Determinants of the Level of Care Provided for Various Types and Sizes of Dogs in New Providence, The Bahamas
| Contributor(s):: William J. Fielding
This paper reports the level of care offered 424 dogs, classified as small dogs, large dogs, pit bulls and potcakes (the colloquial name for the local mongrel) in New Providence, The Bahamas. Levels of care that meet the legal minimum –food water and shelter– as well as care...
Modeling Commercial Freshwater Turtle Production on US Farms for Pet and Meat Markets
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| Contributor(s):: Ivana Mali, Hsiao-Husan Wang, William E. Grant, Mark Feldman, Michael R. J. Forstner
Freshwater turtles are being exploited for meat, eggs, traditional medicine, and pet trade. As a response, turtle farming became a booming aquaculture industry in the past two decades, specifically in the southeastern states of the United States of America (US) and across Southeast Asia....
A "One Health" Approach to Address Emerging Zoonoses: The HALI Project in Tanzania
| Contributor(s):: Jonna A. K. Mazet, Deana L. Clifford, Peter B. Coppolillo, Anil B. Deolalikar, Jon D. Erickson, Rudovick R. Kazwala
Every day thousands of children and adults die from underdiagnosed diseases that have arisen at the human–animal–environment interface, especially diarrheal and respiratory diseases in developing countries. Explosive human population growth and environmental changes have resulted...
Protocol for expert report on animal welfare in case of companion animal cruelty suspicion
| Contributor(s):: Hammerschmidt, J., Molento, C. F. M.
Animal welfare expert reports may support court decisions when animal abuse or maltreatment is suspected. The objective of this work is to adapt animal welfare assessment protocols to identify companion animal abuse. The proposed protocol includes four indicator categories: nutritional, comfort,...
On-farm evaluation of the Salmon Welfare Index Model (SWIM 1.0): theoretical and practical considerations
| Contributor(s):: Folkedal, O., Pettersen, J. M., Bracke, M., Stien, L. H., Nilsson, J., Martins, C., Breck, O., Midtlyng, P. J., Kristiansen, T.
The present study investigated the operational feasibility of the recently developed Salmon Welfare Index Model (SWIM 1.0) designed for Atlantic salmon ( Salmo salar L) in production cages. Ten salmon farms containing spring smolts were visited twice, first between May and June the first year in...
Temperature-dependent consumption of drinking water in piglet rearing
| Contributor(s):: Hoeck, J., Buscher, W.
This study focussed on examining the temperature-specific consumption of drinking water by piglets. To this end, a drinking trough system was developed to offer the animals water at three different temperatures (warm (+10°C then barn temperature), barn temperature (actual barn temperature) and...
Normative issues in global environmental governance: connecting climate change, water and forests
| Contributor(s):: Joyeeta, Gupta
Glocal (global to local) environmental governance lags behind the science regarding the seriousness of the combined environmental and developmental challenges. Governance regimes have developed differently in different issue areas and are often inconsistent and contradictory; furthermore...
Protect your pets
| Contributor(s):: Fischer, Samantha
Current agricultural practices threaten future global food production
| Contributor(s):: Liu, YongBo, Pan, XuBin, Li, JunSheng
In future decades, food demand for an increased population with elevated standards of living poses a huge challenge, particularly in the sense of the environmental impacts of agricultural systems. We have analyzed agricultural data from the past 50 years, and found that the current agricultural...
Embodied encounters between humans and gators
| Contributor(s):: Keul, Adam
Drinking behaviour in sows kept outdoors during the winter months
| Contributor(s):: Andersen, H. M. L., Pedersen, L. J.
In the light of the EU regulation, "pigs must have permanent access to a sufficient quantity of fresh water" and the practical problems it provides farmers during winter to keep water free of ice, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of periods with frost on the diurnal pattern...
Welfare and environmental implications of farmed sea turtles
| Contributor(s):: Arena, P. C., Warwick, C., Steedman, C.
Various captivity-related health problems have been described as arising in the farming of sea turtles at the Cayman Turtle Farm (CTF). Our study included a desktop review of turtle farming, direct onsite inspection at the CTF, assessment of visual materials and reports provided by investigators...
Search and rescue: nutritional considerations for dogs with missions from drugs to disaster
| Contributor(s):: Newman, M.
The effects of non-surgical interventions on osteoarthritis-like changes in the mouse knee
| Contributor(s):: Wendy K. Anemaet, Anna Plaas (adviser), William Haley (adviser)
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a debilitating condition affecting over 21 million persons in the United States. This number is expected to rise in the coming decades. Treatment approaches for OA focus on symptom modifying measures (i.e., pain relief) as disease modifying interventions do not currently...
DNA detection of foxes to prevent establishment in Tasmania
| Contributor(s):: Stephen D. Sarre, Rachel Walsch, Niccy Aitken, Alison Foster, Nick Mooney
The red fox (Vulpes vulpes) has wreaked havoc on mainland Australia’s environment and agricultural production since its introduction in the 1870s. Over the same period, the southern Australian island State of Tasmania has remained virtually fox-free, allowing its unique biodiversity to remain...
Avian vacuolar myelinopathy: a newly recognized fatal neurological disease of eagles, waterfowl and other birds
| Contributor(s):: John R. Fischer, Lynn A. Lewis, Tom Augspurger, Tonie E. Rocke
Since 1994, wildlife biologists and wildlife health specialists have worked to determine the cause of avian vacuolar myelinopathy (AVM), a neurologic disease of bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) and other birds. The causes of morbidity and mortality in wildlife typically are determined...
Evaluation of wetlands created with effluent from a swine concentrated animal feeding operation using mallard sentinels: implications for McMurtrey National Wildlife Refuge
| Contributor(s):: Matthew S. Schwarz, Christina D. Lydick
Previous work by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service identified nutrients, elemental contaminants, algal toxins, bacterial pathogens, and hormones as contaminants of concern (COCs) associated with wetlands created from the secondary effluent of a large swine concentrated animal feeding operation....
Defaecation and urination behaviour in beef cattle grazing semi-natural grassland
| Contributor(s):: Orr, R. J., Griffith, B. A., Champion, R. A., Cook, J. E.
Does access to open water affect the behaviour of Pekin ducks (Anas platyrhynchos)?
| Contributor(s):: O'Driscoll, K. K. M., Broom, D. M.
Effects of social dominance, water trough location and shade availability on drinking behaviour of cows on pasture
| Contributor(s):: Coimbra, P. A. D., Machado Filho, L. C. P., Hotzel, M. J.