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  1. Pets, Purity and Pollution: Why Conventional Models of Disease Transmission Do Not Work for Pet Rat Owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Charlotte Robin, Elizabeth Perkins, Francine Watkins, Robert Christley

    In the United Kingdom, following the emergence of Seoul hantavirus in pet rat owners in 2012, public health authorities tried to communicate the risk of this zoonotic disease, but had limited success. To explore this lack of engagement with health advice, we conducted in-depth, semi-structured...

  2. Assessing the Risk of a Canine Rabies Incursion in Northern Australia

    | Contributor(s):: Emily G. Hudson, Victoria J. Brookes, Michael P. Ward

    Rabies is a globally distributed virus that causes approximately 60,00 human deaths annually with >99% of cases caused by dog bites. Australia is currently canine rabies free. However, the recent eastward spread of rabies in the Indonesian archipelago has increased the probability of rabies...

  3. Modeling perceived risk from coyotes among Chicago residents

    | Contributor(s):: Molly Spacapan

    Coyote management in urban areas has become a concern for wildlife professionals. In the Greater Chicago Metropolitan Region (GCMR) wildlife professionals have received an increased number of complaints from residents. Based on cultural theory and cognitive hierarchy theory, we hypothesized that...

  4. Preventing and Investigating Horse-Related Human Injury and Fatality in Work and Non-Work Equestrian Environments: A Consideration of the Workplace Health and Safety Framework

    | Contributor(s):: Meredith Chapman, Kirrilly Thompson

    It has been suggested that one in five riders will be injured due to a fall from a horse, resulting in severe head or torso injuries. Attempts to reduce injury have primarily focussed on low level risk controls, such as helmets. In comparison, risk mitigation in high risk workplaces and sports is...

  5. Improving the Understanding of Psychological Factors Contributing to Horse-Related Accident and Injury: Context, Loss of Focus, Cognitive Errors and Rigidity

    | Contributor(s):: Jodi DeAraugo, Suzanne McLaren, Phil McManus, Paul D. McGreevy

    While the role of the horse in riding hazards is well recognised, little attention has been paid to the role of specific theoretical psychological processes of humans in contributing to and mitigating risk. The injury, mortality or compensation claim rates for participants in the horse-racing...

  6. Factors Influencing the Safety Behavior of German Equestrians: Attitudes towards Protective Equipment and Peer Behaviors

    | Contributor(s):: Christina-Maria Ikinger, Jana Baldamus, Achim Spiller

    Human interactions with horses entail certain risks. Although the acceptance and use of protective gear is increasing, a high number of incidents and very low or inconsistent voluntary use of safety equipment are reported. While past studies have examined factors influencing the use of safety...

  7. Look Before You Leap: What Are the Obstacles to Risk Calculation in the Equestrian Sport of Eventing?

    | Contributor(s):: Denzil O'Brien

    All horse-riding is risky. In competitive horse sports, eventing is considered the riskiest, and is often characterised as very dangerous. But based on what data? There has been considerable research on the risks and unwanted outcomes of horse-riding in general, and on particular subsets of...

  8. Observation of public health risk behaviors, risk communication and hand hygiene at Kansas and Missouri petting zoos – 2010-2011

    | Contributor(s):: Gonzalo Erdozain, Katherine KuKanich, Benjamin Chapman, Douglas A. Powell

    Outbreaks of human illness have been linked to visiting settings with animal contact throughout developed countries. This paper details an observational study of hand hygiene tool availability and recommendations; frequency of risky behavior; and, handwashing attempts by visitors in Kansas (9)...

  9. Reconciling Horse Welfare, Worker Safety, and Public Expectations: Horse Event Incident Management Systems in Australia

    | Contributor(s):: Julie M. Fiedler, Paul D. McGreevy

    Human-horse interactions have a rich tradition and can be highly rewarding, particularly within sport and recreation pursuits, but they can also be dangerous or even life-threatening. In parallel, sport and recreation pursuits involving animals, including horses, are facing an increased level of...

  10. The Contribution of Equitation Science to Minimising Horse-Related Risks to Humans

    | Contributor(s):: Melissa Starling, Andrew McLean, Paul McGreevy

    Equitation science is an evidence-based approach to horse training and riding that focuses on a thorough understanding of both equine ethology and learning theory. This combination leads to more effective horse training, but also plays a role in keeping horse riders and trainers safe around...

