Understanding Spinner Dolphin Marine Tourism in Hawai'i: A Social Approach to Assessing Underwater Interactions
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Contributor(s):: Carlie S. Wiener
The popularity of wild spinner dolphin interactions in the Hawaiian Islands has led to the expansion of businesses that incorporate in-water experiences with the dolphins. The growth of dolphin-related commerce has spread so quickly that regulations have not been able to keep up. Subsequently,...
Dusky dolphin (Lagenorhynchus obscurus) behavior and human interactions: implications for tourism and aquaculture
Contributor(s):: Nicholas Matthew Thomson Duprey
Interactions between humans and dusky dolphins in the coastal waters of New Zealand are increasing. My research focused on tourism interactions, with Kaikoura as the study site; and, on habitat use in an active aquaculture area, with Admiralty Bay as the study site. In Kaikoura, companies engaged...
A welfare assessment scoring system for working equids - a method for identifying at risk populations and for monitoring progress of welfare enhancement strategies (trialed in Egypt)
Contributor(s):: Ali, A. B. A., El-Sayed, M. A., Matoock, M. Y., Fouad, M. A., Heleski, C. R.
There are an estimated 112 million horses, donkeys and mules (i.e., working equids) in developing regions of the world. Though their roles are often fundamental to the well-being of the families they work for, their welfare is often severely compromised due to the limited resources and/or limited...
Piglets call for maternal attention: vocal behaviour in Sus scrofa domesticus is modulated by mother's proximity
Contributor(s):: Iacobucci, P., Colonnello, V., D'Antuono, L., Cloutier, S., Newberry, R. C.
Plasticity in the production of "separation distress" vocalizations, and seeking of caregivers beyond mere satisfaction of immediate physiological needs, are manifestations of attachment that we investigated in the domestic pig ( Sus scrofa domesticus). Female piglets from eight litters were...
Travel-related problems in pets
Contributor(s):: Mills, D., Dube, M. B., Zulch, H.
Sections on the nature and treatment of travel-related problems of pets, including cats.
Human-dog interactions and behavioural responses of village dogs in coastal villages in Michoacan, Mexico
Contributor(s):: Ruiz-Izaguirre, E., Eilers, K. H. A. M., Bokkers, E. A. M., Ortolani, A., Ortega-Pacheco, A., Boer, I. J. M. de
In Mexican villages, most households keep dogs that roam freely. Therefore, socialisation of village dogs occurs in a different context than that of companion dogs in developed countries. The objectives of this study were: (1) to assess village dogs' behavioural responses towards familiar and...
The effect of land based seal watching tourism on the haul-out behaviour of harbour seals ( Phoca vitulina) in Iceland
Contributor(s):: Granquist, S. M., Sigurjonsdottir, H.
The effect of land-based seal watching on the haul-out pattern of harbour seals ( Phoca vitulina) was investigated between June and August of 2008-2010 on Vatnsnes, NW Iceland. The results showed that the behaviour and spatial haul-out pattern of seals was affected by the tourists. In 2009 the...
Behavioral monitoring of big cats involved in 'behind-the-scenes' zoo visitor tours
Contributor(s):: Szokalski, Monika S., Foster, Wendy K., Litchfield, Carla A.
Choosing between the emotional dog and the rational pal: a moral dilemma with a tail
Contributor(s):: Topolski, R., Weaver, J. N., Martin, Z., McCoy, J.
Tourism and infant-directed aggression in Tibetan macaques ( Macaca thibetana) at Mt. Huangshan, China
Contributor(s):: Self, S., Sheeran, L. K., Matheson, M. D., Li, JinHua, Pelton, O., Harding, S., Wagner, R. S.
Behavioural responses of South American fur seals to approach by tourists - a brief report
Contributor(s):: Cassini, M. H.
I studied the responses (retreats, threats, attacks or leaving the rookery) of South American fur seals Arctocephalus australis to tourist approaches at a non-reproductive, continental colony of located in Cabo Polonio, Uruguay (34 degrees 24'S, 53 degrees 46'W). Fur seals tolerated relatively...
The effects of gestagen implants on the behaviour of free-ranging female koalas
Contributor(s):: Hynes, E. F., Handasyde, K. A., Shaw, G., Renfree, M. B.
Hormonal contraception is an increasingly important management tool for control of highly abundant populations of wildlife but may have both predictable and unpredictable effects on behaviour, with consequent implications for management and animal welfare. In a study of free-ranging koalas we...
Interactions between visitors and Formosan macaques ( Macaca cyclopis ) at Shou-Shan Nature Park, Taiwan
Contributor(s):: Hsu, M. J., Kao, ChienChing, Agoramoorthy, G.
Ecotourism involving feeding wildlife has raised public attention and is a controversial issue, especially concerning nonhuman primates. Between July 2002 and April 2005, the behavior of monkeys and tourists was collected through scan samplings, focal samplings and behavior samplings at the...
Minimizing disturbance to wildlife by tourists approaching on foot or in a car: a study of kangaroos in the Australian rangelands
Contributor(s):: Wolf, I. D., Croft, D. B.
Approaching wildlife to attain a closer viewing experience is common amongst visitors to natural areas. We examined how tourists approach free-living kangaroos during encounters in a popular tourism destination in South Australia. We then simulated the typical properties of approaches to quantify...
The influence of social hierarchy on the time budget of cows and their visits to an automatic milking system
Contributor(s):: Ketelaar-de Lauwere, C. C., Devir, S., Metz, J. H. M.
The effects of social dominance on dairy cows' (crossbred Holstein-Friesian; n = 30) visits to an automatic milking system (AMS) and their daily activity pattern was studied. Cows were fed on concentrate and milked in the AMS, which consisted of 2 selection units (sending cows for milking or back...
Reactions of American tourists to roaming dogs in New Providence, The Bahamas
Contributor(s):: Plumridge, S., Fielding, W. J.
The Bahamas suffers from nuisances caused by roaming dogs. Although Bahamians tolerate their presence, in an economy which is dependent upon tourism, the reactions of tourists to roaming dogs is of great consequence. This study reports the reactions of 439 American tourists concerning roaming...
The impacts of profound wildlife experiences
Contributor(s):: Smith, L. D. G., Ham, S. H., Weiler, B. V.
Profound experiences with wildlife have been identified as potential triggers for changing the way people feel and act towards wildlife. However, there has been little systematic research into the impacts of these experiences on the lives of those who experience them. This qualitative study...
Tourist impact on Tibetan macaques
Contributor(s):: Matheson, M. D., Sheeran, L. K., Li, JinHua, Wagner, R. S.
Ecotourism is a growing sector of the tourism industry, but few studies to date have quantified its impacts on local people, tourists and wildlife. We present a preliminary study on threat and affiliative behaviors of two groups of free-ranging Tibetan macaques (Macaca thibetana) as a function of...
Tourists' effects on drivers of working Asian elephants
Contributor(s):: Hart, L. A.
A growing wildlife tourist industry in Asia sometimes includes the use of elephants to transport tourists. Elephant drivers are responsible for the safe management of their elephants while loading, transporting, and unloading tourists for rides to view wildlife. This study sought to investigate...
Visitor behavior in zoos: a review
Contributor(s):: Davey, G.
Visitors are integral components of zoological parks and their importance has led to a research area devoted to understanding the people-zoo relationship. This paper reviews, and provides a point of entry into, the literature relating to visitor research in zoos. The field emerged relatively...