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Tags: Indicators + Cattle

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  1. Provisioning the ritual neolithic site of Kfar HaHoresh, Israel at the dawn of animal management

    Contributor(s):: Meier, J. S., Goring-Morris, A. N., Munro, N. D.

    It is widely agreed that a pivotal shift from wild animal hunting to herd animal management, at least of goats, began in the southern Levant by the Middle Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period (10,000-9,500 cal. BP) when evidence of ritual activities flourished in the region. As our knowledge of this...

  2. Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows' reactivity towards humans

    Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Ivemeyer, S., Rupp, J., Knierim, U.

    Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows - as part of the HAR - is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...

  3. On-farm qualitative behaviour assessment in sheep: repeated measurements across time, and association with physical indicators of flock health and welfare

    Contributor(s):: Phythian, C. J., Michalopoulou, E., Cripps, P. J., Duncan, J. S., Wemelsfelder, F.

    Qualitative Behavioural Assessment (QBA) is a 'whole-animal' methodology that assesses the expressive qualities of animal behaviour using terms such as 'tense', 'relaxed', 'anxious', and 'content'. The reliability and validity of QBA as an indicator for on-farm welfare assessment in pigs,...

  4. Acoustic analysis of cattle ( Bos taurus) mother-offspring contact calls from a source-filter theory perspective

    Contributor(s):: Torre, M. P. de la, Briefer, E. F., Reader, T., McElligott, A. G.

    Cattle vocalisations have been proposed as potential indicators of animal welfare. However, very few studies have investigated the acoustic structure and information encoded in these vocalisations using advanced analysis techniques. Vocalisations play key roles in a wide range of communication...

  5. Can ear postures reliably measure the positive emotional state of cows?

    Contributor(s):: Proctor, H. S., Carder, G.

    Animal welfare science is increasingly concerned with the promotion of positive emotions in animals, yet little is known about how to measure them. We examined whether ear postures in dairy cows were reliable indicators of a low arousal, positive emotional state. We conducted a total of 381, 15...

  6. Young Blond d'Aquitaine, Angus and Limousin bulls differ in emotional reactivity: relationships with animal traits, stress reactions at slaughter and post-mortem muscle metabolism

    Contributor(s):: Bourguet, C., Deiss, V., Boissy, A., Terlouw, E. M. C.

    The present study investigated relationships between reactivity during tests, stress reactions at slaughter and animal traits in young Blond d'Aquitaine (BA), Limousin (LI) and Angus (AN) bulls. Behavioural and physiological reactivity of animals was evaluated during rearing using a "Human test"...

  7. Agreement between different sleep states and behaviour indicators in dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Ternman, E., Pastell, M., Agenas, S., Strasser, C., Winckler, C., Nielsen, P. P., Hanninen, L.

    Conclusive data regarding behavioural indicators of different sleep states in adult dairy cows are lacking, i.e. agreement between behavioural indicators of sleep and corresponding electrophysiological measures. Behavioural estimates for quantifying total sleep time in calves have been...

  8. Welfare assessments based on lifetime health and production data in Danish dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Houe, H., Sandoe, P., Thomsen, P. T.

    The objective of this study was to describe how information about the whole lifetime of the cow can be used when defining nonhuman animal-based criteria of the welfare of animals on the farm. Often measured over a short period, disease occurrence provides information relevant for assessing the...

  9. Locomotor play of veal calves in an arena: are effects of feed level and spatial restriction mediated by responses to novelty?

    Contributor(s):: Rushen, J., Passille, A. M. de

    When calves are placed in an open arena, they perform locomotor play, which provides a time-efficient means of assessing playfulness. To use this as a method of assessing welfare, we need to relate playfulness to other welfare indicators and understand what factors influence results. The novelty...

  10. Assessment time of the Welfare Quality protocol for dairy cattle

    Contributor(s):: Vries, M. de, Engel, B., Uijl, I. den, Schaik, G. van, Dijkstra, T., Boer, I. de, Bokkers, E. A. M.

  11. Attitudes of dairy farmers toward cow welfare in relation to housing, management and productivity

    Contributor(s):: Kauppinen, T., Valros, A., Vesala, K. M.

  12. Development and testing of an on-farm welfare assessment protocol for dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Stubsjoen, S. M., Valle, P. S.

  13. Evaluation of on-farm veal calves' responses to unfamiliar humans and potential influencing factors

    Contributor(s):: Leruste, H., Bokkers, E. A. M., Heutinck, L. F. M., Wolthuis-Fillerup, M., Werf, J. T. N. van der, Brscic, M., Cozzi, G., Engel, B., Reenen, C. G. van, Lensink, B. J.

  14. Influence of gentle touching applied few weeks before slaughter on avoidance distance and slaughter stress in finishing cattle

    Contributor(s):: Probst, J. K., Hillmann, E., Leiber, F., Kreuzer, M., Neff, A. S.

  15. Automated monitoring of behavioural-based animal welfare indicators

    Contributor(s):: Rushen, J., Chapinal, N., Passille, A. M. de

  16. Behaviour around the time of calving in dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Jensen, M. B.

  17. Effects of human handling during early rearing on the behaviour of dairy calves

    Contributor(s):: Schutz, K. E., Hawke, M., Waas, J. R., McLeay, L. M., Bokkers, E. A. M., Reenen, C. G. van, Webster, J. R., Stewart, M.

  18. Indicators of undernutrition in cattle

    Contributor(s):: Agenas, S., Heath, M. F., Nixon, R. M., Wilkinson, J. M., Phillips, C. J. C.

  19. Parturition progress and behaviours in dairy cows with calving difficulty

    Contributor(s):: Barrier, A. C., Haskell, M. J., Macrae, A. I., Dwyer, C. M.

  20. Stress at slaughter in cattle: role of reactivity profile and environmental factors

    Contributor(s):: Terlouw, E. M. C., Bourguet, C., Deiss, V.