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  1. A Review of Bunyamwera, Batai, and Ngari Viruses: Understudied Orthobunyaviruses With Potential One Health Implications

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: M. Fausta Dutuze, Manasse Nzayirambaho, Christopher N. Mores, Rebecca C. Christofferson

    Bunyamwera (BUNV), Batai (BATV), and Ngari (NRIV) are mosquito-borne viruses of the Bunyamwera serogroup in the Orthobunyavirus genus of the Bunyaviridae family. These three viruses have been found to cause disease in both livestock animals, avian species, and humans. Thus, these...

  2. Local knowledge held by farmers in Eastern Tyrol (Austria) about the use of plants to maintain and improve animal health and welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Vogl, C. R., Vogl-Lukasser, B., Walkenhorst, M.

    Background: The sustainable management of animal health and welfare is of increasing importance to consumers and a key topic in the organic farming movement. Few systematic studies have been undertaken investigating farmers' local knowledge related to this issue. Ethnoveterinary medicine (EVM) is...

  3. The Human-Animal Interaction Scale: development and evaluation

    | Contributor(s):: Fournier, A. K., Berry, T. D., Letson, E., Chanen, R.

    The purpose of this study was to develop the Human-Animal Interaction Scale (HAIS) and evaluate its reliability and validity. The HAIS is a 24-item self-report instrument designed to describe and quantify behaviors performed by humans and nonhuman animals during an episode of interaction (e.g.,...

  4. Silvopastoral systems for sustainable animal production and the role of animal welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Broom, D.

  5. Oestrus odours from rats and mares: behavioural responses of sexually naive and experienced rats to natural odours and odorants

    | Contributor(s):: Nielsen, B. L., Jerome, N., Saint-Albin, A., Ouali, C., Rochut, S., Zins, E. L., Briant, C., Guettier, E., Reigner, F., Couty, I., Magistrini, M., Rampin, O.

    Three experiments were conducted to investigate if sexual experience affects the behavioural response of male rats to natural oestrus odours and constituent odorants. In the first experiment, 16 male Brown Norway rats were exposed before and after sexual training to four odours (1-hexanol (herb...

  6. A modeling approach for estimating seasonal dietary preferences of goats in a Mediterranean Quercus frainetto-Juniperus oxycedrus woodland

    | Contributor(s):: Manousidis, T., Malesios, C., Kyriazopoulos, A. P., Parissi, Z. M., Abraham, E. M., Abas, Z.

    Goats are characterized as selective feeders due to their specific feeding behavior, thus the study of their seasonal preferences in a Mediterranean oak-juniper ecosystem is of great interest. The current research was conducted in an open oak forest in Megalo Dereio region, northeastern Greece...

  7. Program animal welfare: using behavioral and physiological measures to assess the well-being of animals used for education programs in zoos

    | Contributor(s):: Baird, B. A., Kuhar, C. W., Lukas, K. E., Amendolagine, L. A., Fuller, G. A., Nemet, J., Willis, M. A., Schook, M. W.

    This study investigates program animal welfare using both behavioral and physiological measures in two separate experiments. In Experiment One, we examined possible differences in behavior and fecal glucocorticoid metabolites (FGM) between education, exhibit and off-exhibit armadillos ( N=59)...

  8. Detection of Verticillium dahliae in olive groves using canine detection units

    | Contributor(s):: Pons Anglad a, L., Calvo Torras, M. dels A.

    Verticillium wilt is one of the most significant agricultural diseases in the world, in view of the fact that not only does it affect olive groves but also a wide variety of fruit, vegetable and ornamental plants. Currently, the most efficient and economical method of control involves the use of...

  9. Behavioural response of pure Ankole and crossbred (Ankole * Holstein) cows to seasonal pasture variations in south-western Uganda

    | Contributor(s):: Idibu, J., Kabi, F., Mpairwe, D.

    This study evaluated the effects of season and pasture species on variations in sward composition, pasture quantity (plant-height and biomass) and quality [crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD)]. Behavioural responses of a group of 10...

  10. The relationship between coat colour phenotype and equine behaviour: a pilot study

    | Contributor(s):: Finn, J. L., Haase, B., Willet, C. E., Rooy, D. van, Chew, T., Wade, C. M., Hamilton, N. A., Velie, B. D.

