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Implementing a One Health approach to emerging infectious disease: reflections on the socio-political, ethical and legal dimensions
| Contributor(s):: Chris Degeling, Jane Johnson, Ian Kerridge, Andrew Wilson, Michael Ward, Cameron Stewart, Gwendolyn Gilbert
Background: ‘One Health’ represents a call for health researchers and practitioners at the human, animal and environmental interfaces to work together to mitigate the risks of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases (EIDs). A One Health approach emphasizing inter-disciplinary...
Animal influence on water, sanitation and hygiene measures for zoonosis control at the household level: A systematic literature review
| Contributor(s):: Francisco Matilla, Yael Velleman, Wendy Harrison, Mandy Nevel
Introduction Neglected zoonotic diseases (NZDs) have a significant impact on the livelihoods of the world’s poorest populations, which often lack access to basic services. Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programmes are included among the key strategies for achieving the World Health...
Establishing a One Health office in Kenya
| Contributor(s):: Murithi Mbabu, Ian Njeru, Sarah File, Eric Osoro, Stella Kiambi, Austine Bitek, Peter Ithondeka, Salome Kairu-Wanyoike, Shanaaz Sharif, Eric Gogstad, Francis Gakuya, Kaitlin Sandhaus, Peninah Munyua, Joel Montgomery, Robert Breiman, Carol Rubin, Kariuki Njenga
A One Health (OH) approach that integrates human,animal and environmental approaches to management of zoonotic diseases has gained momentum in the last decadeas part of a strategy to prevent and...
Transmission dynamics of pandemic influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus in humans and swine in backyard farms in Tumbes, Peru
| Contributor(s):: Yeny O. Tinoco, Joel M. Montgomery, Mathew R. Kasper, Martha I. Nelson, Hugo Razuri, Maria C. Guezala, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner, Marc-Alain Widdowson, John Barnes, Robert H. Gilman, Daniel G Bausch, Armando E. Gonzalez
Objectives We aimed to determine the frequency of pH1N1 transmission between humans and swine on backyard farms in Tumbes, Peru. Design Two‐year serial cross‐sectional study comprising four sampling periods: March 2009 (pre‐pandemic), October 2009 (peak of the pandemic in Peru), April...
Ecology of zoonoses: natural and unnatural histories
| Contributor(s):: William B. Karesh, Andy Dobson, James O. Lloyd-Smith, Juan Lubroth, Matthew A. Dixon, Malcolm Bennett, Stephen Aldrich, Todd Harrington, Pierre Formenty, Elizabeth H. Loh, Catherine C. Machalaba, Mathew Jason Thomas, David L. Heymann
More than 60% of human infectious diseases are caused by pathogens shared with wild or domestic animals. Zoonotic disease organisms include those that are endemic in human populations or enzootic in animal populations with frequent cross-species transmission to people. Some of these diseases...
One health: the importance of companion animal vector-borne diseases
| Contributor(s):: Michael J Day
The international prominence accorded the 'One Health' concept of co-ordinated activity of those involved in human and animal health is a modern incarnation of a long tradition of comparative medicine, with roots in the ancient civilizations and a golden era during the 19th century...
An Evaluation of the Oral Microbiome and Potential Zoonoses of Two Ubiquitous South African Strepsirrhines, Otolemur crassicaudatus and Galago moholi.
| Contributor(s):: Michael John Strinden
As Otolemur crassicaudatus and Galago moholi are ubiquitous throughout part of South Africa they are thought to be at little conservation risk. However, this has resulted in a situation where these species are seldom studied. This thesis addresses this lack of knowledge...
Ethnobiology in One Health
| Contributor(s):: Marsha B Quinlan, Robert J Quinlan
The new One Health concept is, essentially, the ethnobiology of health, addressing the interrelation of human, animal and environmental health. Incited by 2003 outbreaks of animal-borne SARS and avian influenza, One Health’s multidisciplinary perspective complements growing international...
Recent animal disease outbreaks and their impact on human populations
| Contributor(s):: Jeff B Bender, William Hueston, Michael Osterholm
There are very positive and strong connections between animals and humans, but also reasons for concern because about 61% of all human pathogens are zoonotic. The increase in new diseases, is due to increases in world trade, animal translocation, ecological disruptions, climate change,...
