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The impact of streetlights on an aquatic invasive species: artificial light at night alters signal crayfish behaviour
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Contributor(s):: Thomas, J. R., James, J., Newman, R. C., Riley, W. D., Griffiths, S. W., Cable, J.
Artificial light at night (ALAN) can significantly alter the behaviour, communication and orientation of animals, and will potentially interact with other stressors to affect biodiversity. Invasive, non-native species are one of the largest threats to freshwater biodiversity; however, the impact...
Cuttlefish in captivity: an investigation into housing and husbandry for improving welfare
Contributor(s):: Tonkins, B. M., Tyers, A. M., Cooke, G. M.
The European cuttlefish ( Sepia officinalis) is often kept in public aquaria, is becoming more common in aquaculture, and is also the most frequently used cephalopod in European research. Since 1st January 2013, all cephalopods ( Mollusca) have been protected under UK/EU law (A(SP)A 1986,...
Zoo visitor effect on mammal behaviour: does noise matter?
Contributor(s):: Quadros, S., Goulart, V. D. L., Passos, L., Vecci, M. A. M., Young, R. J.
The zoo visitor effect is the change in animal behaviour and physiology in response to the presence of a viewing public. It is thought to result from, amongst other things, visitor generated sound (i.e., noise), but this hypothesis has never been explicitly tested. We tested this hypothesis...
The effect of European starlings and ambient air temperature on Salmonella enterica contamination within cattle feed bunks
Contributor(s):: Carlson, J. C., Ellis, J. W., Tupper, S. K., Franklin, A. B., Linz, G. M.
Acute and chronic exposure to ammonia and olfactory acuity for n -butanol in the pig
Contributor(s):: Jones, J. B., Wathes, C. M., Persaud, K. C., White, R. P., Jones, R. B.
An associative learning method (using a food reward) was developed to measure pigs' olfactory acuity for n-butanol, a standard odourant in human olfactometry. Six of 8 intact Duroc x Landrace crossbred male pigs were used for the study. The pigs could press two operant paddles but it only...
Pain issues in poultry. (Special Issue: Pain in farm animals.)
Contributor(s):: Gentle, M. J.
This review highlights the possible pain experienced by layer and broiler poultry in modern husbandry conditions. Receptors which respond to noxous stimulation (nociceptors) have been identified and physiologically characterised in many different part of the body of the chicken including the...
The anti-social behaviour of urban dogs
Contributor(s):: Loew, F. M., Fraser, A. F.
Anti-social behaviour of urban dogs includes defaecation, biting, barking, street wandering, pack forming, exploring 'garbage' and public copulation. The authors discuss the use of ethology as a major tool in remedial action. They conclude that since heredity affects behaviour very considerably,...
Effects of trace metals on salmonid fish: the role of social hierarchies. (Special issue: Fish Behaviour and Welfare.)
Contributor(s):: Sloman, K. A.
Dominance hierarchies form among groups of salmonid fish as a result of competition over limited resources such as food and mates. These social structures occur both within natural salmonid populations and in aquaculture with associated implications for conservation and welfare. Competitive...
Special issue: Fish Behaviour and Welfare. (Special issue: Fish Behaviour and Welfare.)
Contributor(s):: Sneddon, L. U.
This special issue contains topics on the welfare of fishes in the aquaculture and fishery industries, including aspects on behaviour, feeding, diseases, transgenesis and toxicology.
Feather-pecking in poultry: its relation with ground-pecking
Contributor(s):: Blokhuis, H. J.
Observations of brown Hubbard hens in pens with or without litter showed that the motivation for non-aggressive pecking at conspecifics varies along with ground-pecking motivation. This suggests a common regulating mechanism. It is concluded that feather-pecking is redirected ground-pecking, and...
Conservation and animal welfare issues arising from forestry practices. (Special Issue: Conservation and animal welfare.)
Contributor(s):: Blumstein, D. T.
Forestry practices may directly kill animals as well as destroy and fragment their habitat. Even without habitat destruction, logging and its associated forest management practices (which include road building, re-forestation, and often increased recreational use) create noise, frighten animals,...