    Mutations in the genes influencing melanocytes not only affect the colour of an animal, but are also believed to impact physiological and behavioural functions. When this is taken into consideration, the common perception among horse owners that the chestnut coat colour is associated with adverse...

  11. Early domestication and farming: what should we know or do for a better understanding?

    | Contributor(s):: Vigne, J. D.

    This paper aims to identify a series of conceptual, strategic and technological challenges facing archaeozoology (and archaeobotany) in order to better understand when, where, how and why plant and animal domestication and farming developed during the last 12 000 years. Situated at the interface...

  12. Animal exploitation during the Old Kingdom in Egypt: contribution from Ayn Asil (Dakhla Oasis)Exploitation animale a l'Ancien Empire en Egypte: les apports d'Ayn Asil (oasis de Dakhla)

    | Contributor(s):: Lesur, J.

    At the end of the Old Kingdom in Egypt, food production relies on a dense agriculture in the Delta and the Nile valley as well as on livestock herding and fishing. The situation is however different in the Western Desert which undergoes a strong aridification. Archaeozoological remains coming...

  13. Degree of synchrony based on individual observations underlines the importance of concurrent access to enrichment materials in finishing pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Zwicker, B., Weber, R., Wechsler, B., Gygax, L.

    Pigs are sociable animals with a strong motivation to explore and forage, and it has been stated that they have a strong motivation to do so synchronously. We examined the synchrony of exploration in groups of finishing pigs when enrichment materials were offered. We used a novel measure of...

  14. Hunger in pregnant sows: effects of a fibrous diet and free access to straw

    | Contributor(s):: Jensen, M. B., Pedersen, L. J., Theil, P. K., Knudsen, K. E. B.

    Fibrous diets and the provision of straw have been suggested to reduce feeding motivation in pregnant sows. The present experiment investigated the separate and interactive effects of a fibrous diet and ad libitum access to straw on feeding motivation, oral behaviour and plasma levels of...

  15. Stereotypic mice are aggressed by their cage-mates, and tend to be poor demonstrators in social learning tasks

    | Contributor(s):: Harper, L., Choleris, E., Ervin, K., Fureix, C., Reynolds, K., Walker, M., Mason, G.

    Stereotypic behaviours (SBs) are linked with behavioural inflexibility and resemble symptoms of autism, suggesting that stereotypic animals could have autistic-like social impairments. SBs are also common in caged mice. We therefore hypothesised relationships between stereotypic and social...

  16. Effects of stage of gestation at mixing on aggression, injuries and stress in sows

    | Contributor(s):: Stevens, B., Karlen, G. M., Morrison, R., Gonyou, H. W., Butler, K. L., Kerswell, K. J., Hemsworth, P. H.

    Confinement of breeding sows to stalls is a controversial welfare issue, and there is a worldwide move to house gestating sows in groups. We examined the effects of day of mixing following insemination on aggression, injuries and stress in sows. A total of 800 sows were used in this experiment...

  17. The anthropozoology of domestication for milk productionAnthropozoologie de la domestication laitiere

    | Contributor(s):: Poplin, F.

    Milk draws its substance from a living being of flesh and blood and from plant matter full of scents, through a two-cycle digestive system and fermentation in vivo, that of ruminants, which are also animals that provide meat ("you drink my milk, you eat my meat"). The pig, the "outlaw" of...

  18. Indigenous knowledge

    | Contributor(s):: Morris, Brian

  19. Density-dependent diet selection and body condition of cattle and horses in heterogeneous landscapes

    | Contributor(s):: Cornelissen, P., Vulink, J. T.

    For some decades, grazing by cattle and horses is used as a management tool to achieve different nature management goals. For managers there are still questions to be answered about the effects of herbivore densities on their performance, vegetation development and biodiversity. This study...

  20. Nutritional ecology of obesity: from humans to companion animals

    | Contributor(s):: Raubenheimer, D., Machovsky-Capuska, G. E., Gosby, A. K., Simpson, S.

    We apply nutritional geometry, a framework for modelling the interactive effects of nutrients on animals, to help understand the role of modern environments in the obesity pandemic. Evidence suggests that humans regulate the intake of protein energy (PE) more strongly than non-protein energy...