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Evidence of heterospecific referential communication from domestic horses (Equus caballus) to humans
Contributor(s):: Malavasi, R., Huber, L.
Referential communication occurs when a sender elaborates its gestures to direct the attention of a recipient to its role in pursuit of the desired goal, e.g. by pointing or showing an object, thereby informing the recipient what it wants. If the gesture is successful, the sender and the...
Maximum permissible load for Yonaguni ponies (Japanese landrace horses) trotting over a short, straight course
Contributor(s):: Matsuura, A., Mano, H., Irimajiri, M., Hodate, K.
This study aimed to determine the load-bearing capacity of trotting Yonaguni ponies using gait analysis. The Yonaguni pony is one of the Japanese landrace horses, and has normal gait characteristics when trotting. As a breed they are small in stature and hence susceptible to the effect of the...
Immediate and long-term effects of hippotherapy on symmetry of adductor muscle activity and functional ability in children with spastic cerebral palsy
Contributor(s):: McGibbon, N. H., Benda, W., Duncan, B. R., Silkwood-Sherer, D.
A note on the effects of forward and rear-facing orientations on movement of horses during transport
Contributor(s):: Toscano, M. J., Friend, T. H.
Several studies have attempted to determine the effects of orientation on a horse's ability to maintain balance during transportation. The results have often been contradictory because of differences in trailer design and lack of simultaneous comparisons. In this study, three replications of two...
The rider's impacts and their timers - example: rider's aids for transitions between different gaits
Contributor(s):: Hubener, E.
[Scientific fundamentals of hippo- and riding therapy - a compilation of study results (author's transl)]
Contributor(s):: Rieger, C.
Motion parameter instrumental examination possibilities of therapeutic horses
Contributor(s):: Palinkas, J., Szabo, I. A., Soha, F. R., Bagi, A., Csernatony, Z.
The knowledge of motion parameters of horses is significant not only in veterinary practice, but also in equine assisted activities. According to the presently accepted hypothesis, during therapeutic horseback riding the impulse coming from the back of the horse moves the pelvis of the rider...
Fetal kinesis and a condition of fetal inertia in equine and bovine subjects
Contributor(s):: Fraser, A. F.
A salient feature of behaviour in the fetus is movement. Kinetic behaviour in equine and bovine fetuses has been progressively studied in recent years using doppler ultrasound. As specific features of fetal kinesis have become identified in this study, fetal behaviour patterns have become...
Time budget-, behavioral synchrony- and body score development of a newly released Przewalski's horse group Equus ferus przewalskii , in the Great Gobi B strictly protected area in SW Mongolia
Contributor(s):: Souris, A. C., Kaczensky, P., Julliard, R., Walzer, C.
The Przewalski's horse (Equus ferus przewalskii) became extinct in the wild in the 1960s, but survived as a species due to captive breeding. There have been several initiatives to re-introduce the species in central Asia, but until now only two projects in Mongolia establish free-ranging...
Idiosyncratic motor laterality in the horse
Contributor(s):: Murphy, J., Sutherland, A., Arkins, S.
Idiosyncratic motor behaviour was investigated during four experimental procedures in 40 horses (males=20, females=20) to establish if horses revealed evidence of significant right or left laterality. The experimental procedures included (1) detection of the preferred foreleg to initiate movement...
A note on resting behaviour in horses kept on pasture: rolling prior to getting up
Contributor(s):: Hansen, M. N., Estvan, J., Ladewig, J.
In previous studies on lying behaviour in horses kept in individual boxes we observed that most horses that had been lying down resting sometimes made a rolling behaviour prior to getting up. The rolling behaviour was seen in approximately 30% of the times the horses stood up. To analyse whether...
The technique of jumping a steeplechase fence by competing event-horses
Contributor(s):: Leach, D. H., Ormrod, K.
Temporal characteristics of the fox trot, a symmetrical equine gait
Contributor(s):: Clayton, H. M., Bradbury, J. W.
The temporal characteristics of the equine gait known as the fox trot are described. Results were obtained from cine films of three horses, with five strides being analysed for each horse. The fox trot was found to have a lateral sequence of limb placements: left hind, left front, right hind,...