The Biocultural Landscape of Zoonotic Disease: Examining Human-Animal Vulnerability to Anthrax on the Colombian-Venezuelan Border
| Contributor(s):: Jennifer A. Ida
The focus of this thesis is to provide a holistic understanding of the political, cultural, environmental, and biological factors that may be contributing to increased vulnerability to anthrax in Wayuu and non-Wayuu human and livestock communities in La Guajira, Colombia. Qualitative data...
| Contributor(s):: Jennifer Ashley Ida
Pets, Purity and Pollution: Why Conventional Models of Disease Transmission Do Not Work for Pet Rat Owners
| Contributor(s):: Charlotte Robin, Elizabeth Perkins, Francine Watkins, Robert Christley
In the United Kingdom, following the emergence of Seoul hantavirus in pet rat owners in 2012, public health authorities tried to communicate the risk of this zoonotic disease, but had limited success. To explore this lack of engagement with health advice, we conducted in-depth, semi-structured...
Zoonotic diagrams: mastering and unsettling human-animal relations
| Contributor(s):: Lynteris, Christos
Hepatitis E Virus Serosurvey among Pet Dogs and Cats in Several Developed Cities in China
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| Contributor(s):: Huanbin Liang, Jidang Chen, Jiexiong Xie, Long Sun, Fanxiao Ji, Shuyi He, Yun Zheng, Chumin Liang, Guihong Zhang, Shuo Su, Shoujun Li
Infection by Hepatitis E virus (HEV), as a zoonotic disease virus, is well studied in pigs in China, but few studies in pets have been performed. This study was designed to characterize the prevalence of HEV infection among pet dogs and cats in major metropolitan areas of China. We conducted a...
A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Campylobacter spp. Prevalence and Concentration in Household Pets and Petting Zoo Animals for Use in Exposure Assessments
| Contributor(s):: Katarina D. M. Pintar, Tanya Christidis, M. Kate Thomas, Maureen Anderson, Andrea Nesbitt, Jessica Keithlin, Barbara Marshall, Frank Pollari
Animal contact is a potential transmission route for campylobacteriosis, and both domestic household pet and petting zoo exposures have been identified as potential sources of exposure. Research has typically focussed on the prevalence, concentration, and transmission of zoonoses from farm...
Editorial: Veterinary Bacterial Zoonoses
| Contributor(s):: Jiabo Ding, Menachem Banai, Shenqing Yu, Xin Ting
Zoonotic Diseases and Phytochemical Medicines for Microbial Infections in Veterinary Science: Current State and Future Perspective
| Contributor(s):: Bora Shin, Woojun Park
Diseases caused by bacterial infections in small-scale and industrial livestock are becoming serious global health concern in veterinary science. Zoonotic bacteria, including Staphylococcus, Campylobacter, and Bartonella species, that infect animals and humans cause various...
Brucellosis Control in Malta and Serbia: A One Health Evaluation
| Contributor(s):: Sandra C. Buttigieg, Sara Savic, Daniel Cauchi, Elaine Lautier, Massimo Canali, Maurizio Aragrande
Brucellosis, also known as “undulant fever” or “Malta fever”, is a zoonotic infection caused by microorganisms belonging to Brucella, a genus of gram-negative coccobacilli that behave as facultative intracellular pathogens of ruminants, swine and other animals....
One Health Integration: A Proposed Framework for a Study on Veterinarians and Zoonotic Disease Management in Ghana
| Contributor(s):: Sophie Francoise Valeix
In parallel with the recent world-wide promotion of One Health (OH) as a policy concept, a growing body of social science studies has raised questions about how successful OH policies and programs have been in managing some global health issues, such as zoonotic diseases. This paper briefly...
Animal-assisted interventions: A national survey of health and safety policies in hospitals, eldercare facilities, and therapy animal organizations
| Contributor(s):: Linder, D. E., Gibbs, D. M., Siebens, H. C., Mueller, M. K., Freeman, L. M.