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Pets: Do They Enhance Our Immunity?
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Contributor(s):: Vidhi Desai, Calvin Leung, Ye Rin Lim, Julie M. Fagan
Pets can be highly beneficial to the human health and may even aid in the development of the human immune system. Our study specifically targets the area of pet ownership and its effects on the immune system’s capabilities of different age and ethnic groups. To examine this, we conducted a...
Environmentally enriching American mink ( Neovison vison) increases lymphoid organ weight and skeletal symmetry, and reveals differences between two sub-types of stereotypic behaviour
Contributor(s):: Diez-Leon, M., Bursian, S., Galicia, D., Napolitano, A., Palme, R., Mason, G.
Enrichment studies for wild carnivores (e.g., in zoos) are often short-term, use enrichments of unknown motivational significance, and focus on glucocorticoids and stereotypic behaviour (SB), ignoring other stress-relevant variables. Our study assessed the broad behavioural and physiological...
Animal Exposure, Asthma and Allergies
Contributor(s):: Felicia Trembath
An estimated 62% of all United States households have one or more pet and more than 38% of households with pets have children under the age of 18 (Beck, 2010). Although the total number of pets in the United States does not seem to be increasing (AVMA, 2012), the relationship between people and...
Plague: infections of companion animals and opportunities for intervention
Contributor(s):: Oyston, Petra C. F., Williamson, Diane
Knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to pet contact by immunocompromised children with cancer and immunocompetent children with diabetes
Contributor(s):: Stull, J. W., Brophy, J., Sargeant, J. M., Peregrine, A. S., Lawson, M. L., Ramphal, R., Samson, L., Bowes, J., Weese, J. S.
Objective: To compare knowledge, attitudes, and risks related to pet contact in households with and without immunocompromised children. Study design: A questionnaire was distributed to parents of children diagnosed with cancer (immunocompromised; n=80) or diabetes (immunocompetent; n=251)...
The effect of conspecific removal on the behaviour and physiology of pair-housed shelter dogs
Contributor(s):: Walker, J. K., Waran, N. K., Phillips, C. J. C.
Dogs ( Canis familiaris) are a highly social species and within a shelter environment pair-housing is recommended to prevent the stress associated with social isolation. Separation of individuals which may have formed bonds in this environment is a usual occurrence, as a result of rehoming or...
Information need of owners regarding dog's healthcare, zoonotic diseases and marketing
Contributor(s):: Basarajappa, A. D., Rupasi, Tiwari, Rakesh, Roy, Davinder, Singh, Matt, V. T., Devan, Arora
The present study was purposively conducted at Clinical Complex, VeterinaryCollege, Hebbal, Bangalore; Referral Polyclinic, IVRI, Izatnagar; Veterinary polyclinic, GBPUAT, Pantnagar and Veterinary hospital, Palam, New Delhi, India. From each clinical complex, 50 pet dog owners were selected...
Sickness behaviours in ducks include anorexia but not lethargy
Contributor(s):: Marais, M., Maloney, S. K., Gray, D. A.
Linking the social environment to illness in farm animals
Contributor(s):: Proudfoot, K. L., Weary, D. M., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von
Physiological and welfare consequences of transport, relocation, and acclimatization of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). (Special Issue: The welfare of laboratory primates.)
Contributor(s):: Schapiro, S. J., Lambeth, S. P., Jacobsen, K. R., Williams, L. E., Nehete, B. N., Nehete, P. N.
Behavioural and physiological consequences of acute social defeat in growing gilts: effects of the social environment
Contributor(s):: Ruis, M. A. W., Groot, J. de, Brake, J. H. A. te, Ekkel, E. D., Burgwal, J. A. van de, Erkens, J. H. F., Engel, B., Buist, W. G., Blokhuis, H. J., Koolhaas, J. M.
Endocrine, behavioural and immunological processes, together with body growth, were evaluated in gilts that were defeated at 10 weeks of age in resident-intruder tests. Immediately after defeat, gilts were either separated from or reunited with a familiar conspecific (litter-mate; always a...
Effect of cat and dog ownership on sensitization and development of asthma among preteenage children
Contributor(s):: Perzanowski, M. S., Ronmark, E., Platts-Mills, T. A. E., Lundback, B.
An inverse relationship has been proposed between exposure to high quantities of cat allergen at home and both asthma and cat allergy. First- and second-grade children from Lulea, Kiruna, and Pitea, Sweden participated in an asthma questionnaire study (n=3,431) and incidence was evaluated over...
Chimeras: The ethics of creating human-animal interspecifics
Contributor(s):: Constanze Huther
In summer 2004, I had the pleasure of attending a seminar by Julian Savulescu and Nick Bostrom about "Human Enhancement, Artificial Beings, and the Future of Humanity" at the University of Oxford. Among other quite exotic topics, chimeras were the subject matter of one of our seminar meetings....
Psychosocial and psychophysiological effects of human-animal interactions: The possible role of oxytocin
Contributor(s):: Andrea Beetz, Kerstin Uvnäs-Moberg, Henri Julius, Kurt Kotrschal
During the last decade it has become more widely accepted that pet ownership and animal assistance in therapy and education may have a multitude of positive effects on humans. Here, we review the evidence from 69 original studies on human-animal interactions (HAI) which met our inclusion...
Main causes of poor welfare in intensively reared dairy cows. (Special Issue: Criteria and methods for the assessment of animal welfare.)
Contributor(s):: Abeni, F., Bertoni, G.
The aim of this review is to summarise the main causes of poor welfare in intensively reared dairy cows. Intensive farming systems are considered, both from a structural and a managerial point of view, for their constraints that may limit animal welfare: possible physical activity; acceptable...
An investigation of the relationship between adrenal activity, social rank and immunocompetence in pregnant sows kept in different housing conditions
Contributor(s):: Zanella, A. J., Mendl, M. T., Broom, D. M.
Social behaviour and immunologival correlates in group-housed laboratory does
Contributor(s):: Held, S. D. E., Turner, R. J., Wootton, R. J.
The welfare of gestating sows in conventional stalls and large groups on deep litter
Contributor(s):: Karlen, G. A. M., Hemsworth, P. H., Gonyou, H. W., Fabrega, E., Strom, A. D., Smits, R. J.
Confinement of breeding sows and gilts is a controversial welfare issue in livestock production and there is worldwide interest in finding alternative housing systems for gestating pigs. This study measured aspects of the welfare of gestating sows housed in either large groups on deep litter...
Assessment of welfare from physiological and behavioural responses of New Zealand dairy cows exposed to cold and wet conditions
Contributor(s):: Webster, J. R., Stewart, M., Rogers, A. R., Verkerk, G. A.
There is a need to assess the welfare of dairy cows that live outdoors under cold and wet conditions. This study combined a number of techniques to measure stress and make an assessment of welfare in this situation. Two groups often non-pregnant, non-lactating Holstein Friesian cows were exposed...
Quality of life means welfare: how is it related to other concepts and assessed?
Contributor(s):: Broom, D. M.
Our view of which individuals should be the subjects of our moral actions is expanding to include more people and more species. Animal welfare is the subject of rapidly increasing concern in most countries in the world, and this concern is resulting in changes in the ways in which animal users...