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  1. Landuse practices interface:Human-Wildlife conflict in Lupande game management area

    Contributor(s):: Peter Ngoma

    Human-Wildlife Conflict (HWC) has become a serious threat to the survival of many endangered species in the world. The sighted examples from different countries such as Kenya, Zimbabwe, Zanzibar, Namibia, China and Peru demonstrate the severity of the conflict and suggest that greater in depth...

  2. Toward Elimination of Dog-Mediated Human Rabies: Experiences from Implementing a Large-scale Demonstration Project in Southern Tanzania

    Contributor(s):: Emmanuel Abraham Mpolya, Tiziana Lembo, Kennedy Lushasi, Rebecca Mancy, Eberhard M. Mbunda, Selemani Makungu, Matthew Maziku, Lwitiko Sikana, Gurdeep Jaswant, Sunny Townsend, François-Xavier Meslin, Bernadette Abela-Ridder, Chanasa Ngeleja, Joel Changalucha, Zacharia Mtema, Maganga Sambo, Geofrey Mchau, Kristyna Rysava, Alphoncina Nanai, Rudovick Kazwala, Sarah Cleaveland, Katie Hampson

    A Rabies Elimination Demonstration Project was implemented in Tanzania from 2010 through to 2015, bringing together government ministries from the health and veterinary sectors, the World Health Organization, and national and international research institutions. Detailed data on mass dog...

  3. Husbandry practices and mitigation of human-carnivore conflicts : a case of the Maasai Steppe, Tanzania.

    Contributor(s):: Ifura Godfrey Ukio

    Biodiversity losses are often influenced by humans due to increased demand over natural resources and retaliatory killing of wildlife as a result of human–wildlife conflicts. Large carnivores are in decline globally due to the current human–carnivore conflicts. This study was...

  4. Distribution Patterns of Human Elephant Conflict in Areas Adjacent to Rungwa Game Reserve, Tanzania

    Contributor(s):: Wilbright Munuo

    Human pressure on terrestrial ecosystems has caused loss and fragmentation of habitats for wildlife species. That has brought humans and wildlife in close proximity intensifying human wildlife conflicts, especially when wild animals with wide home ranges, such as African and Asian elephants, are...

  5. Knowledge and attitude towards zoonoses among animal health workers and livestock keepers in Arusha and Tanga, Tanzania

    Contributor(s):: Emanuel S. Swai, Luuk Schoonman, Chris Daborn

    Zoonoses are infections naturally transmitted between vertebrate animals and humans. An exploratory questionnaire-based survey of animal health workers(n=36) and livestock keepers(n=43)was carried out from April 2001 to March 2002 in Tanga and Arusha regions, northern Tanzania, to assess local...

  6. Characteristics and distribution of livestock losses caused by wild carnivores in Maasai Steppe of northern Tanzania

    Contributor(s):: Mponzi, Batistino P., Lepczyk, Christopher A., Kissui, Bernard M.

  7. Veterinary Issues and Livestock Development in Zanzibar: Farmer Practices and Attitudes

    Contributor(s):: Shauna Milne-Price

    The status of veterinary issues, veterinary care, and livestock development on the Zanzibar Archipelago was investigated through interviews with professionals in the fields of veterinary services and livestock development, community animal health workers (CAHWs), and livestock extension...

  8. Tracking the Elephant (Lexodonta africana) Corridor and the Human-Wildlife Conflict in Selela Village

    Contributor(s):: Nicole Chlebek, Laura Stalter

    The beastly journey of long-distance migration for the African Elephant (Lexodonta Africana) is important for upholding their connections between diminishing protected areas, especially in northeastern Tanzania. However, human development is encroaching into these corridors, creating a...

  9. Primate conservation: the prevention of disease transmission

    Contributor(s):: Wallis, Janette

  10. "We Want Our Children to Grow Up to See These Animals:" Values and Protected Areas Governance in Canada, Ghana and Tanzania

    Contributor(s):: Robinson, Lance W., Bennett, Nathan, King, Leslie A., Murray, Grant

  11. Human and ecological risk factors for unprovoked lion attacks on humans in southeastern Tanzania

    Contributor(s):: Kushnir, Hadas, Leitner, Helga, Ikanda, Dennis, Packer, Craig

    Lions (Panthera leo) have attacked over 1,000 people in Tanzania since 1990. We worked in the two districts with the highest number of attacks, Rufiji and Lindi, and conducted interviews in two villages with high attack numbers and two neighboring villages with no attacks. Logistic regression...

  12. Maintaining complex relations with large cats: Maasai and lions in Kenya and Tanzania

    Contributor(s):: Goldman, Mara J., De Pinho, Joana Roque, Perry, Jennifer

    Research and conservation efforts often occur in areas outside of national parks where people live, often side-by-side and sometimes in conflict with large carnivores. In Tanzania and Kenya much of this work employs a human-wildlife conflict perspective and is based in Maasai areas, where many...

  13. Land acquisitions in Tanzania: strong sustainability, weak sustainability and the importance of comparative methods

    Contributor(s):: Purdon, M.

    This paper distinguished different analytical approaches to the evaluation of the sustainability of large-scale land acquisitions - at both the conceptual and methodological levels. First, at the conceptual level, evaluation of the sustainability of land acquisitions depends on what definition...

  14. Special Issue: Ethical aspects of large-scale land acquisition in developing countries

    Contributor(s):: Voget-Kleschin, L., Ott, K.

    This special issue aims at investigating large-scale land acquisitions (LaSLA) from an ethical perspective. It encompasses four case studies, namely the case of Limphasa Sugar Corporation in Malawi, financed by a Malawian and some British Investors; Chinese-based land-acquisitions in Cambodia; a...

  15. A cross-sectional study of factors associated with dog ownership in Tanzania

    Contributor(s):: Knobel, D. L., Laurenson, M. K., Kazwala, R. R., Boden, L. A., Cleaveland, S.

    BackgroundMass vaccination of owned domestic dogs is crucial for the control of rabies in sub-Saharan Africa. Knowledge of the proportion of households which own dogs, and of the factors associated with dog ownership, is important for the planning and implementation of rabies awareness and dog...

  16. Development of an item scale to assess attitudes towards domestic dogs in the United Republic of Tanzania

    Contributor(s):: Knobel, D. L., Laurenson, K. M., Kazwala, R. R., Cleaveland, S.

    Domestic dogs are important sources of rabies exposure for humans in the developing world. Control of the disease in endemic areas relies on the vaccination of owned dogs, and thus owners' attitudes and behaviour towards household dogs may be of relevance to rabies control programmes. However,...