Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study
Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.
The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...
An investigation of the Rusbult Investment Model of commitment in relationships with pets
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Contributor(s):: Baker, Z. G., Petit, W. E., Brown, C. M.
The present research examines relationships between people and their pets through the lens of the Rusbult Investment Model. The Rusbult Investment Model identifies important antecedents to commitment in a relationship: satisfaction with the relationship, quality of alternatives to the...
Validation of HOBO Pendant data loggers for automated step detection in two age classes of male turkeys: growers and finishers
Contributor(s):: Dalton, H. A., Wood, B. J., Dickey, J. P., Torrey, S.
Activity levels can be used as a predictor of health status, physical condition, feed efficiency, and coping style in animals. Small, portable data loggers have been validated as an inexpensive and effective alternative to video or live observation for automated activity detection in several...
Assessment of severity and progression of canine cognitive dysfunction syndrome using the CAnine DEmentia Scale (CADES)
Contributor(s):: Madari, A., Farbakova, J., Katina, S., Smolek, T., Novak, P., Weissova, T., Novak, M., Zilka, N.
Cognitive dysfunction syndrome (CDS) represents a group of symptoms related to the aging of the canine brain. These changes ultimately lead to a decline of memory function and learning abilities, alteration of social interaction, impairment of normal housetraining, changes in sleep-wake cycle and...
Dominance rank is associated with body condition in outdoor-living domestic horses ( Equus caballus)
Contributor(s):: Giles, S. L., Nicol, C. J., Harris, P. A., Rands, S. A.
The aim of our study was to explore the association between dominance rank and body condition in outdoor group-living domestic horses, Equus caballus. Social interactions were recorded using a video camera during a feeding test, applied to 203 horses in 42 herds. Dominance rank was assigned to...
Factors influencing stereotypic behaviours of animals rescued from Asian animal markets: a slow loris case study
Contributor(s):: Moore, R. S., Cabana, F., Nekaris, K. A. I.
Illegal wildlife trade has devastating effects on wild populations in Southeast Asia, made evident from the rising numbers of threatened species found in rescue centres. The prevalence of slow lorises ( Nycticebus spp.) in trade allows for the first time, a study of the response of wild-caught...
Predicting time spent on different behavioural activities from physicochemical properties of fibrous diets in finishing pigs
Contributor(s):: Bakare, A. G., Ndou, S. P., Madzimure, J., Chimonyo, M.
The objective of the present study was to predict time spent on different behavioural activities by finishing pigs, using physicochemical measurements of fibrous feed. Eighty four Large White * Landrace barrows with 80.54.7 kg body weight (BW) at the beginning of the experiment were used. Feed...
Behavioural reactivity of ewes and lambs during partial and total social isolation
Contributor(s):: Barnard, S., Matthews, L. R., Messori, S., Vulpiani, M. P., Ferri, N.
This work investigated the differences in the reactivity of Sarda (primiparous n=18, multiparous n=17) and Dorset (multiparous n=8) breeds of sheep and their singleton lambs to two challenging test situations involving a mother-lamb partial separation test and an isolation test. Non-parametric...
Is there a bias against stray cats in shelters? People's perception of shelter cats and how it influences adoption time
Contributor(s):: Dybdall, K., Strasser, R.
The determination of adoptability is a fundamental issue facing shelters wishing to rehome cats. Many shelters in the United States cannot keep a cat indefinitely and increased time in the shelter environment may lead to reduced animal welfare due to chronic stress or euthanasia. In a series of...
Adopter-dog interactions at the shelter: behavioral and contextual predictors of adoption
Contributor(s):: Protopopova, A., Wynne, C. D. L.
Millions of unwanted pets enter animal shelters each year in the USA, but only a portion leave alive. Previous research has found that morphology and in-kennel behavior influence adoption. The current study evaluated whether any behaviors exhibited by dogs during an out-of-kennel interaction with...
Tail biting behaviour and tail damage in pigs and the relationship with general behaviour: predicting the inevitable?
Contributor(s):: Ursinus, W. W., Reenen, C. G. van, Kemp, B., Bolhuis, J. E.
Tail biting behaviour in pigs is a common problem in conventional housing systems. Our study examined the consistency over time in tail biting and tail damage and it explored the predictive value of general behaviours observed in individual pigs and in pens as a whole. Pigs ( n=480), reared in...
Pain-suppressed behaviors in the red-tailed hawk ( Buteo jamaicensis)
Contributor(s):: Mazor-Thomas, J. E., Mann, P. E., Karas, A. Z., Tseng, F.
Our ability to provide analgesia in wild and exotic patients is hampered by a lack of species-specific information on effective drugs and protocols. One contributing factor is the difficulty of applying data from traditional laboratory tests of nociception to clinical conditions frequently...
Personality assessment in African elephants ( Loxodonta africana): comparing the temporal stability of ethological coding versus trait rating
Contributor(s):: Horback, K. M., Miller, L. J., Kuczaj, S. A., II
The consistency of personality assessment was addressed in this study of 12 zoological African elephants living at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park in Escondido, CA, USA during the 2010 and 2011 summer seasons. Using 480 h of observational behavior data, three personality traits were determined...
Do dog behavioral characteristics predict the quality of the relationship between dogs and their owners?
Contributor(s):: Hoffman, C. L., Chen, P., Serpell, J. A., Jacobson, K. C.
Effects of age and group type on social behaviour of male western gorillas ( Gorilla gorilla gorilla) in North American zoos
Contributor(s):: Stoinski, T. S., Lukas, K. E., Kuhar, C. W.
Icelandic horses with the Silver coat colour show altered behaviour in a fear reaction test
Contributor(s):: Brunberg, E., Gille, S., Mikko, S., Lindgren, G., Keeling, L. J.
Pet's presence and owner's blood pressures during the daily lives of pet owners with pre- to mild hypertension
Contributor(s):: Friedmann, E., Thomas, S. A., Son, H. S., Chapa, D., McCune, S.
An assessment of behavioural syndromes in rangeland-raised beef cattle
Contributor(s):: Wesley, R. L., Cibils, A. F., Mulliniks, J. T., Pollak, E. R., Petersen, M. K., Fredrickson, E. L.
Are there differences between behavioral measurement methods? A comparison of the predictive validity of two ratings methods in a working dog program
Contributor(s):: Wilsson, E., Sinn, D. L.
Artificial colour treatment mediates aggression among unfamiliar vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops): a model for introducing primates with colourful sexual skin
Contributor(s):: Gerald, M. S., Weiss, A., Ayala, J. E.