How should the psychological welfare of zoo elephants be investigated?
Contributor(s):: G.J. Mason, J. Veasey
The welfare of elephants is an enormous challenge for zoos in terms of animal husbandry, financial cost and public perception. This chapter’s aim is not to discuss whether elephants should be held in captivity: resolving this issue would involve sound data on the costs and...
Activity budgets of captive Cape fur seals ( Arctocephalus pusillus) under a training regime
Contributor(s):: Wierucka, K., Siemianowska, S., Wozniak, M., Jasnosz, K., Kieliszczyk, M., Kozak, P., Sergiel, A.
Ethograms and time budgets are crucial for the behavioral assessment of nonhuman animals in zoos, and they serve as references for welfare research. This study was conducted to obtain detailed time budgets of trained Cape fur seals ( Arctocephalus pusillus) in captivity, to evaluate variations of...
Long-term macroevaluation of environmental enrichment in three brown bears ( Ursus arctos) at Barcelona Zoo
Contributor(s):: Soriano, A. I., Vinyoles, D., Mate, C.
The evaluation of enrichment programs is important to determine their effect on nonhuman animal welfare. The daily activity pattern and use of space of 3 brown bears ( Ursus arctos) were used for long-term macroevaluation of enrichment to compare the baseline and enrichment phases. Focal sampling...
Relevance, Rigor, and Relationships: Student Perceptions Following Participation in an Integrated Experiential Zoo-Based Academic High School Science Program
Contributor(s):: John W. Hill, Henry Doorly Zoo
The purpose of this survey study was to compare students’ measured Likert scale perceptions of posttest school climate survey, relevance, rigor, and relationships domain scores following 11th- and 12th-grade participation in either an integrated experiential zoo-based academic high school...
Hair plucking in captive bonobos ( Pan paniscus)
Contributor(s):: Brand, C. M., Marchant, L. F.
Both wild and captive studies of grooming in non-human primates emphasize the adaptive role of this behavior. Indeed, social grooming is frequently characterized as "social glue" in the life of primates. Grooming behavior is studied to reveal dominance, kin relations, and social networks. Many...
Do Visitors Affect Zebra Behavior in Zoos?
Contributor(s):: Christine Conte
I investigated the effects of visitors on the behavior of two zebra species (Equus grevyi and Equus burchelli) at eight zoos on the East Coast of the United States. I used instantaneous time sampling to record zebra behavior and visitor data. I used these data to run Bayesian hierarchical models...
The Call of the Wild (And the Caged): The Impact of a Zoo's Exhibition Styles on the Attitudes of Its Human Visitors
Contributor(s):: Erin S. Behn
Modern zoos provide many visitors with the only direct interaction possible with many non-human species. Zoos can therefore present conservation messaging in a uniquely animal-relevant context, but questions remain regarding how the presentation of captive animals influences human...
The Zoological Paradox
Contributor(s):: Thorfun Chutchawanjumrut
Through on-site field investigation, studies of animal behaviors, and Jon Coe’s zoo enrichment principles, this thesis proposes that zoo architec-ture should prioritize the needs of the animals by incorporating behavioral and environmental enrichments into its...
Are we ignoring neutral and negative human-animal relationships in zoos?
Contributor(s):: Hosey, G., Melfi, V.
Close Encounters: The Thompson Wolf Park
Contributor(s):: Wagner, Elizabeth
Where the wild things are: The benefit of an integrated zoo-based program for the social development of young children
Contributor(s):: Frankie, Sara Morse
Animal Welfare and the Future of Zoos: Ron Kagan at TEDxOaklandUniversity
Contributor(s):: Ron Kagan
Detroit Zoological Society Executive Director Ron Kagan will share a view of the future that includes a different relationship between human and non-human animals. Zoos will demonstrate a fundamental commitment to being "patient-centered” – ensuring a great quality of life for...
Room to Roam: Using GPS to Determine the Effect of Exhibit Size and Herd Size on Zoo Elephant Movement
Contributor(s):: Matthew Holdgate, Deborah A. Duffield, David J. Shepherdson
Asian and African elephants (Elephas maximus and Loxodonta spp.) are particularly susceptible to welfare concerns in zoological institutions due to their high intelligence, complex social structures, and sheer size. Zoo elephants are also limited by the space available to them, and the resulting...
Applying visitor preference criteria to choose pro-wildlife behaviors to ask of zoo visitors
Contributor(s):: Liam Smith, Betty Weiler, Amy Smith, Pieter van Dijk
Many zoos now emphasize that their role in conservation includes influencing the behavior of their visitors for the benefit of wild animals. However, there is limited evidence of behavioral change to support this emphasis; one reason may be that requested behaviors are not viewed favorably by zoo...
Opportunities for Public Aquariums to Increase the Sustainability of the Aquatic Animal Trade
Contributor(s):: Michael F. Tlusty, Andrew L. Rhyne, Les Kaufman, Michael Hutchins, Gordon McGregor Reid, Chris Andrews, Paul Boyle, Jay Hemdal, Frazer McGilvray, Scott Dowd
The global aquatic pet trade encompasses a wide diversity of freshwater and marine organisms. While relying on a continual supply of healthy, vibrant aquatic animals, few sustainability initiatives exist within this sector. Public aquariums overlap this industry by acquiring many of the same...
Evaluative Measures: Assessing the Effectiveness of Exhibits and Programs in Zoos
Contributor(s):: Drew Johnson
This thesis examines program and exhibition evaluation as pertaining to zoos and aquariums in the United States from the 1960’s to the present. Research conducted for this thesis focuses on the design, implementation, and evaluation of zoological programs and exhibitions. Also examined are...
Post-occupancy Evaluation at the Zoo: Behavioral and Hormonal Indicators of Welfare in Orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus abelii)
Contributor(s):: Leigha Tingey
An increased understanding of species-specific behavioral needs has lead zoos to focus on providing more naturalistic and stimulating environments. Scientific assessments of how changes in habitat affect animal behavior are necessary in improving overall animal welfare. This study examined the...
An observational study measuring hand washing behavior in petting zoo attendees
Contributor(s):: Amy A. Hille
Each year in the US an estimated 6 million people visit petting zoos, and the number is increasing. Outbreaks in humans associated with animal pathogens are being increasingly reported. There are many published recommendations for design and maintenance for these facilities. Hand...
Perceptions of zoo visitors about the suitability of Geochelone elegans as a pet based on exhibit design
Contributor(s):: Shannon Marie Mckinney
Globally, the pet trade plays an active role in society even though many of the species involved are not always ideal pets. Zoos and other institutes may inadvertently contribute to the problem by housing animals in exhibits which may mislead the public about an animal's suitability as a pet....