
The accumulation of faeces and urine in dairy barns is a cause of cattle and human health concerns and environmental problems. It is usually assumed that cattle are not capable of controlling defecation and urination. We tested whether calves could be taught to urinate in a location using either...
Owners and pets exercising together: canine response to veterinarian-prescribed physical activity
| Contributor(s):: Byers, C. G., Wilson, C. C., Stephens, M. B., Goodie, J. L., Netting, F. E., Olsen, C. H.
Using a prospective, randomized, single-blinded clinical design, we enrolled dog owners (DOs) and their dogs presenting to a veterinary referral hospital in a two-phase trial to determine whether veterinarian-initiated counseling increases physical activity and leads to secondary health benefits...