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  1. Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior

    Contributor(s):: Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.

    Zoological institutions develop human-animal interaction opportunities for visitors to advance missions of conservation, education, and recreation; however, the animal welfare implications largely have yet to be evaluated. This behavioral study was the first to quantify impacts of guest feeding...

  2. Caregiver/orangutan relationships at Auckland Zoo: empathy, friendship, and ethics between species

    Contributor(s):: Palmer, A., Malone, N., Park, J.

    Drawing on ethnographic, ethological, and historical data, we examined the relationships between orangutans and caregivers at Auckland Zoo. Caregivers displayed high levels of empathy and adjusted their husbandry routines to their interpretations of the orangutans' moods. Caregivers experienced...

  3. A comparison of zoo animal behavior in the presence of familiar and unfamiliar people

    Contributor(s):: Martin, R. A., Melfi, V.

    As recorded in domestic nonhuman animals, regular interactions between animals in zoos and keepers and the resulting relationship formed (human-animal relationship [HAR]) are likely to influence the animals' behaviors with associated welfare consequences. HAR formation requires that zoo animals...

  4. Defamiliarising the Zoo : Representations of Nonhuman Animal Captivity in Five Contemporary Novels

    Contributor(s):: Hadassa Prattley

    While human-animal relations have always been part of human cultures the public zoo is a relatively recent phenomenon that reflects very specific elements of Western cultures’ modern ideas about, and relationships with, nonhuman animals. By becoming such a familiar part of popular culture...

  5. Human-Animal Interactions at Zoological Institutions

    Contributor(s):: Christopher Marion

    Objective – To determine the preventive practices concerning zoonotic disease transmission between humans and animals in interactive exhibits at Association of Zoos & Aquariums (AZA) accredited institutions. Data were also analyzed to determine if annual budget was associated with...

  6. Environmentally enriching American mink ( Neovison vison) increases lymphoid organ weight and skeletal symmetry, and reveals differences between two sub-types of stereotypic behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Diez-Leon, M., Bursian, S., Galicia, D., Napolitano, A., Palme, R., Mason, G.

    Enrichment studies for wild carnivores (e.g., in zoos) are often short-term, use enrichments of unknown motivational significance, and focus on glucocorticoids and stereotypic behaviour (SB), ignoring other stress-relevant variables. Our study assessed the broad behavioural and physiological...

  7. Program animal welfare: using behavioral and physiological measures to assess the well-being of animals used for education programs in zoos

    Contributor(s):: Baird, B. A., Kuhar, C. W., Lukas, K. E., Amendolagine, L. A., Fuller, G. A., Nemet, J., Willis, M. A., Schook, M. W.

    This study investigates program animal welfare using both behavioral and physiological measures in two separate experiments. In Experiment One, we examined possible differences in behavior and fecal glucocorticoid metabolites (FGM) between education, exhibit and off-exhibit armadillos ( N=59)...

  8. What drives cat-owner behaviour? First steps towards limiting domestic-cat impacts on native wildlife

    Contributor(s):: MacDonald, E., Milfont, T., Gavin, M.

    Context. Cats can have substantial negative impacts on native wildlife. To harness the collective conservation impact of owners keeping cats inside, advocacy campaigns need to be based on empirical evidence regarding potential drivers to change cat-owner behaviour. Aims. We assessed the degree to...

  9. Activity budgets of captive Cape fur seals ( Arctocephalus pusillus) under a training regime

    Contributor(s):: Wierucka, K., Siemianowska, S., Wozniak, M., Jasnosz, K., Kieliszczyk, M., Kozak, P., Sergiel, A.

    Ethograms and time budgets are crucial for the behavioral assessment of nonhuman animals in zoos, and they serve as references for welfare research. This study was conducted to obtain detailed time budgets of trained Cape fur seals ( Arctocephalus pusillus) in captivity, to evaluate variations of...

  10. The welfare of bears in zoos: a case study of Poland

    Contributor(s):: Maslak, R., Sergiel, A., Bowles, D., Pasko, L.

    The welfare of captive bears became a big issue of concern in Poland when a case of a bear being ill-treated became a high-profile case in the media. This case created a challenge to verify, study, and understand the main problems associated with bear keeping so that zoos could significantly...

