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Willed blindness: a discussion of our moral shortcomings in relation to animals
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Contributor(s):: Gjerris, M.
This article describes how we seem to live in a willed blindness towards the effects that our meat production and consumption have on animals, the environment and the climate. A willed blindness that cannot be explained by either lack of knowledge or scientific uncertainty. The blindness enables...
Environmental ethics for social work: Social work's responsibility to the non-human world
Contributor(s):: Gray, Mel, Coates, John
An Alternative Approach for Investigating the Carcinogenicity of Indoor Air Pollution: Pets as Sentinels of Environmental Cancer Risk
Contributor(s):: John A. Bukowski, Daniel Wartenberg
Traditionally, the cancer risks associated with radon, environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), and similar indoor residential exposures have been evaluated through either laboratory experiments in rodents or epidemiology studies in people. Laboratory studies have the advantage of being controlled...
Links among human health, animal health, and ecosystem health
Contributor(s):: Rabinowitz, P., Conti, L.
Fel d 1 and Can f 1 in settled dust and airborne Fel d 1 in allergen avoidance day-care centres for atopic children in relation to number of pet-owners, ventilation and general cleaning
Contributor(s):: Wickman, M., Egmar, A., Emenius, G., Almqvist, C., Berglind, N., Larsson, P., Van Hage-Hamsten, M.
Farmers engaged in deliberative practices; An ethnographic exploration of the mosaic of concerns in livestock agriculture
Contributor(s):: Driessen, C.
The effect of European starlings and ambient air temperature on Salmonella enterica contamination within cattle feed bunks
Contributor(s):: Carlson, J. C., Ellis, J. W., Tupper, S. K., Franklin, A. B., Linz, G. M.
A review of WTO and environmental issues
Contributor(s):: Stonehouse, D. P.
Multiple negotiating rounds of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and World Trade Organization (WTO) since 1947 have conferred economic benefits through liberalized international trade. A growing body of evidence also points to linkages between liberalized trade and damage to the...
Agricultural development and associated environmental and ethical issues in South Asia
Contributor(s):: Khan, M. A., Shah, S. A. A.
South Asia is one of the most densely populated regions of the world, where despite a slow growth, agriculture remains the backbone of rural economy as it employs one half to over 90 percent of the labor force. Both extensive and intensive policy measures for agriculture development to feed the...
Environmental risks of pesticides versus genetic engineering for agricultural pest control
Contributor(s):: Paoletti, M. G., Pimentel, D.
This paper discusses the environmental risks of pesticides as compared to the risks associated with the application of genetic engineering and biotechnology in agricultural pest, plant pathogen and weed control. It is suggested that in terms of environmental and public health impacts, pesticides...
Intensive livestock farming: global trends, increased environmental concerns, and ethical solutions
Contributor(s):: Ilea, R. C.
By 2050, global livestock production is expected to double - growing faster than any other agricultural sub-sector - with most of this increase taking place in the developing world. As the United Nation's four-hundred-page report, Livestock's Long Shadow: Environmental Issues and Options,...
Local perception of environmental change in a semi-arid area of northeast Brazil: a new approach for the use of participatory methods at the level of family units
Contributor(s):: Sieber, S. S., Medeiros, P. M., Albuquerque, U. P.
The diversity of plant resources in the Brazilian semi-arid region is being compromised by practices related to agriculture, pastures, and forest harvesting, especially in areas containing Caatinga vegetation (xeric shrublands and thorn forests). The impact of these practices constitutes a...
The fat of the land: linking American food overconsumption, obesity, and biodiversity loss
Contributor(s):: Cafaro, P. J., Primack, R. B., Zimdahl, R. L.
Americans' excessive consumption of food harms their health and quality of life and also causes direct and indirect environmental degradation, through habitat loss and increased pollution from agricultural fertilizers and pesticides. We show here that reducing food consumption (and eating less...
Pain issues in poultry. (Special Issue: Pain in farm animals.)
Contributor(s):: Gentle, M. J.
This review highlights the possible pain experienced by layer and broiler poultry in modern husbandry conditions. Receptors which respond to noxous stimulation (nociceptors) have been identified and physiologically characterised in many different part of the body of the chicken including the...
Four types of activities that affect animals: implications for animal welfare science and animal ethics philosophy
Contributor(s):: Fraser, D., MacRae, A. M.
People affect animals through four broad types of activity: (1) people keep companion, farm, laboratory and captive wild animals, often while using them for some purpose; (2) people cause deliberate harm to animals through activities such as slaughter, pest control, hunting, and toxicology...
Amounts of pesticides reaching target pests: environmental impacts and ethics
Contributor(s):: Pimentel, D.
An examination of published work on arthropod pests, pathogens and weeds of crops indicated that less than 0.1% of pesticides applied for pest control reach their target pests. Thus, more than 99.9% of pesticides used move into the environment where they adversely affect public health and...
Are intensive agricultural practices environmentally and ethically sound?
Contributor(s):: Lal, R., Miller, F. P., Logan, T. J.
Improper soil management and indiscriminate use of chemicals have contributed to some severe global environmental issues, e.g., volatilization losses and contamination of natural waters by sediments and agricultural fertilizers and pesticides. The increasing substitution of energy for labour and...
Dogs a sentinels of human risk from environmental origin: interest for saturnim prevention; first study conducted in the Alfort French Veterinary School
Contributor(s):: Enriquez, B., Hakou, G., Tabaries, A., Revol, B., Moal, J. le, Sasco, A., Benet, J. J.
A study was carried out at the Alfort Veterinary School to apply the concept of sentinel animals to environmental toxicology, associated with pet epidemiology. The recruitment, with owners' consent, of adequate dogs (over 10 kg) in sufficient number, at the School's attending clinics has made it...
Ethanol fuels: energy security, economics and the environment
Problems of fuel ethanol production have been the subject of numerous reports, including this analysis. The conclusions are that ethanol: does not improve US energy security; is uneconomical; is not a renewable energy source; and increases environmental degradation. Ethanol production is...
Groundwater quality: responsible agriculture and public perceptions
Contributor(s):: Goss, M. J., Barry, D. A. J.
The chief sources of groundwater contamination on farms come from point sources and diffuse sources. Possible point sources are feedlots, poorly-sited manure piles, septic sewage-treatment systems-all of which can release nitrate, phosphates and bacteria- and sites of chemical spills. Diffuse...