  11. Moral Panic, Risk or Hazard Society — the Relevance of a Theoretical Model and Framings of Maidan Dogs in Chisinau and Bucharest

    | Contributor(s):: Adriana Mica

    The study analyses the dynamics of public debate surrounding the issue of maidan [stray] dog population control strategies in Moldavia and Romania. The comparison takes as its point of reference two episodes of moral panic and discusses the applicability of the theoretical models of moral panic,...

  12. Applying social science to inform conservation solutions regarding owned outdoor cats in urbanizing landscapes

    | Contributor(s):: Ashley Gramza

    Free-ranging domestic cats (Felis catus) incur and impose risks on ecosystems and represent a complex issue of critical importance to wildlife conservation and domestic cat and human health. There is an inherent social dimension to the issue of owned free-ranging cats, as humans are their...

  13. Population demographic survey and ownership of pet dogs and cats from a small city of southern Brazil

    | Contributor(s):: Trapp, S. M., Maeda, M. S. C. de F., Kemper, B., Barca Junior, F. A., Freire, R. L., Pretto-Giordano, L. G., Headley, S. A.

    This study evaluated the population dynamics and ownerships of dogs and cats from the city of Jaguapita, southern Brazil. The human to dog and cat ratios were 4.6 and 21.5, respectively. Comparatively more dogs ( n=2,460) than cats ( n=571) were within the households and there were significantly...

  14. Large dog relinquishment to two municipal facilities in New York City and Washington, D.C.: identifying targets for intervention

    | Contributor(s):: Weiss, E., Slater, M., Garrison, L., Drain, N., Dolan, E., Scarlett, J. M., Zawistowski, S. L.

    While the overall trend in euthanasia has been decreasing nationally, large dogs are at a higher risk of euthanasia than other sized dogs in most animal shelters in the United States. We hypothesized one way to increase the lives saved with respect to these large dogs is to keep them home when...

  15. Proactive management of the equine athlete

    | Contributor(s):: Rogers, C. W., Bolwell, C. F., Gee, E. K.

    Across many equestrian disciplines the median competition career of a horse is relatively short. One of the major reasons for short career length is musculoskeletal injury and a consistent variable is the trainer effect. There are significant opportunities within equestrian sport for a holistic...

  16. Review of the risks of some canine zoonoses from free-roaming dogs in the post-disaster setting of Latin America

    | Contributor(s):: Garde, E., Acosta-Jamett, G., Bronsvoort, B. M.

    In the absence of humane and sustainable control strategies for free-roaming dogs (FRD) and the lack of effective disaster preparedness planning in developing regions of the world, the occurrence of canine zoonoses is a potentially important yet unrecognized issue. The existence of large...

  17. Emerging and re-emerging zoonoses of dogs and cats

    | Contributor(s):: Chomel, B. B.

    Since the middle of the 20th century, pets are more frequently considered as "family members" within households. However, cats and dogs still can be a source of human infection by various zoonotic pathogens. Among emerging or re-emerging zoonoses, viral diseases, such as rabies (mainly from dog...

  18. Noise sensitivity in 17 dog breeds: prevalence, breed risk and correlation with fear in other situations

    | Contributor(s):: Storengen, L. M., Lingaas, F.

    A web-based survey was conducted to estimate prevalence of noise sensitivity in 17 dog breeds in Norway ( n=5257). Major focus was on noise from fireworks, loud noises (bang/gunshots), thunderstorms and heavy traffic. The study also investigated risk factors as well as correlation with some other...

  19. Quantitative assessment of human and pet exposure to Salmonella associated with dry pet foods

    | Contributor(s):: Lambertini, E., Buchanan, R. L., Narrod, C., Ford, R. M., Baker, R. C., Pradhan, A. K.

    Recent Salmonella outbreaks associated with dry pet foods and treats highlight the importance of these foods as previously overlooked exposure vehicles for both pets and humans. In the last decade efforts have been made to raise the safety of this class of products, for instance by upgrading...

  20. Conceptions of equine welfare in Finnish horse magazines

    | Contributor(s):: Schuurman, N.

    Keeping equines for leisure purposes has become increasingly popular. Along with the wider concern for animal welfare, the question of equine welfare has attracted increasing attention. The purpose of this article is to ask what is understood by equine welfare and how it is perceived in...