Relationship between sociability toward humans and physiological stress in dogs
Contributor(s):: Yoon-Joo Shin, Nam-Shik Shin
Sociability is an essential trait for dogs to successfully interact with humans. In this study, the relationship between sociability and physiological stress was examined. Additionally, whether differences exist between companion dogs (C group) and shelter dogs (S group) was examined. Overall,...
Domestic dogs' understanding of human emotional cues
Contributor(s):: Min Hooi Yong
Past research has focused on the ability of domestic dogs to recognise human communicative cues such as human pointing, eye gaze, attachment behaviour, social learning, and responses to affective stimuli. However, there is still much to be learned about dogs’ ability to recognise human...
Technology and restructuring the social field of dairy farming: hybrid capitals, 'stockmanship' and Automatic Milking Systems
Contributor(s):: Butler, D., Holloway, L.
Using Automatic Milking Systems (AMS) as an example we use the work of Bourdieu to illustrate how technology can be seen as restructuring dairy farming practices, what it is to be a dairy farmer, and the wider field of dairy farming. Approaching technology in this way and drawing upon the...
Cortisol levels in dolphin Tursiops truncatus interactive programs linked to humanNiveles de cortisol en delfines Tursiops truncatus vinculados a programas interactivos con humanos
Contributor(s):: Sanchez Okrucky, R., Morales Vela, B.
Understanding the physiological changes in animals during physical activity to improve animal welfare has become increasingly important in animal collections that remain under human care. To date, the effect of interactive programs on dolphins under human care has not been evaluated, for that...
A review and synthesis of dog cognition research : the world from a dog's point of view
Contributor(s):: Miles Kuiling Bensky
Driven by both applied and theoretical goals, scientific interest in canine cognition has experienced a rapid surge in popularity, especially over the last 15 years (Morell, 2009). Here we provide the most comprehensive review to date of dog cognition research, capturing all the articles (285) we...
Family Dog Project: history and future of the ethological approach to human-dog interaction
Contributor(s):: Abdai, J., Miklosi, A.
Dogs occupy a specific niche in the human social environment. Some authors argued that dogs' social competence show functional similarities in their components (e.g. attachment, rule following) to that of humans due to their long history living in anthropogenic environment if proper socialisation...
The social network structure of a dynamic group of dairy cows: from individual to group level patterns
Contributor(s):: Boyland, N. K., Mlynski, D. T., James, R., Brent, L. J. N., Croft, D. P.
Social relationships have been shown to significantly impact individual and group success in wild animal populations, but are largely ignored in farm animal management. There are substantial gaps in our knowledge of how farm animals respond to their social environment, which varies greatly...
Children with avoidant or disorganized attachment relate differently to a dog and to humans during a socially stressful situation
Contributor(s):: Wedl, M., Kotrschal, K., Julius, H., Beetz, A.
Human attachment representations are shaped in interaction with the primary caregiver and are generally transferred to further bonding/social partners later in life. According to previous evidence, primary attachment representations acquired with humans do not seem to be transferred to companion...
Social support does not require attachment: any conspecific tranquilizes isolated guinea-pig pups
Contributor(s):: Tokumaru, R. S., Ades, C., Monticelli, P. F.
Guinea pig pups produce typical distress whistles when isolated. Whistles' frequency is decreased or abolished when they contact with the mother and, to a lesser degree, a sibling or even an unfamiliar female, is regained. Those non-aggressive companions were considered social support providers...
Human-insect relationships: an ANTless story? children's, adolescents', and young adults' ways of characterizing social insects
Contributor(s):: Sammet, R., Andres, H., Dreesmann, D.
Ants may serve as powerful model organisms for uncovering principles of insect biology and social behavior. The aim of this study was to provide a quantitative analysis of secondary-school students' perceptions and knowledge of ants. It was part of a longitudinal project based on the concept of...
The potential of Social Network Analysis as a tool for the management of zoo animals
Contributor(s):: Rose, P. E., Croft, D. P.
Social Network Analysis (SNA) enables the fine scale of animal sociality and population structure to be quantified. SNA is widely applied to questions relating to behavioural ecology but has seen little use in the application to zoo animal management, despite its clear potential. Investment in...
Dog people and cat people differ on dominance-related traits
Contributor(s):: Alba, B., Haslam, N.
Many people identify themselves as being either a "cat person" or a "dog person" based on their preference for these domestic animals. The purpose of this study was to test the common belief that there are personality differences between these types. Previous research has found differences...
The cat-human relationship
Contributor(s):: Bradshaw, J. W. S., Casey, R. A., Brown, S. L.
The behaviour of cats and their interactions with humans are described.
Sociality motivation and anthropomorphic thinking about pets
Contributor(s):: Paul, E. S., Moore, A., McAinsh, P., Symonds, E., McCune, S., Bradshaw, J. W. S.
Sociality motivation, the need to feel socially connected with others, has been proposed as an important determinant of individual variation in anthropomorphic thinking. Specifically, it has been suggested that people who are socially isolated or disconnected will tend to infer more human-like...
The attachment, as a component of the social behaviour of dogs
Contributor(s):: Kocis, T. A., Lazarescu, C., Tibru, I.
The role of genes, epigenetics and ontogeny in behavioural development
Contributor(s):: Rodenburg, T. B.
This review focuses on the role of genes, epigenetics and ontogeny in behavioural development of animals. The behavioural characteristics of an individual are determined by its genes and by its physical and social environment. Not only the individual's early life and current environment are of...
Equine gatekeepers, animal narratives and foxhunting landscapes
Contributor(s):: Acton, A.
Firstly, this paper analyzes the dynamic between horse, rider, and landscape in foxhunting culture. Secondly, it considers nonhuman animals as active elements within the research process. The methodology principally involved extensive, in-depth participation as a rider within mounted foxhound...
Puppy power! Using social cognition research tasks to improve socialization practices for domestic dogs ( Canis familiaris)
Contributor(s):: Howell, T. J., Bennett, P. C.
Understanding the psychology of the domestic dog is a key element in both research and clinical applications for veterinary behaviorists. This article summarizes social cognitive skills observed in dogs in recent cognition studies. The tasks are grouped into the following 2 categories: those...
Sensing sociality in dogs: what may make an interactive robot social?
Contributor(s):: Lakatos, G., Janiak, M., Malek, L., Muszynski, R., Konok, V., Tchon, K., Miklosi, A.
This study investigated whether dogs would engage in social interactions with an unfamiliar robot, utilize the communicative signals it provides and to examine whether the level of sociality shown by the robot affects the dogs' performance. We hypothesized that dogs would react to the...
Socialization of puppies - a marker of their future behaviour
Contributor(s):: Uzunova, K., Radev, V., Varlyakov, I.
An investigation on the relationship between temperament and socialization upon the development of the behaviour of the dog was carried out. The test of Queinnek was applied on 10 puppies from the Dobermann and German Shepherd breeds. The temperament type of each puppy was determined with regard...