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  1. Technology and restructuring the social field of dairy farming: hybrid capitals, 'stockmanship' and Automatic Milking Systems

    Contributor(s):: Butler, D., Holloway, L.

    Using Automatic Milking Systems (AMS) as an example we use the work of Bourdieu to illustrate how technology can be seen as restructuring dairy farming practices, what it is to be a dairy farmer, and the wider field of dairy farming. Approaching technology in this way and drawing upon the...

  2. Cortisol levels in dolphin Tursiops truncatus interactive programs linked to humanNiveles de cortisol en delfines Tursiops truncatus vinculados a programas interactivos con humanos

    Contributor(s):: Sanchez Okrucky, R., Morales Vela, B.

    Understanding the physiological changes in animals during physical activity to improve animal welfare has become increasingly important in animal collections that remain under human care. To date, the effect of interactive programs on dolphins under human care has not been evaluated, for that...

  3. Family Dog Project: history and future of the ethological approach to human-dog interaction

    Contributor(s):: Abdai, J., Miklosi, A.

    Dogs occupy a specific niche in the human social environment. Some authors argued that dogs' social competence show functional similarities in their components (e.g. attachment, rule following) to that of humans due to their long history living in anthropogenic environment if proper socialisation...

  4. The social network structure of a dynamic group of dairy cows: from individual to group level patterns

    Contributor(s):: Boyland, N. K., Mlynski, D. T., James, R., Brent, L. J. N., Croft, D. P.

    Social relationships have been shown to significantly impact individual and group success in wild animal populations, but are largely ignored in farm animal management. There are substantial gaps in our knowledge of how farm animals respond to their social environment, which varies greatly...

  5. Children with avoidant or disorganized attachment relate differently to a dog and to humans during a socially stressful situation

    Contributor(s):: Wedl, M., Kotrschal, K., Julius, H., Beetz, A.

    Human attachment representations are shaped in interaction with the primary caregiver and are generally transferred to further bonding/social partners later in life. According to previous evidence, primary attachment representations acquired with humans do not seem to be transferred to companion...

  6. Social support does not require attachment: any conspecific tranquilizes isolated guinea-pig pups

    Contributor(s):: Tokumaru, R. S., Ades, C., Monticelli, P. F.

    Guinea pig pups produce typical distress whistles when isolated. Whistles' frequency is decreased or abolished when they contact with the mother and, to a lesser degree, a sibling or even an unfamiliar female, is regained. Those non-aggressive companions were considered social support providers...

  7. Human-insect relationships: an ANTless story? children's, adolescents', and young adults' ways of characterizing social insects

    Contributor(s):: Sammet, R., Andres, H., Dreesmann, D.

    Ants may serve as powerful model organisms for uncovering principles of insect biology and social behavior. The aim of this study was to provide a quantitative analysis of secondary-school students' perceptions and knowledge of ants. It was part of a longitudinal project based on the concept of...

  8. The potential of Social Network Analysis as a tool for the management of zoo animals

    Contributor(s):: Rose, P. E., Croft, D. P.

    Social Network Analysis (SNA) enables the fine scale of animal sociality and population structure to be quantified. SNA is widely applied to questions relating to behavioural ecology but has seen little use in the application to zoo animal management, despite its clear potential. Investment in...

  9. Dog people and cat people differ on dominance-related traits

    Contributor(s):: Alba, B., Haslam, N.

    Many people identify themselves as being either a "cat person" or a "dog person" based on their preference for these domestic animals. The purpose of this study was to test the common belief that there are personality differences between these types. Previous research has found differences...

  10. The cat-human relationship

    Contributor(s):: Bradshaw, J. W. S., Casey, R. A., Brown, S. L.

    The behaviour of cats and their interactions with humans are described.

  11. Sociality motivation and anthropomorphic thinking about pets

    Contributor(s):: Paul, E. S., Moore, A., McAinsh, P., Symonds, E., McCune, S., Bradshaw, J. W. S.

    Sociality motivation, the need to feel socially connected with others, has been proposed as an important determinant of individual variation in anthropomorphic thinking. Specifically, it has been suggested that people who are socially isolated or disconnected will tend to infer more human-like...

  12. The attachment, as a component of the social behaviour of dogs

    Contributor(s):: Kocis, T. A., Lazarescu, C., Tibru, I.

  13. The role of genes, epigenetics and ontogeny in behavioural development

    Contributor(s):: Rodenburg, T. B.

    This review focuses on the role of genes, epigenetics and ontogeny in behavioural development of animals. The behavioural characteristics of an individual are determined by its genes and by its physical and social environment. Not only the individual's early life and current environment are of...

  14. Equine gatekeepers, animal narratives and foxhunting landscapes

    Contributor(s):: Acton, A.

    Firstly, this paper analyzes the dynamic between horse, rider, and landscape in foxhunting culture. Secondly, it considers nonhuman animals as active elements within the research process. The methodology principally involved extensive, in-depth participation as a rider within mounted foxhound...

  15. Puppy power! Using social cognition research tasks to improve socialization practices for domestic dogs ( Canis familiaris)

    Contributor(s):: Howell, T. J., Bennett, P. C.

    Understanding the psychology of the domestic dog is a key element in both research and clinical applications for veterinary behaviorists. This article summarizes social cognitive skills observed in dogs in recent cognition studies. The tasks are grouped into the following 2 categories: those...

  16. Sensing sociality in dogs: what may make an interactive robot social?

    Contributor(s):: Lakatos, G., Janiak, M., Malek, L., Muszynski, R., Konok, V., Tchon, K., Miklosi, A.

    This study investigated whether dogs would engage in social interactions with an unfamiliar robot, utilize the communicative signals it provides and to examine whether the level of sociality shown by the robot affects the dogs' performance. We hypothesized that dogs would react to the...

  17. Socialization of puppies - a marker of their future behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Uzunova, K., Radev, V., Varlyakov, I.

    An investigation on the relationship between temperament and socialization upon the development of the behaviour of the dog was carried out. The test of Queinnek was applied on 10 puppies from the Dobermann and German Shepherd breeds. The temperament type of each puppy was determined with regard...

  18. The effect of social buffering on fear responses in sheep ( Ovis aries)

    Contributor(s):: Gonzalez, M., Averos, X., Beltran de Heredia, I., Ruiz, R., Arranz, J., Estevez, I.

    Fear in farm animals has been extensively studied because of its close relation to animal welfare. Numerous studies have categorized the behavioral responses of animals to stimuli that can elicit a fear reaction under social isolation conditions. However, farm animals are highly social and...

  19. Behavioral correlates and welfare implications of informal interactions between caretakers and zoo-housed chimpanzees and gorillas

    Contributor(s):: Chelluri, G. I., Ross, S. R., Wagner, K. E.

  20. Early life exposures to home dampness, pet ownership and farm animal contact and neuropsychological development in 4 year old children: a prospective birth cohort study

    Contributor(s):: Casas, L., Torrent, M., Zock, J. P., Doekes, G., Forns, J., Guxens, M., Taubel, M., Heinrich, J., Sunyer, J.