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Tags: Hygiene + Mammals

All Categories (1-20 of 77)

  1. Hazards of Getting Sick from Contact with Farm Animals at Fairs and Petting Zoos

    Contributor(s):: Aurora A. Saulo

    Animals exhibited at fairs, farm centers, and in petting zoos are very popular and educational, and they bring much joy to people, especially children, but in addition to warm memories of holding them, there is risk that immunocompromised people may take home harmful—even...

  2. Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hsin-Yi Weng, Kimberly Ankrom

    Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...

  3. Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior

    | Contributor(s):: Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.

    Zoological institutions develop human-animal interaction opportunities for visitors to advance missions of conservation, education, and recreation; however, the animal welfare implications largely have yet to be evaluated. This behavioral study was the first to quantify impacts of guest feeding...

  4. Social dominance and legitimizing myths about animal use

    | Contributor(s):: Jackson, L. M., Gibbings, A.

    The present study tested the hypothesis that the relation between social dominance orientation and the endorsement of legitimizing myths about the human use of nonhuman animals is moderated by the salience of that use. Eighty-two student participants read an article about agriculture that focused...

  5. Children's beliefs about animal minds (Child-BAM): associations with positive and negative child-animal interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Hawkins, R. D., Williams, J. M.

    Children and animals can have a great impact on each other's lives, yet little is known about the underpinnings of these relationships. Children's interactions with animals may be influenced by their belief in animal minds, that animals are sentient and experience thoughts and feelings. This...

  6. Observation of public health risk behaviors, risk communication and hand hygiene at Kansas and Missouri petting zoos – 2010-2011

    | Contributor(s):: Gonzalo Erdozain, Katherine KuKanich, Benjamin Chapman, Douglas A. Powell

    Outbreaks of human illness have been linked to visiting settings with animal contact throughout developed countries. This paper details an observational study of hand hygiene tool availability and recommendations; frequency of risky behavior; and, handwashing attempts by visitors in Kansas (9)...

  7. Social dominance and legitimizing myths about animal use

    | Contributor(s):: Jackson, L. M., Gibbings, A.

    The present study tested the hypothesis that the relation between social dominance orientation and the endorsement of legitimizing myths about the human use of nonhuman animals is moderated by the salience of that use. Eighty-two student participants read an article about agriculture that focused...

  8. Social dominance and legitimizing myths about animal use

    | Contributor(s):: Jackson, L. M., Gibbings, A.

    The present study tested the hypothesis that the relation between social dominance orientation and the endorsement of legitimizing myths about the human use of nonhuman animals is moderated by the salience of that use. Eighty-two student participants read an article about agriculture that focused...

  9. Protocol for expert report on animal welfare in case of companion animal cruelty suspicion

    | Contributor(s):: Hammerschmidt, J., Molento, C. F. M.

    Animal welfare expert reports may support court decisions when animal abuse or maltreatment is suspected. The objective of this work is to adapt animal welfare assessment protocols to identify companion animal abuse. The proposed protocol includes four indicator categories: nutritional, comfort,...

  10. An observational study measuring hand washing behavior in petting zoo attendees

    | Contributor(s):: Amy A. Hille

    Each year in the US an estimated 6 million people visit petting zoos, and the number is increasing. Outbreaks in humans associated with animal pathogens are being increasingly reported. There are many published recommendations for design and maintenance for these facilities. Hand...

  11. Enteric pathogens of dogs and cats with public health implications

    | Contributor(s):: Kantere, M., Athanasiou, L. V., Chatzopoulos, D. C., Spyrou, V., Valiakos, G., Kontos, V., Billinis, C.

    Dogs and cats play an important role in modern society, enhancing the psychological and physiological well-being of many people. However, there are well-documented health risks associated with human animal interactions. More specifically, enteric pathogens of zoonotic risk which are transmitted...

  12. Rooting area and drinker affect dunging behaviour of organic pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Vermeer, H. M., Altena, H., Vereijken, P. F. G., Bracke, M. B. M.

    Hygiene is a common problem on outdoor runs of growing organic pigs. Manure and urine are mainly excreted outdoors and tend to spread all over the run. Reducing the soiled surface area may be beneficial to animal welfare, hygiene, ammonia emissions and labour, not only in organic but also in...

  13. Zoonotic disease risks for immunocompromised and other high-risk clients and staff: promoting safe pet ownership and contact

    | Contributor(s):: Stull, J. W., Stevenson, K. B.

    Pets can be a source of disease (zoonoses) for humans. The disease risks associated with pet contact are highest among young children, the elderly, pregnant women, and immunocompromised hosts. These individuals and household members display limited knowledge of pet-associated disease, rarely...

  14. Zoonotic disease risks for immunocompromised and other high-risk clients and staff: promoting safe pet ownership and contact

    | Contributor(s):: Stull, J. W., Stevenson, K. B.

    Pets can be a source of disease (zoonoses) for humans. The disease risks associated with pet contact are highest among young children, the elderly, pregnant women, and immunocompromised hosts. These individuals and household members display limited knowledge of pet-associated disease, rarely...

  15. An online social network to increase walking in dog owners: a randomized trial

    | Contributor(s):: Schneider, K. L., Murphy, D., Ferrara, C., Oleski, J., Panza, E., Savage, C., Gada, K., Bozzella, B., Olendzki, E., Kern, D., Lemon, S. C.

    Purpose: Encouraging dog walking may increase physical activity in dog owners. This cluster-randomized controlled trial investigated whether a social networking Web site (Meetup TM) could be used to deliver a multicomponent dog walking intervention to increase physical activity. Methods:...

  16. Denial of death and the relationship between humans and other animals

    | Contributor(s):: Marino, L., Mountain, M.

    The focus of this paper is to explore how cultural anthropologist Ernest Becker's claim that human behavior is largely motivated by fear of death may explain important aspects of our relationship with nonhuman animals. Terror management theory (tmt) suggests that when we humans are reminded of...

  17. The ticking clock: addressing farm animal welfare in emerging countries

    | Contributor(s):: Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von, Hotzel, M. J.

    Over the last decade many emerging economies, and in particular Brazil, have established themselves as major players in global food animal production. Within these countries much of the increase in food animal production has been achieved by the adoption of intensive housing systems similar to...

  18. Well-being and its roots

    | Contributor(s):: Fraser, A. F.

    This chapter describes the physiological and behavioural indicators of health and well-being in cats. The specific behavioural traits of some different cat breeds are also included.

  19. The prevalence and implications of human-animal co-sleeping in an Australian sample

    | Contributor(s):: Smith, B., Thompson, K., Clarkson, L., Dawson, D.

    Sleep research is characterized by an interest in humans, with the realm of animal sleep left largely to ethologists and animal scientists. However, the lives of sleep-study participants and those with sleep problems frequently involve animals. For the majority of the population in developed...

  20. Hediger revisited: how do zoo animals see us?

    | Contributor(s):: Hosey, G.

    Contact with people, both familiar (e.g., caretakers) and unfamiliar (e.g., members of the public), is a significant part of the lives of nonhuman animals in zoos. The available empirical evidence shows that in many cases this contact represents a source of stress to the animals, although there...