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  1. Characteristics of a canine distemper virus outbreak in Dichato, Chile following the February 2010 earthquake

    Contributor(s):: Garde, E., Perez, G., Acosta-Jamett, G., Bronsvoort, B. M.

    Following the earthquake and tsunami disaster in Chile in February 2010, residents of Dichato reported high morbidity and mortality in dogs, descriptions of which resembled canine distemper virus (CDV). To assess the situation, free vaccine clinics were offered in April and May. Owner...

  2. Quantitative assessment of human and pet exposure to Salmonella associated with dry pet foods

    Contributor(s):: Lambertini, E., Buchanan, R. L., Narrod, C., Ford, R. M., Baker, R. C., Pradhan, A. K.

    Recent Salmonella outbreaks associated with dry pet foods and treats highlight the importance of these foods as previously overlooked exposure vehicles for both pets and humans. In the last decade efforts have been made to raise the safety of this class of products, for instance by upgrading...

  3. Rabies in Iowa

    Contributor(s):: Bernie Napolski

    Iowa has one of the highest rates of rabies outbreaks in the country and there is very little the state legislature can do about it. To deal with rabies effectively, the state would have to get to the source of the major portion of rabies cases in Iowa - the skunk.

  4. Will a hiding box provide stress reduction for shelter cats?

    Contributor(s):: Vinke, C. M., Godijn, L. M., Leij, W. J. R. van der

    Domestic cats ( Felis sylvestris catus) can experience serious stress in shelters. Stressful experiences can have a major impact on the cats' welfare and may cause higher incidences of infectious diseases in the shelters due to raised cortisol levels causing immunodeficiency. Though several...

  5. Animal disease and human trauma: the psychosocial implications of the 2001 UK foot and mouth disease disaster

    Contributor(s):: Mort, M., Baxter, J., Bailey, C., Convery, I.

    The 2001 UK foot and mouth disease (FMD) crisis is commonly understood to have been a nonhuman animal problem, an economic industrial crisis that was resolved after eradication. By using a different lens, a longitudinal ethnographic study of the health and social consequences of the epidemic, the...

  6. The impact of epizootics on livelihoods

    Contributor(s):: Heath, S. E.

    Epizootics (nonhuman animal disease epidemics) can have detrimental impacts on livelihoods through a complex interaction of demographic trends, food production, and animal disease. Differences in the rate of demographic shifts, including rates of population growth, economic growth, urbanization,...

  7. Welfare assessments based on lifetime health and production data in Danish dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Houe, H., Sandoe, P., Thomsen, P. T.

    The objective of this study was to describe how information about the whole lifetime of the cow can be used when defining nonhuman animal-based criteria of the welfare of animals on the farm. Often measured over a short period, disease occurrence provides information relevant for assessing the...

  8. Tail biting behaviour and tail damage in pigs and the relationship with general behaviour: predicting the inevitable?

    Contributor(s):: Ursinus, W. W., Reenen, C. G. van, Kemp, B., Bolhuis, J. E.

    Tail biting behaviour in pigs is a common problem in conventional housing systems. Our study examined the consistency over time in tail biting and tail damage and it explored the predictive value of general behaviours observed in individual pigs and in pens as a whole. Pigs ( n=480), reared in...

  9. An evaluation of dog-assisted therapy for residents of aged care facilities with dementia

    Contributor(s):: Travers, C., Perkins, J., Rand, J., Bartlett, H., Morton, J.

  10. Infectious diseases associated with relation between humans and wildlife - consideration on wild bird mortality and bird-feeding

    Contributor(s):: Fukui, D.

  11. Mounting behaviour in finishing pigs: stable individual differences are not due to dominance or stage of sexual development

    Contributor(s):: Hintze, S., Scott, D., Turner, S., Meddle, S. L., D'Eath, R. B.

  12. Stress measures in tail biters and bitten pigs in a matched case-control study

    Contributor(s):: Munsterhjelm, C., Brunberg, E., Heinonen, M., Keeling, L., Valros, A.

  13. A longitudinal study of the effects of providing straw at different stages of life on tail-biting and other behaviour in commercially housed pigs

    Contributor(s):: Statham, P., Green, L., Mendl, M.

    Tail-biting (TB) is a welfare concern. Recent studies indicate that early provision of straw may help prevent TB, however, many of these studies were carried out on small groups of pigs and may have limited applicability to commercial farms. The effect of providing straw at different stages of...

  14. Predicting tail-biting from behaviour of pigs prior to outbreaks

    Contributor(s):: Statham, P., Green, L., Bichard, M., Mendl, M.

    Predicting that an outbreak of tail-biting is going to occur in a group of pigs would be a useful tool for farmers. In a prospective longitudinal study, 24 groups of c.30 undocked pigs were followed from birth to slaughter weight. Four groups had to be excluded from the analysis, the remaining...

  15. Effects of mulesing and alternative procedures to mulesing on the behaviour and physiology of lambs

    Contributor(s):: Hemsworth, P. H., Barnett, J. L., Karlen, G. M., Fisher, A. D., Butler, K. L., Arnold, N. A.

    Mulesing involves the surgical removal of skin adjacent to the perineum and tail without anaesthesia or analgesia in lambs. This procedure was developed to reduce the risk of flystrike (cutaneous myiasis) around the perineum. Alternative interventions to mulesing have historically been...

  16. Compendium of measures to prevent disease associated with animals in public settings, 2009 National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians, Inc. (NASPHV)

    Certain venues encourage or permit the public to be in contact with animals, resulting in millions of human-animal interactions each year. These settings include county or state fairs, petting zoos, animal swap meets, pet stores, zoologic institutions, circuses, carnivals, educational farms,...

  17. Dog behaviour on walks and the effect of use of the leash

    Contributor(s):: Westgarth, C., Christley, R. M., Pinchbeck, G. L., Gaskell, R. M., Dawson, S., Bradshaw, J. W. S.

    This paper describes how often pet dogs interact with other dogs, people and the environment, whilst being walked. Such interactions may involve aggression or the transmission of infectious disease. We also assessed the effect of the use of a leash as a modifier of these outcomes. In study one,...

  18. Rope test may indicate efficacy of tail-biting treatments in growing pigs

    Contributor(s):: Bracke, M. B. M.

    Tail biting is a most serious welfare problem in pigs raised for slaughter. In instances of an outbreak of tail biting, scientists have recommended that farmers take measures such as removal of affected animals, provision of enrichment materials and application of repellents to the pigs' tails....