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Zooveillance: Foucault Goes to the Zoo
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| Contributor(s):: Irus Braverman
The last three decades have witnessed a dramatic shift in the governance of North American zoo animals. During this period, captive animal administration has transformed from a materially, geographically, and technologically limited enterprise - focused on the control of individual zoo animals...
Helminth Fauna in Captive European Gray Wolves (Canis lupus lupus) in Germany
| Contributor(s):: Johanna Daniela Bindke, Andrea Springer, Michael Böer, Christina Strube
Captive as well as free-ranging wolves, which are currently recolonizing Germany, may harbor a variety of gastrointestinal parasites. This study investigated endoparasites in captive European gray wolves (Canis lupus lupus) using coproscopical methods. Fecal samples were collected monthly...
Island Dolphin Care
Provides unique, therapeutic, motivational and educational dolphin assisted therapy programs for children and adults with special needs and their families (and/or caregivers) through the use of innovative therapy techniques, which enables participants to discover and achieve desired goals,...
| Contributor(s):: Maya Kadota, Tadamichi Morisaka, Kazunobu Furuta, Naoki Kamezaki, Dai Oya
動物は，人の生活のいたるところに存在して いる。歴史的にもその関係は非常に深く，紀元 前一万年前の旧石器時代に描かれたというスペ イン，アルタミラ洞窟の野牛，馬，トナカイな どの壁画などからうかがい知れる。人にとって 動物は食べ物としての存在や生活を脅かす存在 であったが，歴史が進むにつれ，より多くの関 わりをもつようになる。信仰としての対象，愛 玩としての対象，家畜としての対象，生活を補 助する道具としての対象などである。
How We Train Dolphins?
| Contributor(s):: Meg Sawada
Through the internship program at Dolphin Quest Oahu (DQO), not only I have learned how to train dolphins but also I have learned the importance caring for animals with respect. Respecting marine mammal and protecting their environment can lead to marine conservation. At Dolphin Quest, we...
Hazards of Getting Sick from Contact with Farm Animals at Fairs and Petting Zoos
| Contributor(s):: Aurora A. Saulo
Animals exhibited at fairs, farm centers, and in petting zoos are very popular and educational, and they bring much joy to people, especially children, but in addition to warm memories of holding them, there is risk that immunocompromised people may take home harmful—even...
Unzoo: creating conservational conscience - a progressive development scheme for Johannesburg Zoo
| Contributor(s):: Bronwyn Anne Allcock
Humans and animals have a diverse and complex set of relationships but their inextricable narratives of development leave them interdependent. By understanding the human fascination with other living beings, in conjunction with our responsibility of preserving the planet, the importance of...
Behavioral Ecology of Captive Species: Using Bibliographic Information to Assess Pet Suitability of Mammal Species
| Contributor(s):: Paul Koene, Rudi M. de Mol, Bert Ipema
Which mammal species are suitable to be kept as pet? For answering this question many factors have to be considered. Animals have many adaptations to their natural environment in which they have evolved that may cause adaptation problems and/or risks in captivity. Problems may be visible in...
The role of zoos and aquariums in education for a sustainable future
| Contributor(s):: Jan Packer, Roy Ballantyne
This chapter explores visitors' environmental learning in zoos and aquariums, inclusive of narrative accounts that demonstrate the impact of such experiences in the lives of visitors regarding the process and outcomes.
Zoo Animals, Livestock, and Pets, Oh MY! An Exploration of the Ethics of Captive Breeding
| Contributor(s):: Colleen McArdle
What is captive breeding? Captive breeding is a mode of breeding in which humans decide which animals will be parents and arrange reproduction for purposes that we define. Zoos have used it as a conservation strategy in the United States since the 1960’s, but it is also used to breed...
Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior
| Contributor(s):: Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.
Zoological institutions develop human-animal interaction opportunities for visitors to advance missions of conservation, education, and recreation; however, the animal welfare implications largely have yet to be evaluated. This behavioral study was the first to quantify impacts of guest feeding...
Caregiver/orangutan relationships at Auckland Zoo: empathy, friendship, and ethics between species
| Contributor(s):: Palmer, A., Malone, N., Park, J.
Drawing on ethnographic, ethological, and historical data, we examined the relationships between orangutans and caregivers at Auckland Zoo. Caregivers displayed high levels of empathy and adjusted their husbandry routines to their interpretations of the orangutans' moods. Caregivers experienced...
A comparison of zoo animal behavior in the presence of familiar and unfamiliar people
| Contributor(s):: Martin, R. A., Melfi, V.
As recorded in domestic nonhuman animals, regular interactions between animals in zoos and keepers and the resulting relationship formed (human-animal relationship [HAR]) are likely to influence the animals' behaviors with associated welfare consequences. HAR formation requires that zoo animals...
Defamiliarising the Zoo : Representations of Nonhuman Animal Captivity in Five Contemporary Novels
| Contributor(s):: Hadassa Prattley
While human-animal relations have always been part of human cultures the public zoo is a relatively recent phenomenon that reflects very specific elements of Western cultures’ modern ideas about, and relationships with, nonhuman animals. By becoming such a familiar part of popular culture...
Human-Animal Communication in Captive Species: Dogs, Horses, and Whales
| Contributor(s):: Mackenzie K. Kelley
My hopes for this project are to collect and analyze the current research in the field of animal communication. In the first part, my goal is to define animal communication, specifically within human contexts. I will look at how the history of humans and certain species have intertwined to...
The effect of zoo visitors on the behaviour and welfare of zoo mammals
| Contributor(s):: Alexandra Farrand
There is evidence that the presence of the visiting public affects the behaviour of zoo-housed mammals. Understanding the effect of visitors is important in improving animal welfare, achieving zoo conservation goals, increasing visitor education/entertainment, and facilitating interpretation of...
Visitor behaviours and visitor effects: a case study on the white-crowned mangabey (cercocebus atys lunulatus) of ZSL London Zoo
| Contributor(s):: Marta Fragata
One of the problems that zoos have to deal with at the present time concerns the human-animal relationship. This is a complex matter that emerges from the conjuncture in which contemporary zoos find themselves. One aspect of such problem emerge from the conflicts that may occur according to the...
Fostering Attitudes of Empathy towards Animals in Youth Ages 4-7 through Play Experiences in a Zoo Setting
| Contributor(s):: Heidi M. Faris
Zoos are place-based education facilities that have the ability to utilize their natural play spaces to enhance the social and cognitive development of children using live animals. Playing outdoors in nature has shown to increase physical, attentive, cognitive and social development during early...
Influência da visitação no comportamento de macacos-prego (Cebus apella) em zoológicos
| Contributor(s):: Glaucia Cristiana Wunderlich Farias
O bem-estar dos animais mantidos em zoológicos pode ser afetado por aspectos de ordem estrutural, ambiental e pelos tipos de relações que os mesmos desenvolvem com os visitantes. Os macacos-prego (Cebus apella) encontram-se, atualmente, em número significativo em...