  11. Behavioural analysis of captive tigers ( Panthera tigris): a water pool makes the difference

    Contributor(s):: Biolatti, C., Modesto, P., Dezzutto, D., Pera, F., Tarantola, M., Gennero, M. S., Maurella, C., Acutis, P. L.

    The activity budgets of seven captive tigers ( Panthera tigris) housed in four zoological gardens (A, B, C, D) were analysed to assess their welfare and to relate it to several variables, including enclosure type, management, and animal history. Behaviours were recorded by instantaneous focal...

  12. A "how-to" guide for designing judgment bias studies to assess captive animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Bethell, E. J.

    Robust methods to assess nonhuman animal emotion are essential for ensuring good welfare in captivity. Cognitive bias measures such as the judgment bias task have recently emerged as promising tools to assess animal emotion. The simple design and objective response measures make judgment bias...

  13. A multi-institutional assessment of factors influencing locomotion and pacing in captive okapis ( Okapia johnstoni)

    Contributor(s):: Bennett, C., Torgerson-White, L., Fripp, D., Watters, J., Petric, A.

    The okapi ( Okapia johnstoni), native to the Democratic Republic of Congo, is a large, solitary, and diurnal forest-dwelling ungulate highly sensitive to captive conditions. The captive population demonstrates persistent health problems, reproductive abnormalities, and several potentially...

  14. Evaluation of an innovative approach for sensory enrichment in zoos: semiochemical stimulation for captive lions ( Panthera leo)

    Contributor(s):: Martinez-Macipe, M., Lafont-Lecuelle, C., Manteca, X., Pageat, P., Cozzi, A.

    Despite improvements in zoo housing and management conditions over the last years, zoo animals may still present undesirable behaviours, such as aggression, stereotypies, boredom and a general absence of natural behaviours. In order to improve animal welfare, researchers are constantly looking...

  15. Chinese visitors' experiences of nature and wild macaques: inspiration and personal growth for living in Hong Kong

    Contributor(s):: Lee, WingNaam, Davey, G.

    Country parks offer urban residents the opportunity to experience wildlife, engage in environmental education, and socially bond with family and friends, but little is known about these experiences in China. Twenty-five interviews were conducted in 2012 to investigate the meanings Hong Kong...

  16. Little penguins, Eudyptula minor, show increased avoidance, aggression and vigilance in response to zoo visitors

    Contributor(s):: Sherwen, S. L., Magrath, M. J. L., Butler, K. L., Hemsworth, P. H.

    Multiple studies have shown that human disturbance can have negative impacts on wild penguin populations. Penguins in zoos may also be susceptible to negative impacts from humans, but this has not previously been investigated. We examined the visitor effect on a group of 25 little penguins ,...

  17. Pond use by captive African penguins ( Spheniscus demersus) in an immersive exhibit adjacent to human bathers

    Contributor(s):: Ozella, L., Favaro, L., Carnovale, I., Pessani, D.

    Nonhuman animals in zoos are exposed to a continuous human presence, which affects their behaviors and welfare. However, little is known about what role the "visitor effect" has on penguins in captivity. The African penguin ( Spheniscus demersus) is an endangered species commonly housed in zoos...

  18. Zoo playgrounds: a source of enrichment or stress for a group of nearby cockatoos? A case study

    Contributor(s):: Collins, C. K., Marples, N. M.

    There is increasing evidence that in some circumstances, zoo visitors may be aversive stimuli to nonhuman animals housed in zoos. Yet, most previous research has focused on primates with little attention given to numerous other species who are housed in zoos. The focus animal of this project was...

  19. Are we ignoring neutral and negative human-animal relationships in zoos?

    Contributor(s):: Hosey, G., Melfi, V.

    Human-animal interactions (HAI), which may lead to human-animal relationships (HAR), may be positive, neutral, or negative in nature. Zoo studies show that visitors may be stressful, may have no effect, or may be enriching. There is also evidence that good HARs set up between animals and their...

  20. Effects of visual contact with zoo visitors on black-capped capuchin welfare

    Contributor(s):: Sherwen, S. L., Harvey, T. J., Magrath, M. J. L., Butler, K. L., Fanson, K. V., Hemsworth, P. H.

    Previous research has suggested that the presence of zoo visitors may be stressful for various primate species, and visual contact with visitors may be the sensory stimuli that mediate visitor effects. We studied a group of black-capped capuchins, Cebus apella, in a controlled experiment,...