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Managing Aged Animals in Zoos to Promote Positive Welfare: A Review and Future Directions
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| Contributor(s):: Bethany L. Krebs, Debra Marrin, Amy Phelps, Lana Krol, Jason V. Watters
Many animals experience physical and behavioral changes as they age. Age-related changes in physical or mental ability can limit the opportunities for animals to experience positive well-being. As animals in zoos are living longer than ever, understanding common physical, cognitive, and...
Zoo Registrars: A Bewildering Bureaucracy
| Contributor(s):: Katie Osborn, Irus Braverman
While their counterparts in the museum world have received some scholarly attention, no scholarly account of zoo registrars has been published to date. Why bother studying zoo registrars? Firstly, in the (contained) wildness of the zoo, the registrar performs the role of law and order. She...
Zooveillance: Foucault Goes to the Zoo
| Contributor(s):: Irus Braverman
The last three decades have witnessed a dramatic shift in the governance of North American zoo animals. During this period, captive animal administration has transformed from a materially, geographically, and technologically limited enterprise - focused on the control of individual zoo animals...
Determining the Effect of Visitor Group Size and Other Variables on the Behavior of Orangutans at the Oregon Zoo as a Measure of Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Katie Osborn, Kaytlynn Fyock, Randy Zelick (adviser)
The Oregon Zoo is home to many exotic animals, including Bornean and Sumatran orangutans. They live in a relatively new naturalistic exhibit and are subject to large volumes of visitor traffic throughout the day. This is a pilot study to determine the variables and details necessary to conduct a...
| Contributor(s):: Maya Kadota, Tadamichi Morisaka, Kazunobu Furuta, Naoki Kamezaki, Dai Oya
動物は，人の生活のいたるところに存在して いる。歴史的にもその関係は非常に深く，紀元 前一万年前の旧石器時代に描かれたというスペ イン，アルタミラ洞窟の野牛，馬，トナカイな どの壁画などからうかがい知れる。人にとって 動物は食べ物としての存在や生活を脅かす存在 であったが，歴史が進むにつれ，より多くの関 わりをもつようになる。信仰としての対象，愛 玩としての対象，家畜としての対象，生活を補 助する道具としての対象などである。
How We Train Dolphins?
| Contributor(s):: Meg Sawada
Through the internship program at Dolphin Quest Oahu (DQO), not only I have learned how to train dolphins but also I have learned the importance caring for animals with respect. Respecting marine mammal and protecting their environment can lead to marine conservation. At Dolphin Quest, we educate...
Hazards of Getting Sick from Contact with Farm Animals at Fairs and Petting Zoos
| Contributor(s):: Aurora A. Saulo
Animals exhibited at fairs, farm centers, and in petting zoos are very popular and educational, and they bring much joy to people, especially children, but in addition to warm memories of holding them, there is risk that immunocompromised people may take home harmful—even...
Wild Connection: How Do We Connect With Animals? | Leila Goulet | TEDxRoseburg
We have all had an experience with an animal at some point in our lives… How have these experiences shaped the way we view and interact with living things? What can we do to be the voice of so many vanishing species? In this talk, personal wildlife conservation stories will be explored,...
Unzoo: creating conservational conscience - a progressive development scheme for Johannesburg Zoo
| Contributor(s):: Bronwyn Anne Allcock
Humans and animals have a diverse and complex set of relationships but their inextricable narratives of development leave them interdependent. By understanding the human fascination with other living beings, in conjunction with our responsibility of preserving the planet, the importance of...
Beyond One Health—Zoological Medicine in the Anthropocene
| Contributor(s):: Chris Walzer
In contrast to some of the well-established core disciplines of veterinary medicine, such as radiology, surgery, and internal medicine, zoological medicine is often perceived as a relatively recent development. However, as early as 1831, local veterinary practitioner Charles Spooner became the...
In Search of the Urban Cowboy: The Need to Incorporate Animal Husbandry into the United States Higher Education Curriculum and Its Implications for Production Animal Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Courtney Lynd Daigle
There is a need to (1) highlight the importance of incorporating animal husbandry into higher education curriculum and (2) emphasize that professionally training production animal handlers will have positive impact on production animal welfare. Spending more time interacting with agricultural...
The role of zoos and aquariums in education for a sustainable future
| Contributor(s):: Jan Packer, Roy Ballantyne
This chapter explores visitors' environmental learning in zoos and aquariums, inclusive of narrative accounts that demonstrate the impact of such experiences in the lives of visitors regarding the process and outcomes.
Zoo Animals, Livestock, and Pets, Oh MY! An Exploration of the Ethics of Captive Breeding
| Contributor(s):: Colleen McArdle
What is captive breeding? Captive breeding is a mode of breeding in which humans decide which animals will be parents and arrange reproduction for purposes that we define. Zoos have used it as a conservation strategy in the United States since the 1960’s, but it is also used to breed...
Prisoners in War: Zoos and Zoo Animals During Human Conflict 1870-1947
| Contributor(s):: Clelly Johnson
Animals are sentient beings capable of many of the same feelings experienced by humans. They mourn a loss, they feel love and loyalty, and they experience fear. During wars and conflicts, fear is a prevailing emotion among humans, who worry for their wellbeing. Animals,...
Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior
| Contributor(s):: Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.
Reproductive Endocrinology and Musth Indicators in a Captive Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus)
| Contributor(s):: Duer, C., Tomasi, T., Abramson, C. I.
A Comparison of Zoo Animal Behavior in the Presence of Familiar and Unfamiliar People
| Contributor(s):: Martin, R. A., Melfi, V.
Applying Behavioral Conditioning to Identify Anticipatory Behaviors
| Contributor(s):: Krebs, B. L., Torres, E., Chesney, C., Kantoniemi Moon, V., Watters, J. V.
Defamiliarising the Zoo : Representations of Nonhuman Animal Captivity in Five Contemporary Novels
| Contributor(s):: Hadassa Prattley
While human-animal relations have always been part of human cultures the public zoo is a relatively recent phenomenon that reflects very specific elements of Western cultures’ modern ideas about, and relationships with, nonhuman animals. By becoming such a familiar part of popular culture...
Human-Animal Communication in Captive Species: Dogs, Horses, and Whales
| Contributor(s):: Mackenzie K. Kelley
My hopes for this project are to collect and analyze the current research in the field of animal communication. In the first part, my goal is to define animal communication, specifically within human contexts. I will look at how the history of humans and certain species have intertwined to result...