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Benefits and Risks for People and Livestock of Keeping Companion Animals: Searching for a Healthy Balance
Contributor(s):: Sterneberg-van der Maaten, T., Turner, D., Van Tilburg, J., Vaarten, J.
Noise sensitivity in 17 dog breeds: prevalence, breed risk and correlation with fear in other situations
Contributor(s):: Storengen, L. M., Lingaas, F.
A web-based survey was conducted to estimate prevalence of noise sensitivity in 17 dog breeds in Norway ( n=5257). Major focus was on noise from fireworks, loud noises (bang/gunshots), thunderstorms and heavy traffic. The study also investigated risk factors as well as correlation with some other...
Of mice and men: European precautionary standards challenged by uncertainty
Contributor(s):: Roussary, A., Bouet, B., Salles, D.
For several years, the official European method for deciding whether or not shellfish were fit for human consumption was the mouse bioassay, which was eventually replaced by chemical testing. In this paper, we examine the process of this change, looking at how devices of social, technical, and...
Preventing dog bite injuries: the need for a collaborative approach
Contributor(s):: Keuster, T. de, Overall, K. L.
This article discusses an open-minded multidisciplinary approach for preventing primary and secondary dog bites. This approach is based on the recognition of the interaction between the dog, human and environment in which they interact. Focus is given on the analysis of problem or potential...
A social contract for biotechnology: shared visions for risky technologies? (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)
Contributor(s):: Bruce, D. M.
Future technological developments concerning food, agriculture, and the environment face the conflict of social legitimation from a skeptical public and media, in the wake of the crises of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, genetic modified (GM) food, and foot and mouth disease in the UK. Key...
Ethical and value-based aspects of the European Commission's precautionary principle. (Special issue: The Precautionary Principle)
Contributor(s):: Carr, S.
In February 2000, the European Commission adopted a communication on the precautionary principle. This states how the commission intends to apply the principle and establishes guidelines for its application. The document is intended to inform discussions on international agreements. In...
Exploring the links between science, risk, uncertainty, and ethics in regulatory controversies about genetically modified crops
Contributor(s):: Carr, S., Levidow, L.
Just as a stream of genetically modified crops looked set to be approved for commercial production in the European Union, the approval procedure appears to have become bogged down once again by disagreements among and within member states. Old controversies have resurfaced in new forms. The...
Finding a precautionary approach to technological developments - lessons for the evaluation of GM crops. (Special issue: The Precautionary Principle)
Contributor(s):: Mayer, S., Stirling, A.
The introduction of genetically modified (GM) crops and foods into Europe has generated considerable controversy. Despite a risk assessment system that is intended to be precautionary in nature, the decisions that have been taken have not gathered public confidence. Key attributes of a...
Special Issue: Ethics and the politics of food. (Special Issue: Ethics and the politics of food.)
Contributor(s):: Lien, M. E., Anthony, R.
This special issue examines how best to manage food production, distribution and consumption in an ethically viable manner. This issue consists of five papers. The first paper explains the differences between US and EU policies on genetically modified food and crops. The second paper explores the...
Sustainable development and Norwegian genetic engineering regulations: applications, impacts, and challenges
Contributor(s):: Myhr, A. I., Traavik, T.
The main purpose of The Norwegian Gene Technology Act (1993) is to enforce containment of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and control of GMO releases. Furthermore, the Act intends to ensure that "production and use of GMOs should take place in an ethically and socially justifiable way, in...
The homiletics of risk. (Special issue: The Precautionary Principle)
Contributor(s):: Busch, L.
Today there is considerable disagreement between the USA and the EU with respect to food safety standards. Issues include genetically modified organisms, beef hormones, unpasteurized cheese, etc. In general, it is usually asserted that Europeans argue for the precautionary principle (with...
Pet-keeping in early childhood and airway, nose and skin symptoms later in life
Contributor(s):: Bornehag, C. G., Sundell, J., Hagerhed, L., Janson, S.
Background: It is discussed whether exposure to pets during childhood is a risk or a protective factor for sensitization and allergic symptoms. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between pet-keeping at time of birth and allergic symptoms in airways, nose and skin among young...
Livestock-associated MRSA: epidemiology in animal production chains, transmission to humans and charateristics of the clone
Contributor(s):: Wagenaar, J. A., Giessen, A. van de
MRSA infections in people working with pigs was confirmed in 2005. Dutch data from 9 abattoirs showed that 39% of pigs and 81% of slaughter batches was contaminated with MRSA. All strains belonged to the sequence type ST398. This clone is now known as livestock-associated MRSA (LA-MRSA). A...
BSE in the UK: why the risk communication strategy failed. (Special issue: Farm animal diseases in context)
Contributor(s):: Jensen, K. K.
The 2000 BSE Inquiry report points out that the most serious failure of the UK Government was one of risk communication. This paper argues that the government's failure to communicate the risks BSE posed to humans to a large degree can be traced back to a lack of transparency in the first risk...
Ethics in the societal debate on genetically modified organisms: a (re)quest for Sense and Sensibility
Contributor(s):: Devos, Y., Maeseele, P., Reheul, D., Speybroeck, L. van, Waele, D. de
Via a historical reconstruction, this paper primarily demonstrates how the societal debate on genetically modified organisms (GMOs) gradually extended in terms of actors involved and concerns reflected. It is argued that the implementation of recombinant DNA technology out of the laboratory and...
Risk communication, value judgments, and the public-policy maker relationship in a climate of public sensitivity toward animals: revisiting Britain's foot and mouth crisis. (Special issue: Farm animal diseases in context)
Contributor(s):: Anthony, R.
This paper offers some suggestions on, and encouragement for, how to be better at risk communication in times of agricultural crisis. During the foot and mouth epizootic, the British public, having no precedent to deal with such a rapid and widespread epizootic, no existing rules or conventions,...
The introduction of the precautionary principle in Danish environmental policy: the case of plant growth retardants
Contributor(s):: Lokke, S., Christensen, P.
In this paper, we investigate the Precautionary Principle (PP) in action. Precaution is a fairly new concept in environmental policy. It emerged back in the 1960s but did not consolidate until the 1980s, as it formed part of the major changes taking place in environmental policies at that time....
The humaneness of rodent pest control
Contributor(s):: Mason, G., Littin, K. E.