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The Days and Nights of Zoo Elephants: Using Epidemiology to Better Understand Stereotypic Behavior of African Elephants (Loxodonta africana) and Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) in North American Zoos
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| Contributor(s):: Brian J. Greco, Cheryl L. Meehan, Jen N. Hogan, Katherine A. Leighty, Jill Mellen, Georgia J. Mason, Joy A. Mench
Stereotypic behavior is an important indicator of compromised welfare. Zoo elephants are documented to perform stereotypic behavior, but the factors that contribute to performance have not been systematically assessed. We collected behavioral data on 89 elephants (47 African [Loxodonta...
Cortisol levels in dolphin Tursiops truncatus interactive programs linked to humanNiveles de cortisol en delfines Tursiops truncatus vinculados a programas interactivos con humanos
| Contributor(s):: Sanchez Okrucky, R., Morales Vela, B.
Understanding the physiological changes in animals during physical activity to improve animal welfare has become increasingly important in animal collections that remain under human care. To date, the effect of interactive programs on dolphins under human care has not been evaluated, for that...
Cognition and learning in horses (Equus caballus): what we know and why we should ask more
| Contributor(s):: Brubaker, L., Udell, M. A. R.
Horses (Equus caballus) have a rich history in their relationship with humans. Across different cultures and eras they have been utilized for work, show, cultural rituals, consumption, therapy, and companionship and continue to serve in many of these roles today. As one of the most commonly...
Ontogenetic effects on gazing behaviour: a case study of kennel dogs (Labrador Retrievers) in the impossible task paradigm
| Contributor(s):: D'Aniello, B., Scandurra, A.
Life experiences and living conditions can influence the problem-solving strategies and the communicative abilities of dogs with humans. The goals of this study were to determine any behavioural differences between Labrador Retrievers living in a kennel and those living in a house as pets and to...
Does group size have an impact on welfare indicators in fattening pigs?
| Contributor(s):: Meyer-Hamme, S. E. K., Lambertz, C., Gauly, M.
Production systems for fattening pigs have been characterized over the last 2 decades by rising farm sizes coupled with increasing group sizes. These developments resulted in a serious public discussion regarding animal welfare and health in these intensive production systems. Even though large...
Silvopastoral systems for sustainable animal production and the role of animal welfare
| Contributor(s):: Broom, D.
Social behavior of domestic dogs and cats as compared to wild canine and feline species : an honors thesis
| Contributor(s):: Anthony W. Rusk
With the help of animal behavioralists, parallels have been drawn between domestic dogs and cats and their wild cousins. In some respects, social behavior in domestic animals has remained similar to characteristics found in wild animals. General observations of social conduct have been examined....
Cognition and learning in horses ( Equus caballus): what we know and why we should ask more
Horses ( Equus caballus) have a rich history in their relationship with humans. Across different cultures and eras they have been utilized for work, show, cultural rituals, consumption, therapy, and companionship and continue to serve in many of these roles today. As one of the most commonly...
Social networks and welfare in future animal management
| Contributor(s):: Koene, P., Ipema, B.
It may become advantageous to keep human-managed animals in the social network groups to which they have adapted. Data concerning the social networks of farm animal species and their ancestors are scarce but essential to establishing the importance of a natural social network for farmed animal...
Stocking density affects welfare indicators of growing pigs of different group sizes after regrouping
| Contributor(s):: Fu, LingLing, Li, HuiZhi, Liang, TingTing, Zhou, Bo, Chu, QingPo, Schinckel, A. P., Yang, XiaoJing, Zhao, RuQian, Li, PingHua, Huang, RuiHua
In recent years, the concept of animal welfare began to be accepted by the Chinese people. On some intensive pig farms, the stocking density for growing pigs is too great, leading to decreased animal welfare. In order to study the relationships between stocking density and welfare indicators and...
Children with avoidant or disorganized attachment relate differently to a dog and to humans during a socially stressful situation
| Contributor(s):: Wedl, M., Kotrschal, K., Julius, H., Beetz, A.
Human attachment representations are shaped in interaction with the primary caregiver and are generally transferred to further bonding/social partners later in life. According to previous evidence, primary attachment representations acquired with humans do not seem to be transferred to companion...
An exploration of an Equine-Facilitated Learning intervention with young offenders
| Contributor(s):: Hemingway, A., Meek, R., Hill, C. E.
This research reports a qualitative study to explore the behavioral responses and reflections from Young Offenders undertaking an Equine-Facilitated Learning (EFL) Intervention in prison in the United Kingdom. Learning was facilitated by an instructor, and the participants were taught...
Social support does not require attachment: any conspecific tranquilizes isolated guinea-pig pups
| Contributor(s):: Tokumaru, R. S., Ades, C., Monticelli, P. F.
Guinea pig pups produce typical distress whistles when isolated. Whistles' frequency is decreased or abolished when they contact with the mother and, to a lesser degree, a sibling or even an unfamiliar female, is regained. Those non-aggressive companions were considered social support providers...
Behaviour, wounds, weight loss and adrenal weight of rabbit does as affected by semi-group housing
| Contributor(s):: Buijs, S., Maertens, L., Hermans, K., Vangeyte, J., Tuyttens, F. A. M.
Group housing is often assumed to improve the welfare of gregarious species. Whether this is actually the case depends on the advantages (e.g. more opportunity for social and locomotor behaviour) and disadvantages (e.g. increased fighting and wounding) induced by the specific housing type. We...
Calculating association indices in captive animals: controlling for enclosure size and shape
| Contributor(s):: Chadwick, C. L., Springate, D. A., Rees, P. A., Armitage, R. P., O'Hara, S. J.
Indices of association are used to quantify and evaluate social affiliation among animals living in groups. Association models assume that physical proximity is an indication of social affiliation; however, individuals seen associating might simply be together by chance. This problem is...
Long-term familiarity creates preferred social partners in dairy cows
| Contributor(s):: Gutmann, A. K., Spinka, M., Winckler, C.
Group is an essential resource for gregarious animals. Dairy cows are however frequently (re-)grouped according to productivity and reproductive state leading to an unstable social environment for the animals. The present study aimed at investigating whether cows maintain social relationships in...
Assessing companion dog behavior in a social setting
| Contributor(s):: Roth, Lina S. V., Jensen, Per
Human‐directed social behaviour in dogs shows significant heritability
| Contributor(s):: Persson, M. E., Roth, L. S. V., Johnsson, M., Wright, D., Jensen, P.
The bio-politics of bees: industrial farming and Colony Collapse Disorder
| Contributor(s):: Nimmo, R.
Analysis of the phenotypic link between behavioural traits at mixing and increased long-term social stability in group-housed pigs
| Contributor(s):: Desire, S., Turner, S. P., D'Eath, R. B., Doeschl-Wilson, A. B., Lewis, C. R. G., Roehe, R.
Mixing of growing pigs results in aggressive contests between group members. As aggression serves to establish dominance relationships, it is possible that increased initial aggression may facilitate the formation of social hierarchies. The objective of the study was to investigate whether there...