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Some effects of repeated handling on stress responses in sheep

By A. L. Hargreaves, G. D. Hutson

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Abstract

Repeated exposure to a handling treatment was investigated as a possible method of reducing the stress response to shearing. Sheep were exposed to sham shearing (a procedure in which no wool is removed, but which otherwise resembles shearing) on 4 occasions at 2-week intervals. The peak cortisol response to this procedure was not affected, but concentrations of plasma cortisol declined more rapidly to lower baseline concentrations after 4 exposures. Basal haematocrit also declined over the 4 exposures. In contrast, adrenal responsiveness to exogenous adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) increased over the period of sham shearing. The response to sham shearing was unrelated to flight distance of sheep or their position in a forced movement order. Flight distances of sham-shorn sheep were significantly shorter than those of control sheep after the 4 exposures. There was no correlation between forced movement or competitive order before and after sham shearing. The stress response to sham shearing was only slightly reduced by repetition, although the response apparently remained sufficient to affect adrenal responsiveness.

Date 1990
Publication Title Applied Animal Behaviour Science
Volume 26
Issue 3
Pages 253-265
ISBN/ISSN 0168-1591
Language English
Author Address Animal Production Section, School of Agriculture and Forestry, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Vic. 3052, Australia.
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Tags
  1. Adrenal glands
  2. Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
  3. Animal behavior
  4. Animal diseases
  5. Animal physiology
  6. Cortisol
  7. Glucocorticoids
  8. Handling
  9. Hormones
  10. Hydrocortisone
  11. Mammals
  12. peer-reviewed
  13. Sheep
  14. Stress
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  1. peer-reviewed