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Behavioral responses of nursing home residents to visits from a person with a dog, a robot seal or a toy cat
Contributor(s):: Thodberg, K., Sorensen, L. U., Videbech, P. B., Poulsen, P. H., Houbak, B., Damgaard, V., Keseler, I., Edwards, D., Christensen, J. W.
Previous studies suggest that contact with dogs can positively affect the wellbeing of elderly people in nursing homes, but there is a lack of research investigating the causal pathways of these effects. One such pathway may relate to the behavioral responses of the elderly when interacting with...
The associations between animal-based welfare measures and the presence of indicators of food safety in finishing pigs
Contributor(s):: Alpigiani, I., Bacci, C., Keeling, L. J., Salman, M. D., Brindani, F., Pongolini, S., Hitchens, P. L., Bonardi, S.
Stressful housing and management practices affect animals, potentially increasing their receptiveness to pathogens. Since some pathogens do not lead to clinical signs of sickness, subclinical pigs could enter the food-chain, contaminating carcases and offal at slaughter, representing a threat to...
Review of the risks of some canine zoonoses from free-roaming dogs in the post-disaster setting of Latin America
Contributor(s):: Garde, E., Acosta-Jamett, G., Bronsvoort, B. M.
In the absence of humane and sustainable control strategies for free-roaming dogs (FRD) and the lack of effective disaster preparedness planning in developing regions of the world, the occurrence of canine zoonoses is a potentially important yet unrecognized issue. The existence of large...
Companion-animals' effectiveness in managing chronic pain in adult community members
Contributor(s):: Bradley, L., Bennett, P. C.
Therapy animals have been found to alleviate pain in healthcare settings, but companion-animal owners report greater discomfort and use more analgesics than people who do not own one or more companion animals. To investigate this anomaly, 173 adults completed an online survey that included...
Assessment of severity and progression of canine cognitive dysfunction syndrome using the CAnine DEmentia Scale (CADES)
Contributor(s):: Madari, A., Farbakova, J., Katina, S., Smolek, T., Novak, P., Weissova, T., Novak, M., Zilka, N.
Cognitive dysfunction syndrome (CDS) represents a group of symptoms related to the aging of the canine brain. These changes ultimately lead to a decline of memory function and learning abilities, alteration of social interaction, impairment of normal housetraining, changes in sleep-wake cycle and...
Childhood experiences with family pets and internalizing symptoms in early adulthood
Contributor(s):: Girardi, A., Pozzulo, J. D.
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether childhood experiences with family pets are associated with symptoms of depression and anxiety in early adulthood. Undergraduate students ( n=318) responded to an online survey that included questions about bonding with childhood pets, exposure...
The psychological and physiological effects of using a therapy dog in mindfulness training
Contributor(s):: Henry, C. L., Crowley, S. L.
The present study was a randomized controlled trial examining the psychological and physiological effects of adding animal-assisted therapy (AAT) to a modified Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction program (MBSR) for clients experiencing psychological distress. It was hypothesized that AAT would...
Stereotypic mice are aggressed by their cage-mates, and tend to be poor demonstrators in social learning tasks
Contributor(s):: Harper, L., Choleris, E., Ervin, K., Fureix, C., Reynolds, K., Walker, M., Mason, G.
Stereotypic behaviours (SBs) are linked with behavioural inflexibility and resemble symptoms of autism, suggesting that stereotypic animals could have autistic-like social impairments. SBs are also common in caged mice. We therefore hypothesised relationships between stereotypic and social...
Investigating anhedonia in a non-conventional species: do some riding horses Equus caballus display symptoms of depression?
Contributor(s):: Fureix, C., Beaulieu, C., Argaud, S., Rochais, C., Quinton, M., Henry, S., Hausberger, M., Mason, G.
Investigating depression-like conditions in animals is methodologically challenging, but potentially important for welfare. Some riding horses display 'withdrawn' states of inactivity and low responsiveness that resemble the reduced engagement with the environment shown by certain depressed...
Benefits of dog ownership: comparative study of equivalent samples
Contributor(s):: Gonzalez Ramirez, M. T., Landero Hernandez, R.
Owing to the inconclusive findings of research regarding the health benefits of pet ownership, we compared perceived health, stress, life satisfaction, happiness, and psychosomatic symptoms in dog owners and non-dog owners. As an attempt to overcome some earlier methodological issues, the sample...
Acceptability of animal-assisted therapy: attitudes toward AAT, psychotherapy, and medication for the treatment of child disruptive behavioral problems
Contributor(s):: Rabbitt, S. M., Kazdin, A. E., Hong, J.
Animal-assisted therapies (AATs) are not widely promoted in routine mental healthcare but represent a viable treatment option given positive perceptions of pets and growing evidence that animals provide meaningful contribution to psychological wellbeing. Relatively little is known about the...
Are therapy dogs like xanax? Does animal-assisted therapy impact processes relevant to cognitive behavioral psychotherapy?
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Contributor(s):: Hunt, M. G., Chizkov, R. R.
Despite an increase in the popularity of animal-assisted therapy, little is known about the impact of animals on processes relevant to effective psychotherapy. This study tested the impact of having a dog present on process variables relevant to cognitive behavioral therapy, including emotional...
"Nudging them back to reality": toward a growing public acceptance of the role dogs fulfill in ameliorating contemporary veterans' PTSD symptoms
Contributor(s):: Taylor, M. F., Edwards, M. E., Pooley, J. A.
A report of capture myopathy in the Tasmanian pademelon ( Thylogale billardierii)
Contributor(s):: McMahon, C. R., Wiggins, N. L., French, V., McCallum, H. I., Bowman, D.
Assessment of stun quality at commercial slaughter in cattle shot with captive bolt
Contributor(s):: Atkinson, S., Velarde, A., Algers, B.
Assessment time of the Welfare Quality protocol for dairy cattle
Contributor(s):: Vries, M. de, Engel, B., Uijl, I. den, Schaik, G. van, Dijkstra, T., Boer, I. de, Bokkers, E. A. M.
Effectiveness of fluoxetine to control fur-chewing behaviour in the chinchilla ( Chinchilla lanigera)
Contributor(s):: Galeano, M. G., Ruiz, R. D., Cuneo, M. F. de, Ponzio, M. F.
A bio-behavioral study of chronic idiopathic colitis in the rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta). (Special Issue: The welfare of laboratory primates.)
Contributor(s):: Howell, S., White, D., Ingram, S., Jackson, R., Larin, J., Morales, P., Garcia, A. P., Hicks, C., Hopper, K., Wagner, J.