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  1. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  2. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  3. First reported case of fatal tuberculosis in a wild African elephant with past human-wildlife contact

    Contributor(s):: Vincent Obanda, J. Poghon, M. Yongo, I. Mulei, M. Ngotho, K. Waititu, J. Makumi, F. Gakuya, P. Omondi, R.C. Soriguer, S. Alasaad

    Tuberculosis is emerging/re-emerging in captive elephant populations, where it causes morbidity and deaths, although no case of TB in wild African elephants has been reported. In this paper we report the first case of fatal TB in an African elephant in the wild. The infection with Mycobacterium...

  4. The avoidance of farmyards by European badgers Meles meles in a medium density population

    Contributor(s):: Mullen, E. M., MacWhite, T., Maher, P. K., Kelly, D. J., Marples, N. M., Good, M.

    Mycobacterium bovis (TB) in cattle is a disease with far-reaching economic effects throughout Europe but especially in Great Britain and Ireland. Wildlife reservoirs, in particular the European badger Meles meles, continue to play an important role in the transmission of the disease, although the...

  5. Cumulative experience, age-class, sex and season affect the behavioural responses of European badgers ( Meles meles) to handling and sedation

    Contributor(s):: Sun, Q., Stevens, C., Newman, C., Buesching, C. D., Macdonald, D. W.

    The restraint and sedation of wild animals has welfare implications, thus animal handling procedures should be well-informed and optimised to adhere to welfare standards. Furthermore, it is important that handling procedures should not cause future trap avoidance. This is of particular pertinence...

  6. Exploring opportunities to do things differently

    Contributor(s):: Gibbens, N.

  7. Minimizing harm in possum control operations and experiments in New Zealand

    Contributor(s):: Morris, M. C., Weaver, S. A.

    Pest control operations and experimentation on sentient animals such as the brushtail possum can cause unnecessary and avoidable suffering in the animal subjects. Minimizing animal suffering is an animal welfare goal and can be used as a guide in the design and execution of animal experimentation...

  8. Behaviour of badgers ( Meles meles ) in farm buildings: opportunities for the transmission of Mycobacterium bovis to cattle?

    Contributor(s):: Tolhurst, B. A., Delahay, R. J., Walker, N. J., Ward, A. I., Roper, T. J.

    Eurasian badgers (Meles meles) are implicated in the transmission of bovine tuberculosis (Mycobacterium bovis) to cattle. Here we investigate potential spatio-temporal foci of opportunities for contact between badgers and cattle in farm buildings. We discuss the relative occurrence of different...

  9. Tail biting in fattening pigs: associations between frequency of tail biting and other abnormal behaviours

    Contributor(s):: Brunberg, E., Wallenbeck, A., Keeling, L. J.

    This study investigated the association between tail biting (TB) and other abnormal behaviours in a group of non-tail docked pigs. Behavioural data were collected from 742 pigs housed on a commercial farm. The prevalence of performed and received TB, belly nosing, bar biting, ear biting and...

  10. Compendium of measures to prevent disease associated with animals in public settings, 2007: National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians, Inc. (NASPHV)

    Certain venues encourage or permit the public to contact animals, resulting in millions of human-animal interactions each year. These settings include county or state fairs, petting zoos, animal swap meets, pet stores, zoologic institutions, circuses, carnivals, farm tours, livestock-birthing...

  11. Compendium of measures to prevent disease associated with animals in public settings, 2009 National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians, Inc. (NASPHV)

    Certain venues encourage or permit the public to be in contact with animals, resulting in millions of human-animal interactions each year. These settings include county or state fairs, petting zoos, animal swap meets, pet stores, zoologic institutions, circuses, carnivals, educational farms,...

  12. The behaviour of badgers [in relation to bovine tuberculosis]

    Contributor(s):: Cheeseman, C.

  13. The behavioural responses of badgers ( Meles meles ) to exclusion from farm buildings using an electric fence

    Contributor(s):: Tolhurst, B. A., Ward, A. I., Delahay, R. J., MacMaster, A. M., Roper, T. J.

    Behavioural investigations into the transmission of bovine tuberculosis (Mycobacterium bovis) between badgers and cattle suggest that badger activity in farm buildings may incur a significant risk of cross-infection. However, measures to exclude badgers from buildings have not been systematically...

  14. Ranging behaviour of European badgers ( Meles meles ) in relation to bovine tuberculosis ( Mycobacterium bovis ) infection

    Contributor(s):: Garnett, B. T., Delahay, R. J., Roper, T. J.

    Using radio-telemetry and direct observation, we monitored the ranging and foraging behaviour, habitat use and sett use of eight same-sex pairs of badgers (Meles meles L.). Members of each pair were of the same age-class and were members of the same social group, but differed with respect to...

  15. Welfare of badgers ( Meles meles ) subjected to culling: development and evaluation of a closed season

    Contributor(s):: Woodroffe, R., Bourne, F. J., Cheeseman, C. L., Cox, D. R., Donnelly, C. A., Gettinby, G., McInerney, J. P., Morrison, W. I.

    For the past 25 years, European badgers (Meles meles) have been subject to culling in Britain in attempts to limit the spread of tuberculosis (TB) to cattle. As part of a far-reaching evaluation of the effectiveness and acceptability of badger culling as a TB control measure, this paper assesses...

  16. Welfare of badgers ( Meles meles ) subjected to culling: patterns of trap-related injury

    Contributor(s):: Woodroffe, R., Bourne, F. J., Cox, D. R., Donnelly, C. A., Gettinby, G., McInerney, J. P., Morrison, W. I.

    For over 25 years, European badgers (Meles meles) have been subject to culling in Britain in attempts to limit the spread of tuberculosis (TB) to cattle. As part of a far-reaching evaluation of the effectiveness and acceptability of badger culling as a TB control measure, this paper assesses one...