Canine development and socialization
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A Qualitative Assessment of Virginia Beach Dog Park Users
| Contributor(s):: Edwin Gomez, John Hunting
The purpose of this paper is to look at a Virginia Beach, Virginia (VA) dog park as a case study exploring the benefits and perceptions of dog parks by its users. The qualitative methodology follows an earlier dog park study by Gómez (2013) in Norfolk, VA. Our findings indicated three...
How Wolves Turned into Dogs and How Dogs Are Valuable in Meeting Human Social Needs
| Contributor(s):: Kurt Kotrschal
A wealth of recent behavioral, neurobiological, and genetic results allows us to draw a new, comprehensive picture of the human-wolf-dog relationship. Dogs originated from wolves 35,000 years ago, mainly via selection for tameness. Wolves were probably spiritual partners and hunting buddies of...
The effects of hippotherapy in children and adolescents with autism : a systematic review
| Contributor(s):: Emily Layne Ybarbo
The purpose of this systematic review was to investigate the effectiveness of hippotherapy, also known as horse- or equine-assisted therapy, for improving the socialization and communication behaviors of children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). The PubMed research database was...
Tickling Rats: Differential Benefits for Pet Store Rats
| Contributor(s):: Whitney Blankenberger
Animal welfare and the effects of the human-animal bond are becoming increasingly important to researchers and the public. Animal use in biomedical research is indispensable and inevitably creates stressful situations for the animals. One way to mediate this stress and improve rat welfare is by...
Influence of Maternal Care on Behavioural Development of Domestic Dogs (Canis Familiaris) Living in a Home Environment
| Contributor(s):: Giovanna Guardini, Jon Bowen, Chiara Mariti, Jaume Fatjo, Claudio Sighieri, Angelo Gazzano
Maternal care has been shown to affect the development of the brain, behaviour, social skills and emotional systems of the young of many mammalian species including dogs. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of maternal care on the behavioural responses of family dog puppies...
Student Perceptions of Introducing a Service-Dog-in-Training Program at Eastern Kentucky University
| Contributor(s):: Kara Worley
For centuries, dogs have been utilized for therapeutic purposes, as pets, and as highly trained service animals. Past research has focused specifically on the benefits associated with utilizing service dogs, especially for people with disabilities and veterans. 4 Paws for Ability is an...
Interspecific attachment: social bonds between humans and their 'best friends'
| Contributor(s):: Morag G. Ryan
Attachment refers to an individual seeking and maintaining close proximity to another individual. Although, relatively few studies have examined attachment in an interspecific context the human-dog bond has recently gained a great deal of attention, as this relationship has been subjected to...
Effect of Socialization on Impulsivity in the Domestic Dog
| Contributor(s):: Mitcham Alexandra
Impulsivity is defined as acting prematurely without forethought or foresight. Three assessments of impulsivity were compared in companion dogs: the delayed reward task, cylinder detour task, and the Dog Impulsivity Assessment Scale (DIAS). A strong correlation was observed between the behaviour...
Practical physical and behavioral measures to assess the socialization spectrum of cats in a shelter-like setting during a three day period
| Contributor(s):: Slater, M., Garrison, L., Miller, K., Weiss, E., Makolinski, K., Drain, N., Mirontshuk, A.
Animal welfare organizations routinely accept large numbers of cats with unknown histories, and whose backgrounds vary from well-socialized pets to cats that have had little or no contact with humans. Agencies are challenged with making the determination of socialization level in a highly...
Reliability and validity of a survey of cat caregivers on their cats' socialization level in the cat's normal environment
| Contributor(s):: Slater, M., Garrison, L., Miller, K., Weiss, E., Makolinski, K., Drain, N.
Stray cats routinely enter animal welfare organizations each year and shelters are challenged with determining the level of human socialization these cats may possess as quickly as possible. However, there is currently no standard process to guide this determination. This study describes the...
Physical and behavioral measures that predict cats' socialization in an animal shelter environment during a three day period
| Contributor(s):: Slater, M., Garrison, L., Miller, K., Weiss, E., Drain, N., Makolinski, K.
Animal welfare organizations typically take in cats with unknown levels of socialization towards humans, ranging from unsocialized cats well-socialized but lost pets. Agencies typically determine the socialization status and disposition options of cats within three days, when even a...
The Effect of the presence of a pet animal on the socialization behavior of withdrawn hospitalized persons with a psychiatric diagnosis
| Contributor(s):: Barbara P. Olchowy
In recent years increased attention has been given to the special benefits that animals provide to the medically ill, the emotionally disturbed, the elderly, the physically impaired and the normal healthy person. The effect of the presence of animal companionship has been associated with...
K-9 Care Crew: Kids + Dogs + Seniors = Love: Kim Wood at TEDxMuskegon
| Contributor(s):: Kim Wood
The K-9 Care Crew is a group of high school student volunteers from Western Michigan Christian High School. Our students train and work with dogs that are temperament tested and chosen as especially suited for pet therapy. The dogs we work with come in all shapes, sizes, breeds and ages. Many of...
Healthy Pets Healthy People
Most households in the United States have at least one pet. Why do people have pets? There are many reasons. Pets can decrease your blood pressure, cholesterol levels, triglyceride levels, and feelings of loneliness. Pets can increase your opportunities for exercise and outdoor activities and...
Effects of a Pet Visitation Program on the Psychological Satisfaction, Social Interaction and Self Esteem of Institutionalized Elderly Women
| Contributor(s):: Melva Juanita Bost
A descriptive study was conducted to determine if a pet visitation program was an effective intervention in promoting psychological satisfaction and improvingsocial interaction and self-esteem of elderly women living in a nursing home. Six subjects, aged 60 to 94 years, participated in this...
Control, choice, and assessments of the value of behavioral management to nonhuman primates in captivity
| Contributor(s):: Schapiro, S. J., Lambeth, S. P.
Many people have devoted considerable effort to enhancing the environments of nonhuman primates in captivity. There is substantial motivation to develop experimental, analytical, and interpretational frameworks to enable objective measurements of the value of environmental enrichment/behavioral...
Enhancing nonhuman primate care and welfare through the use of positive reinforcement training
| Contributor(s):: Laule, G., Whittaker, M.
Nonhuman primates are excellent subjects for the enhancement of care and welfare through training. The broad range of species offers tremendous behavioral diversity, and individual primates show varying abilities to cope with the stressors of captivity, which differ depending on the venue....
Counseling pet owners on puppy socialization and establishing leadership
| Contributor(s):: Horwitz, D. F.
Early separation of pups
| Contributor(s):: Odendaal, J. S. J.