Population demographic survey and ownership of pet dogs and cats from a small city of southern Brazil
Contributor(s):: Trapp, S. M., Maeda, M. S. C. de F., Kemper, B., Barca Junior, F. A., Freire, R. L., Pretto-Giordano, L. G., Headley, S. A.
This study evaluated the population dynamics and ownerships of dogs and cats from the city of Jaguapita, southern Brazil. The human to dog and cat ratios were 4.6 and 21.5, respectively. Comparatively more dogs ( n=2,460) than cats ( n=571) were within the households and there were significantly...
Large dog relinquishment to two municipal facilities in New York City and Washington, D.C.: identifying targets for intervention
Contributor(s):: Weiss, E., Slater, M., Garrison, L., Drain, N., Dolan, E., Scarlett, J. M., Zawistowski, S. L.
While the overall trend in euthanasia has been decreasing nationally, large dogs are at a higher risk of euthanasia than other sized dogs in most animal shelters in the United States. We hypothesized one way to increase the lives saved with respect to these large dogs is to keep them home when...
Review of the risks of some canine zoonoses from free-roaming dogs in the post-disaster setting of Latin America
Contributor(s):: Garde, E., Acosta-Jamett, G., Bronsvoort, B. M.
In the absence of humane and sustainable control strategies for free-roaming dogs (FRD) and the lack of effective disaster preparedness planning in developing regions of the world, the occurrence of canine zoonoses is a potentially important yet unrecognized issue. The existence of large...
Zoonotic disease risks for immunocompromised and other high-risk clients and staff: promoting safe pet ownership and contact
Contributor(s):: Stull, J. W., Stevenson, K. B.
Pets can be a source of disease (zoonoses) for humans. The disease risks associated with pet contact are highest among young children, the elderly, pregnant women, and immunocompromised hosts. These individuals and household members display limited knowledge of pet-associated disease, rarely...
The mini-cup jelly court cases: a comparative analysis from a food ethics perspective
Contributor(s):: Kim, SukShin
This study compares and analyzes separate court rulings in three countries on "mini-cup jelly" (a firm jelly containing konjac and packaged in bite-sized plastic cups) from a food ethics perspective. While the Korean and US courts decided that the mini-cup jelly was defective, and that the...
Responsible pet ownership and dog owners conduct in the county of Alegre-ES
Contributor(s):: Loss, L. D., Mussi, J. M. S., Mello, I. N. K. de, Leao, M. S., Franque, M. P.
Study of aggression by dogs, according to the kind of interaction between dog and victim and motivating circumstances in the accidents, Municipality of Sao Paulo, 2008 to 2009Estudo das agressoes por caes, segundo tipo de interacao entre cao e vitima
Contributor(s):: Paranhos, N. T., Silva, E. A., Bernardi, F., Mendes, M. C. N. C., Junqueira, D. M. A. G., Souza, I. O. M., Albuquerque, J. O. M., Alves, J. C. M., Machado, M. N. P.
Apparent prevalence of swine brucellosis in feral swine in the United States
Contributor(s):: Pedersen, K., Bevins, S. N., Schmit, B. S., Lutman, M. W., Milleson, M. P., Turnage, C. T., Bigelow, T. T., DeLiberto, T. J.
Using dietary analyses to reduce the risk of wildlife-aircraft collisions
Contributor(s):: Washburn, B. E., Bernhardt, G. E., Kutschbach-Brohl, L. A.
Household pets among veterans with multiple sclerosis and age-matched controls. Pilot survey
Contributor(s):: Norman, J. E., Jr., Cook, S. D., Dowling, P. C.
Preventing dog bite injuries: the need for a collaborative approach
Contributor(s):: Keuster, T. de, Overall, K. L.
This article discusses an open-minded multidisciplinary approach for preventing primary and secondary dog bites. This approach is based on the recognition of the interaction between the dog, human and environment in which they interact. Focus is given on the analysis of problem or potential...
Assessment of GM crops in commercial agriculture
Contributor(s):: Clark, E. A., Lehman, H.
The calibre of the recent discourse regarding genetically modified organisms (GMOs) has suffered from a lack of consensus on terminology, from the scarcity of evidence upon which to assess risk to health and to the environment, and from value differences between proponents and opponents of GMOs....
Commercialization of perennial GE crops: looming challenges for regulatory frameworks
Contributor(s):: Bagavathiannan, M. V., Spok, A., Acker, R. C. van
Overall, the deregulation of genetically engineered (GE) crops for commercial cultivation in North America has been a success story. In several cases, however, GE crops have sparked concerns and disagreements among the stakeholders and there are incidences of court lawsuits, including a recent...
Risk of public disclosure in environmental farm plan programs: characteristics and mitigating legal and policy strategies
Contributor(s):: Yiridoe, E. K.
Although various studies have shown that farmers believe there is the need for a producer-led initiative to address the environmental problems from agriculture, farmers in several Canadian provinces have been reluctant to widely participate in Environmental Farm Plan (EFP) programmes. Few studies...
Special Issue: Ethics and the politics of food. (Special Issue: Ethics and the politics of food.)
Contributor(s):: Lien, M. E., Anthony, R.
This special issue examines how best to manage food production, distribution and consumption in an ethically viable manner. This issue consists of five papers. The first paper explains the differences between US and EU policies on genetically modified food and crops. The second paper explores the...
The homiletics of risk. (Special issue: The Precautionary Principle)
Contributor(s):: Busch, L.
Today there is considerable disagreement between the USA and the EU with respect to food safety standards. Issues include genetically modified organisms, beef hormones, unpasteurized cheese, etc. In general, it is usually asserted that Europeans argue for the precautionary principle (with...
Colorado animal-based plague surveillance systems: relationships between targeted animal species and prediction efficacy of areas at risk for humans
Contributor(s):: Lowell, J. L., Eisen, R. J., Schotthoefer, A. M., Liang, X. C., Montenieri, J. A., Tanda, D., Pape, J., Schriefer, M. E., Antolin, M. F., Gage, K. L.
Human plague risks (Yersinia pestis infection) are greatest when epizootics cause high mortality among this bacterium's natural rodent hosts. Therefore, health departments in plague-endemic areas commonly establish animal-based surveillance programs to monitor Y. pestis infection among plague...
Locus of control and farmer orientation: effects on conservation adoption
Contributor(s):: McNairn, H. E., Mitchell, B.
Farmers in a southwestern Ontario watershed were surveyed to determine factors influencing their attitudes towards adoption of soil conservation practices. The majority of farmers in the watershed were internally motivated, which indicates that they believe that their own actions determine their...
Dog training as a violence prevention tool for at-risk adolescents
Contributor(s):: Zasloff, R. L., Hart, L. A., Weiss, J. M.
Humane education programs often target at-risk children and seek to teach empathy and gentleness with animals, but few of these have been assessed. This prospective, longitudinal study examined the effects of "Teaching Love and Compassion" (TLC), a humane education program employing educational...