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Demographic Change Across the Lifespan of Pet Dogs and Their Impact on Health Status
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| Contributor(s):: Lisa J. Wallis, Dóra Szabó, Boglárka Erdélyi-Belle, Enikö Kubinyi
Although dogs' life expectancies are six to twelve times shorter than that of humans, the demographics (e. g., living conditions) of dogs can still change considerably with aging, similarly to humans. Despite the fact that the dog is a particularly good model for human healthspan, and the...
Social Learning in Horses—Fact or Fiction?
| Contributor(s):: Maria V. Rørvang, Janne W. Christensen, Jan Ladewig, Andrew McLean
Prima facie, the acquisition of novel behaviors in animals through observation of conspecifics seems straightforward. There are, however, various mechanisms through which the behavior of animals can be altered from observing others. These mechanisms range from simple hard-wired contagious...
Facing disasters together: how keeping animals safe benefits humans before, during and after natural disasters
| Contributor(s):: Thompson, K.
Evaluating the physical welfare of dogs in commercial breeding facilities in the United States
| Contributor(s):: Moriah J. Hurt, Candace Croney (adviser)
Despite high levels of public concern, the state of commercial breeding (CB) dog welfare is largely unknown. Therefore, this study aimed to characterize the physical welfare of dogs in CB facilities and their environment in Indiana. This study specifically aimed 1) to characterize dog foot...
Show Horse Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Melissa A. Voigt, Colleen Brady
In recent years there has been an increase in the public's attention to situations where trainers, owners, and handlers have compromised the well-being of show horses for the sake of winning. These situations may be due to training negligence or naivety of individuals working with the horse....
Should the Contribution of One Additional Lame Cow Depend on How Many Other Cows on the Farm Are Lame?
| Contributor(s):: Peter Sandoe, Bjorn Forkman, Franziska Hakansson, Sine Norlander Andreasen, Rikke Nohr, Matt Denwood, Thomas Boker Lund
Welfare Quality® proposes a system for aggregation according to which the total welfare score for a group of animals is a non-linear effect of the prevalence of welfare scores across the individuals within the group. Three assumptions serve to justify this: (1) experts do not follow a...
Operational Details of the Five Domains Model and Its Key Applications to the Assessment and Management of Animal Welfare
| Contributor(s):: David J. Mellor
In accord with contemporary animal welfare science understanding, the Five Domains Model has a significant focus on subjective experiences, known as affects, which collectively contribute to an animal’s overall welfare state. Operationally, the focus of the Model is on the presence or...
Animal Welfare: A Contemporary Understanding Demands a Contemporary Approach to Behavior and Training
| Contributor(s):: E. Anne McBride, David J. Montgomery
Contemporary understanding of One Welfare highlights the intrinsic link between animal and human welfare and ethics, regarding physical and psychological well-being as equally important. These principles apply to all animals we keep, regardless of why we keep them. One factor influencing...
Behavioral Ecology of Captive Species: Using Bibliographic Information to Assess Pet Suitability of Mammal Species
| Contributor(s):: Paul Koene, Rudi M. de Mol, Bert Ipema
Which mammal species are suitable to be kept as pet? For answering this question many factors have to be considered. Animals have many adaptations to their natural environment in which they have evolved that may cause adaptation problems and/or risks in captivity. Problems may be visible in...
Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior
| Contributor(s):: Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.
Zoological institutions develop human-animal interaction opportunities for visitors to advance missions of conservation, education, and recreation; however, the animal welfare implications largely have yet to be evaluated. This behavioral study was the first to quantify impacts of guest feeding...
The place of the dog in the family: a comparative case study of dog adoption
| Contributor(s):: Garcia, A. C.
This paper explores how perspectives on the appropriate place of the dog in the family shape the practice and experience of dog adoption. This research is based on a comparative case study of a traditional shelter and an independent animal rescue organization. The data were collected through...
The regulator dog: first results of a prospective study in the dog-breeding environmentLe chien regulateur: premiers resultats d'une enquete prospective en milieu cynophile
| Contributor(s):: Napierala-Ruquois, F.
The regulator dog, used for its ability as an intraspecific socialisor, was the subject of a prospective study of various canine professionals. This enabled the profile, uses and effectiveness of the regulator dog to be defined. The survey also showed that, although there are various opposing...
Pet dog management practices among a representative sample of owners in Victoria, Australia
| Contributor(s):: Howell, T. J., Mornement, K., Bennett, P. C.
It is often assumed that pet dogs experience better welfare than livestock production animals because many owners consider them to be members of the family and, collectively, spend billions of dollars on them annually. However, this assumption is not based on scientific evidence, and a...
Food puzzles for cats: feeding for physical and emotional wellbeing
| Contributor(s):: Dantas, L. M. S., Delgado, M. M., Johnson, I., Buffington, C. A. T.
Practical relevance: Many pet cats are kept indoors for a variety of reasons (eg, safety, health, avoidance of wildlife predation) in conditions that are perhaps the least natural to them. Indoor housing has been associated with health issues, such as chronic lower urinary tract signs, and...
Local knowledge held by farmers in Eastern Tyrol (Austria) about the use of plants to maintain and improve animal health and welfare
| Contributor(s):: Vogl, C. R., Vogl-Lukasser, B., Walkenhorst, M.
Background: The sustainable management of animal health and welfare is of increasing importance to consumers and a key topic in the organic farming movement. Few systematic studies have been undertaken investigating farmers' local knowledge related to this issue. Ethnoveterinary medicine (EVM) is...
Exploring risk propensity through pet-attachment diversity in natural hazard contexts
| Contributor(s):: Trigg, J., Thompson, K., Smith, B., Bennett, P.
This review examines the perceptual and behavioural influences that pet-attachment has on the ways in which owners view risk, appraise threat, and respond to environmental hazards. Understanding how human-companion animal relationships function in this context has profound implications for the...
Assessment of acute pain in cats: signs, tools and limitations
| Contributor(s):: White, K. L.
Recent advances in pain assessment in companion animals represent a tenacious, painstaking and time-consuming dedication to improving animal welfare. Attitudes and knowledge about pain assessment, particularly in cats, have changed dramatically in the past few decades, representing a very obvious...
Pets in the context of disaster: challenges of (de)protectionAnimais de estimacao em contexto de desastres: desafios de (des)protecao
| Contributor(s):: Antonio, L. S., Valencio, N. F. L. da S.
Immeasurable social-environmental damage and losses occur in catastrophic disasters related to hydro meteorological events. Some of them have prominence to the authorities who work in the emergency context and others do not. In Brazil, in general, animals seriously affected in these disasters...
People and companion animals: it takes two to tango
| Contributor(s):: Amiot, C., Bastian, B., Martens, P.
Animals have accompanied humans for thousands of years, with a strong bond forged between humans and other species. Our relationships with animals can take different forms. On one hand, animals can serve instrumental purposes: We currently use animals for clothing, for testing a range of human...